Functionalism VS Conflict Theory Frenchman, Emile Durkheim, would argue that functions are parts coming together to form a society and that inequality is needed in order for a society to function properly. Compared to Karl Marx, who believes that groups compete for social and economic resources. Therefore, functionalism focuses on how people come together meanwhile, conflict theory is when there is manipulation by superior groups. Functionalism believes that for a society to run smoothly it must have functions. Stating that some jobs hold more importance than other jobs and that those jobs require more education than others. Also, that not everyone can have the skills to have an important job. Therefore implying that inequality is needed in …show more content…
One of the major differences is that functionalist believe that in order for a society to function it must have specific roles. Roles that bring the society together and that inequality is needed for the good of the society. Because without inequality everything would not flow the way it is now. So conflict theory believes that those who hold the most power rule over those with no power and that, that is not far nor needed for a society to function properly. Also conflict theory does not emphasize the importance of having more power over those who do not have any. Those with the least power should also be recognized for their tribute to the society. For example a garbage man does not get paid as much as a doctor and they both contribute to the society. The garbage man plays a large role in the society if no one was willing to do that job. The city would be filthy and unsanitized. There would be trash all over the street, making the city have a foul odor. But, also the doctors play an important role to society because they help people with their well being and to live a longer and healthier life. From a conflict theory’s perspective these two employees both deserve the same amount of respect and praise. They should not look at how much someone is getting paid or who got more
The functionalism theory claims that society is a system of interconnected parts. This theory emphasizes the importance of stability and solidarity into society. The ideas from this theory try and identify the various parts or structures of society to see how they work and or function. With the functionalism theory, homelessness is considered a “must” for the society to operate. Every individual in society has a specific role. Homelessness is just looked at as nothing more but a social class which is needed. Most believe, that once someone is homeless, they will remain in that class for as long as he or she lives. If one ever does get the chance to move up in class, the change will be slow and gradual. The functional perspective is a perspective in which all different parts of society come together with the other social classes. This perspective is needed for society to go on. The conflict theorists view the society from a hierarchical point of view. In this perspective, individuals are subordinated to
Both the functionalist theory and the conflict theory could shed light on the problem by looking at it with a macro view rather than a micro view. A functionalist would look at gender inequalities as a helpful way to divide labor that in turn maximizes resources and efficiency. The conflict theory is structural and can help us to better understand the power struggle between men and women which advocates for the situation. When there is conflict between a subordinate group and a dominant one things happen that create social change.
Functionalism focuses on each aspect of society being independent and contributes to stability (Cliffsnotes, 2016.) It ignores the dysfunction of stratification such as poverty (Cliffsnotes, 2016.) Fails to recognize the negative impact of low income, education, mortality and life choices have on people’s life and what this can mean for people trapped in such life cycle (Cliffsnotes, 2016.) The main difference between functionalism and weberianism is functionalism believed that society was naturally heading towards equilibrium (check where this is from)Durkheim believed that there were two types of structures within society, (institutions and social facts), for society to maintain social equilibrium each structure must work together to create a balance (check where this is from .) For example, schools educate the children so they can get a job and put back into society, this relationship was termed ‘manifest functions’ (Brown, 2013.) Functionalism looks at society on a large scale (Moore et al, 2006.) Weberianism focuses more on individuals and how they hold the power to change their status within a competitive society. It describes how people can fight for economic gains; this is proved in history with the rise of the working class (Moore et al, 2006.) This idea later becomes the sociological theory we know as capitalism. Max Weber was interested in understanding the human behavior (Bartle, 2012.) He believed we should show empathy for individuals as understanding the meaning behind the way the individual behaves, is important when determining their place in society and the product of their behavior (Bartle,
“No system of distribution can satisfy everyone, since there is no obviously “right” or “fair” way to distribute power, privilege, and prestige” (Nolan. Lenski, 2004: 269). Functionalism is a theory that could explain why Marx’s predictions have not been realized. Functionalism may be defined as the “theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability” (Moffit, n.d). Unlike Marxist, functionalist believe that society is abundant due to presence of roles, status and norms into social hierarchy—there isn’t just a separation of dominants and impotent. (Sociologyguide, n.d). Functionalists believe society to be a complex system made up of interdependent and interrelated parts; each part is a vital piece of society. The malfunction of a part could indicate or even provoke disruption within society (faculty.upi,n.d). (potmd,2012) Functionalist agree that
... image, causing eating disorders. The conflict theory is also a macrosociological perspective that suggests people are influenced by self and group interests. I think I agree most with the conflict theory because unlike the functionalist perspective, [as presented by M.D.]this theoretical approach suggests that actions are made based on a person or groups own interests rather than their values because we are a “fix it” type of society (62).
Functionalism assumes that society is essentially a system of parts that work together for the benefit of the group (Harper, 44). That it 's system is built around imperatives that perpetuate its existence: “the replacement of individuals, socialization, production of goods and services, provision of social order, and maintenance of common symbols, values, and motivation”. One way to think of this is that of a single cell organism with parts that operate and function for the survival and growth of that cell. In regards to social change when the social order is disturbed with things such as conflict, equality, or innovation strain can result (Harper, 45). In dealing with the strain, under Parsons evolutionary theory of change, society can revert to a previous equilibrium, system maintenance. They can change or develop new procedures, roles, and structures, structural differentiation. Or they can go through adaptive upgrading where by they
Functionalism is also called a consensus theory. Marxism and functionalism are similar in that they see that the way society is structured as an important part in determining the way people have relationships and behave between themselves. This is known as structural perspective. Both functionalists and Marxists believe that people are portrayed as creature within the social system. Functionalists believe that society operates to the benefit of everybody.
Everyone goes through stages of life and everyone goes through them differently, there are some people that will go through life and not have any problems. While there are some people who will go through life and then will get a disease that will slowly kill them. Does getting a disease in old age make it harder for a person to live the rest of their life out? The functionalist perspective would best explain the expected outcomes, because it tries to help out society and make sure there is some stability.
Functionalism believes that society needs a system to work. Everything that goes on in a society gives balance to the world. Therefore, wealth will be a massive gear that turn a well oil machine. Wealth is a necessity to the economy and society. A person who has climb the ladder of wealth will be more respect. They believe that if you can acquire the skill set to do the
The functionalist paradigm focuses on the integration of society, and how society how its own groups which has their own functions to help improve the peoples lives. Functionalist paradigm fits in the category of macro-sociology, because it focuses on the patterns that shape an entire society. Functionalists believe that society is maintained through the thought of trust and consensus on moral values for ideal behavior. Working together will result in a stable social environment that will create equality. Conflicts or dysfunctions will be view as a disease in the social system. Social conflict paradigm believes that society is divided into many groups that have their own goals, and that certain parts of the world have the luck of benefiting economic dominan...
Davis and Moore’s model of stratification includes rewarding people when they accomplished bigger challenges. In order for the person to perform a task they need to feel motivated. This includes not only family motivation but the resources that they have making the process smoother. For example, a medical doctor will not waste 22 years of his life in school if in the end they make the same as a janitor (lectures) In order to succeed, there needs to be a big reward waiting in the end as part of the motivation to reach their goal. These rewards includes money, prestige and power (lectures) People will feel motivation knowing it will pay off, such as making them icons and great examples for the rest of the society. To guarantee that those positions get fulfilled, these rewards must be handed out.
for an explanation of why inequality is useful for society. Davis and Moore 's 'the functions of stratification" argument that equal rewards are allotted to different strata of people according to their different levels of talent and their willingness to study and work hard.
Functionalism is often related with thoughts of Emile Durkheim (1858-1917), a French sociologist (Coakley & Dunning, 2004). He used biological, organic analogies to explain society as a whoe.to keep the whole organism/system (that is society) it is important that all it parts works well together. These keepings parts can also be named as natural balance develops through common values and also through different point view of the society like family, education, religion, spots and so on. (Coakley, 2004). So the family’s share is to reproduce new members as well as socialism them, teaching them the values that need in the society. The educational system comes through schools where the members are likely to be taught by the teachers and also learn from
It sees society as a body of all institutions working together to make a society. Functionalism theory helps you observe society in order to understand the functions and institutions working together to sustain society as a whole. Functionalism theory weakness is being unable to social change, it will cause a conflict. Changing the elements will affect other elements in the system and cause a change in the whole balance. Functionalism does not inspire people to take a change in social environment, even when it will benefit them. Functionalism believes that if one has social change then different parts of society will compensate in a seemingly natural way for any problems that may