Hephaestus for one, is unable to support Prometheus’s lamentation about Zeus’s excessive power and so does Hermes, son of Zeus, owing to his family loyalty. Hermes supports Zeus’s actions and affirms the Prometheus “wronged the gods in furnishing honors to mortals” which implies that to hold the element of fire is a right born solely by Zeus, Hephaestus and other worthy gods. On the other hand, Zeus is a strong, albeit authoritarian leader for both the other gods and mortals. Zeus is required to rule, sometimes absolutely, and when someone under his rule commits an act of treason, he is required to address the issue. When Zeus the leader acts forcefully, the rest of those under his reign will get the message.
The gods use their insight to affect Oedipus’ life, family and city. Although the gods do not initially favor Oedipus, his kingdom sees him as a noble ruler. Oedipus’ pride prevents him from seeing the truth and this leads to his great fall. His pride forces him to kill his father because he refuses to pay a toll and give up the right of way. Oedipus is so blinded by his pride that he can not accept the fact that he can not avoid his fate placed upon him by the gods.
Brutus had good intentions but his ignorance made him make not the best decisions. He had made many ignorant decisions because he did not want to listen to Cassius. The first time Brutus showed this trait was when Cassius warned Brutus many times about the danger of Mark Antony. Brutus simply thinks the good of people, not ever wondering if he does one action, if the other person might retaliate. He let himself get fooled by Mark Antony’s manipulation of words which made Brutus to trust Mark Antony even more.
In many ways, Greek gods are very much like human. They exhibit different emotions and act according to their own desires. According to Mike Webster from the Grand Valley State University, Greek gods “act capriciously, frivolously, and even immorally, that they are not particularly heroic, and that they lack the religious seriousness we might expect from a god”. These qualities that the Greek gods possess enable them to develop a deeper connection to the mortal world that gods from other religions usually do not and for the Greeks to relate to their gods more personally. In many myths, gods mingle in the world of mortals and interact directly with them.
(Homer I, 48-62) While it is true that men have faults that cause their troubles, the gods often have a hand in creating these dilemmas—whether out of their own whims or out of retribution for wrongs done by humans in the past. Humans and gods share equal responsibility for the fate of mankind, with both humans and gods producing struggles and providing support, which is evident in the journey of Odysseus. In his journey, Odysseus is frequently met with obstacles that prolong and disrupt his journey, most of which are created by the gods. An example of this is his captivity on the goddess Kalypso’s island. She keeps him there of her own will despite his opposition, desiring Odysseus as a mate.
The excerpt shows that in face of Agamemnon 's humiliation of depriving him of his glorious gift, Achilles search for help from his mother Thetis, which may be seen as a cunning action from the point of view of the modern readers for he does not fully depend on his own power. It is also the starting point of Zeus ' intervention in the whole story of the Iliad, which leads to the death and vain struggle of other heroes. The reader may also be a bit envious for they are not born to be a special person as Achilles did. The envy turns out to be the increase of negative opinions on Achilles. The same pattern may be applied to Paris, who is also supported by gods most of the time.
She also often helps Telemachus--as when she sends him off to Pylos and Sparta to earn a name for himself--but she has the most affection for Odysseus. Athena is confident, practical, clever, a master of disguises, and a great warrior, characteristics she finds reflected in Telemachus. Despite this, there are gods who try to harm Odysseus and Telemachus. Poseidon despises Odysseus for blinding his son, the Cyclops Polyphemus, and constantly hampers his journey home. He sends them violent storms during their sea voyage.
In return, Polyphemus curses Odysseus and makes his journey hard and treacherous. Odysseus let his pride cloud his judgment and this led to him acting like a madman and openly challenging a monster, which makes his travels home a great deal longer. Anyone in his right mind would know better than to insult a monster, especially the son of a God whose help you a... ... middle of paper ... ...hat no human is perfect. Odysseus seems like the ideal man: brave, strong, handsome, and intelligent, however, every human has their flaws, just like Odysseus had his. However, with the help of the Gods, a human can get out of any problem, whether it is big or small.
While Odysseus was disguised as an old beggar he took a beating of verbal insults from the suitors by the approval of the gods, "Yet Athena allowed the haughty suitors not altogether yet to cease from biting scorn. She wished more pain to pierce the heart of Laertes son, Odysseus" (180). Athena’s intention is to let Odysseus realize how the citizens of Ithaca and his family were treated by the suitors and place even more revenge in his heart. Throughout the testing by the gods Odysseus grows spiritually and proves to be a smart and powerful opponent. Like every persons journey, Odysseus grew stronger on the inside, where it counts the most.
Odysseus’ reveals his impulsiveness just after he blinds and escapes the cyclops. In his elation and arrogance, he reveals his identity to the blind cyclops. He then continues to taunt the creature, angering the cyclops. Poseidon, the cyclops’ father, then curses Odysseus, “[swearing] Odysseus should reach his own country again only after long misery and [the loss of] all his men” (Hamilton 306). Although he is cunning and clever, Odysseus’ pride consumes him, and he carelessly submits to his impulse to gloat, causing a god with the ability to follow through on his threats to impede on his journey.