The Importance Of Geography In War

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Geography is a branch of science that seeks to learn about the physical aspects of the earth, and how human activity is having an impact on it. War, on the other hand, is a militaristic conflict between two opposing parties, where violence and strategic thinking plays a big part. War relies on several aspects in Geography to help win battles such as using maps to have an overview of a battlefield, understanding how the land can be used to a commander’s advantage, and so on. Wars or other kinds of militaristic conflicts can sometimes occur due to the nature of Geography in many ways: expanding the territory of a country, conquering another nation for its resources, or for other reasons. Geography matters very much in warfare because the types…show more content…
The physical aspects of a battlefield is a key component in winning, or losing the battle. Whether it be swampy, mountainous, snowy, clear, or any other kind of physical attribute the land plays a part in combat. In a battlefield, a commander must find ways to use it to their advantage to overcome their enemies. The term to refer a particular type of land is called Terrain, but through understanding, and mapping all the different characteristics, attributes, traits, and various other features of it, a commander can impact the outcome to a battle. Sun Tzu a renown general that has written an entire book of warfare called “The art of war” mentions that an army who would have the high ground advantage, can use the height to their advantage in different ways, for instance having a better overview of the battlefield, and have more protection against enemies as they would have a hard time trying to hit them due to a height difference. The Vietnam War is considered to be the most devastating war right after both World war one, and two, but it is mainly…show more content…
A country’s location plays a great part in dealing with other nearby countries, and how they can aid, support, or possibly fight each other. For instance, Canada is the closest country to the United States, and near Europe, so trade between these three places is inevitable of course. However, Canada does not exactly have the strongest military in the world, and the country that has what is considered to be the most powerful, and well equip army is the United States, and is closest to Canada, so relations between these countries must be excellent, which allows Canada to be protected by the United States, and Canada having to economically support the United States, while also cooperating with their military forces (http://can-am.gc.ca/relations/security_defence-securite_defense.aspx?lang=eng). With different countries being geographically placed in a variety of different locations, while also having different strengths or weakness in various sectors from one another, it helps nations to try to build a healthy relationship with other nearby nations in order to get support, and giving it. On the other hand, some countries would try to at first have a healthy relation to another country, but later would try to back stab them, or to control another nation. Before 1941, the relationship between Germany, and Russia was rather great as both countries were pretty close
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