2.6 DISADVANTAGES OF AUTOMATION AND CURRENT LIMITATIONS • Even the most advanced automation system may have technical limitations. • Unemployment rate increases due to machines replacing humans. • There may be security threats, vulnerability and errors due to limited intelligence. • Unpredictable R&D costs and high initial investment. Many roles for humans in industrial processes presently, lie beyond the scope of automation.
Inventory management is the management of materials in the form of parts or stock in any form internal of the plant and the stability to the external of the demand which is about the flow of materials. Contemporary manufacturing models require high productivity and the ability of companies to respond to the unstable market environment. There are most of the industries in high competition leads to a way to advance the manufacturing process and to build their own inventory management layout accordingly. It is very crucial to the layout such an inventory structure that they accommodate to variation in demand, exclusively when companies consider with multiple goods. Inventory management initial from the acquisition of raw materials manufactured
These include the principles of lean management, flexible system production, also called the Japanese management system, total quality management, just-in-time inventory control, leaderless work groups; globalization of consumer goods markets, faster production life cycles, as well as intensive product/market segmentation and differentiation (Hounshell, 1984). Analysis As modern organizations grew larger, skills become increasingly fragmented and specialized and positions become more functionally differentiated. (Hardy & Clegg, 1996). The best organizations/suppliers continuously update and upgrade their service deliveries in order to answer the demands of their customers. Customers have the ever-increasing demand on getting their hands into the new products which can lead to change in supplier if expectations are not met.
For production of this range of products the company using latest updated technology and a different new manufacturing machines. Which produce a number of products with in a seconds by using this advance technology machines we can save the time and increase production rate Governance mechanism: governance on the enterprise architecture is crucial for this organization. Because by following sequence procedures we can achieve our goals and vision, so in my chosen organization the governance must be maintained in production, nature, sales and capacity Agility; producing a good products within the time is very important to my organization. Because in the universe the population increasing rapidly and vehicles rate also increasing and the vehicle usage rate also increasing. so we have to supply the products according to the trade.so we must be fast in production Flexibility; flexibility means by maintain a good relationship with dealers and encourage dealers by offering a rewards the dealers who reach their target and increase the margin of dealers.
The globalization of the economy, and the associated heightened competition, lead to higher demands on efficiency, quality, flexibility and the innovative capacity of businesses. Consequently, the demands on the primary business process continuously heightened. Complex cases could be calculated, for example the influence of certain investments on the cost of sales of a product. The senior management of businesses quickly learned to weigh the relevant options for each innovation process. Due to the quick developments in the primary processes, it was inevitable that the secondary (supporting) processes had to develop as well.
Planning system uses the reason about actions as an essential component to solve many practical problems. For example, in most manufacturing, there is a trend to higher capitalization in plant, smaller batch sizes and tighter controls on inventories. All these trends argue for computer control of the manufacturing process which requires reasoning about actions at almost every level, from process routing, to setting up the job shop. In competitive markets with small batch sizes, manufacturers must be able to reconfigure in response to shifts in customer demands for products and to contractual obligations. Mathematical modeling and operations-research techniques, while appropriate for long range predictions, cannot accomplish shorter-term tactical planning when it is important to have a clear understanding of the ... ... middle of paper ... ...r produces a world model that satisfies the goal.
Perhaps the most important changes occurred in the organization of work. The typical enterprise expanded and took on new characteristics. In general, production took place within the firm or the public enterprise instead of the family or manor. Tasks became increasingly routine and specialized. Industrial production became heavily dependent upon the intensive use of capital-equipment produced for the express purpose of increasing efficiency.
In a world of advanced technology and processes, equipment designed for heat transfer and fluid flow is used everywhere. Several obstacles are faced when making products in an industrial environment. These include product quality, maximum quantity, and being safe when making these products. Many things are taken into effect when producing products. The products need to be made as fast as possible at the best price and then sold after that.
This is very difficult for the manufacturing companies in implementation stage. • Manufacturing the process design also faces the same challenge in the optimization of the product (ARAUJO, JOSÉ AUGUSTO DA ROCHA DE; Costa, Reinaldo Pacheco da, 2004, p. 4). • Next is the manufacturing where quality analysis will get changed and pose as a great challenge of any product to pass the quality teams norms. This will consume more time and will increase the wastage. • The spectrum is from the customer service point of view, by changing the terms and conditions for improving the customer satisfaction may end up in company facing more issues in long-run.
Scheduling is to simply assign a set of jobs to a set of machines with respect to operational constraints such that optimal usage of available resources is obtained. Because of the growing cost of raw material, labour, energy and transportation, scheduling plays an essential role in planning and operation of manufacturing systems, and it is one of the most important issues for survival in the modern competitive market place. Scheduling jobs on unrelated parallel machines are common in many manufacturing environments, such as in semiconductor manufacturing (Kim et al.  , Wang et al. ), the spinning of acrylic fibers for production in the textile industry Silva and Magalhaes , in steel making industry Pan et al.