Major Sociological Perspective Essay

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Social theories provide us with a new perspective in the social world. With new perspectives, new opinions can be made. also, they can provide answers or explain a specific social spectacle. Social theories can help clarify and predict the way the social world works. The three major sociological perspectives are functionalism, the conflict theory, and the symbolic interaction theory. Each theory is different and can help answer many questions about human behavior in a social world. Functionalism One of the major sociological perspectives is Functionalism. Functionalism is centered around the work of Herbert Spencer, Emile Durkheim, and Robert Merton. Functionalism is described as a system of connected parts that are designed to achieve …show more content…

He saw similar properties between society and the human body. He also claimed that just like various body systems work together to keep the body functioning, society has different structures that work together to keep society functioning (Spencer 1898). Emile Durkheim is another sociologist who used Herbert Spencer’s theory to explain the change in society. He believed that society is a very intricate system of interrelated and interdependent parts that work together to maintain stability (Durkheim 1893). This ensures that the social world is held together by shared values and languages. He wrote the Division of Labor. Robert Merton a sociologist in functionalism each interrelated structure has a manifest or latent function. Manifest functions are functions that are intended and have obvious consequence. With this being said, manifest functions are specifically understood by people. They are deliberate and conscious. While latent functions are unintended and the consequences are not as clear. These types of functions are not openly stated, predictable or intended by the individuals involved. Both of these functions go hand in hand in sociology because you can’t have one without the other. The Conflict

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that social theories provide us with a new perspective in the social world. the three major sociological perspectives are functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interaction theory.
  • Explains that the symbolic interaction theory is generalized around the bigger picture of society like schools, or small groups.
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