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Between 1865 and 1900 technology, economic conditions, and government policy influenced American Agriculture greater than it ever had before. Technologically, Railroads, factories, and farm equipment changed American agriculture by allowing the production of farmed goods to be increased substantially, while economic conditions caused the prices of these goods to go down and then fluctuate. Farmers hurting from the economic disarray began influencing the laws being passed to help them in their economic troubles. Because of the influence of technology, government policy, and economic conditions between the 1865 and 1900 American agriculture was affected.

Technology in this time period allowed for more crops to be produced. The use of new farm equipment was one of the things that generated more production. Document D shows a combine, a piece of farm equipment that harvests grain, being pulled by many horses. The use of the combine to trigger an increase in agricultural production as shown in Document A. Also with the invention of the grain elevator more farmers had the ability to store grain in bulk. Another technological advancement that developed during this time would be the railroad system. The railroads linked the farms to the big cities as shown in Document B. “Cowboys”, usually in Texas, herded cattle hundreds of miles along cattle trails, such as the Chisholm Trail, and the western trail, to cow towns along railroads. A drawback to the railroads, though, would be the “Robber Barons”, such as C. Vanderbilt, who had monopolistic power over the railroads. Things like cattle would be taken to factories more likely in Chicago as depicted in Document F. The packaged meat would then go into a railroad car that was possibly refrig...

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...ople did was urge the government to open land in Oklahoma. Oklahoma was home to many Indian reservations. These Indian reservations take up a lot of land. R.W. McAdams wanted to shrink land given to Indians for their reservations. The government opened up land, but with a clause. Anyone who tried to claim the land before the given date could not get that land. This clause was known as the “sooner” clause. These government policies opened up land and made things fairer to farmers, the people who make up the agricultural industry. They also let political parties know that the poor farmer needed to be heard too.

Advancement in technology brought more crops by enabling farmers to harvest more crops with less work and allowing them to store those crops. Though the economy did not favor the agriculture industry, it caused farmers to come together and improve the industry.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains how technology, economic conditions, and government policy influenced american agriculture between 1865 and 1900.
  • Explains that technology in this time period allowed for more crops to be produced. the railroad system linked the farms to the big cities, and the "robber barons" had monopolistic power over the railroads.
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