Feudalism was introduced in the medieval period of time. The Middle Ages brought about the rise of a governmental system known as feudalism. Although the type of system was new it quickly became very popular. Feudalism was a system of cooperation among peoples which was basically an exchange of land. In this system there was no coin currency involved. An aristocrat, a person of upper class nobility, would give vassals, men who would give protection to the lord in exchange for land, land in exchange for military service to the lord. These type of feudal agreement was only done by the upper class of society such as noblemen. This system was of great assistance to the rulers of the middle ages. It helped them bring order to the nations. Feudalism started in Northern Europe and spread through out the continent. It was most strongest in Europe. It was in 700 A.D when feudalism began and was probably at its strongest point in the 900's up to the 1200's. By the 1500's it was gone after serving its purpose.
In the country of England feudalism was introduced to the country by William I after he had defeated Harold at the Battle of Hastings. After being introduced to England, feudalism became a way of life in Medieval England and stayed that way for many centuries. William I known better as William the Conqueror had defeated the English army lead by Harold but in order to truly be called king of England he had to gain control of the country as well. William I had to use force in order to get and maintain his control of England since he was not very popular among the people of England. The defeat of Harold at the Battle of Hastings by William I occurred in 1066 which meant that feudalism began in England in or close to the year 1066.
... middle of paper ...
...o get a hold of land. The nobles that were given land had to swear an oath of loyalty to William I. They had to agree. The nobles ha to collect taxes in their area and provide the lord with soldiers if and when told to do so. If the nobles were to ever break the oath it was believed that they would be condemned to Hell that is why many nobles did not ever dare even think of breaking and oath after agreeing to one. Feudalism in England began in 1066 and disappeared from the country around the 1500. The reason for feudalism ending in England included most peasants shifting from the country to towns where they eventually bought their freedom. The nobles became weaker therefore the kings took back their lands and power and feudalism slowly began its way out of the country. While England had a feudal government feudalism in the country had several strong and weak points.
A cruel cycle in which the rich people maintain control and the poor people are trapped with no way to rescue themselves, feudalism is a hierarchical market system. The people with money in Men With Guns are the landlords, the owners of the plantations. These people obviously control the land that they own as well as the profit from the output their land produces, but they also control the government, the army, and consequently, the common people. This near omnipotent control forces the common people into a feudal relationship.
Imagine having to keep a promise to support a lord for exchange for land. Or having to work on land in transaction for protection and a bit of the harvest for your family. This is one effect of the rules of feudalism and the manor system (OI). For Europeans in the Middle Ages, the social, political and economic lives were influenced by the feudal system.
The rise of feudalism in Europe has also been debated about by historians. A feudal society may have formed in the later Merovingian dynasty where a variety of capitularies slowly made the peasant more reliant, and subservient to his lord. Tho...
Although scholars dispute its roots, Feudalism was mostly seen in Frankish lands around the 9th and 10th century. ("Feudalism: History of Feudalism in Europe." Infoplease.) The system was first introduced as a means of protection for the king. However, as time grew the opportunity to use it as means of exchange for services between the king and vassal was found. Instead of just forcing people into the king’s army the idea of giving fiefs to those who would pledge their life to service the king was decided on. Likewise, vassal, or the knights saw the advantages they had that could be used to their advantage.
Everyone had a place in a feudal society. Below the Monarchs were the most powerful lords-Dukes and Counts- who held the largest fiefs. Each of these lords had vassals in turn they had their own vassals. Sometimes a lord was also a vassal to a more powerful lord but had less powerful ones below him. Because vassals often held fiefs from more than one lord feudal relationships grew very complex. A vassal who pledged loyalty to several lords could have serious problems if his lords quarreled with one and other.
Medieval feudalism had occurred because of the political disorder that the end of the Roman Empire left behind as well as the invasions and rise of barbarian empires like The Carolingians . These changes in western Europe had created a scrambled political system and a new system had to grow out of it. When the roman empire disappeared, the way it governed and reformed the places it ruled, had gone with it. So without a political system to follow there is no order whatsoever. As the roman empire disintegrated invasions and civil wars had become greater . All these invasions from barbarians had caused kingdoms to grow for these invaders. One out of the many barbaric kingdoms are The Carolingians. This empire had tried many tactics to create stable system within the land but civil wars didn’t allow it to create political stability. So like the roman empire , the Carolingian Empire had to be divided and that didn’t make anything better. Feudalism was the only political stability that can be used because all the factors had built up to it.
When I think of the development of early Medieval European culture, after having read the chapter, along with references from a few websites, the first thing that comes to mind is Feudalism. Feudalism is the dominant social system of Medieval Europe, in which a group referred to as nobility exchanged the use of their land for military service. Feudalism seems to be a fundamental idea in the area of social order or an early form of systematic government. According to the text, it was adopted from the Roman custom of patronage.
Feudalism is a system depending on loyalty and obligations of all the levels, meeting the needs of its people because everyone would benefit in some way. The Hundred Years war was the start of the decline of feudalism through its military by changing what the Lord’s needed the military to have and as a result, making the lower class wealthier and more powerful. Every class had an important role that needed to be filled for feudalism to meet all of the people’s needs. King Edward the third died without a direct heir, leaving the lands of France unclaimed. The King of England tried to claim the land and as a result, started a 116 year long war that went on for many lifetimes. Proving your worth will get you to be well known, for instance, Edward the black prince said "My father is right. I need no aid. My men will hold their post as long as they have strength to stand." And then he rode where the battle was still furiously raging, and encouraged his men. The king of France led his force a number of times against the prince's line, but could not break it and was at last compelled to retire (Richardson)
The primary motive behind creating this organization was to render protection to the people since the government was unable to do so. Instead of depending on the Government as their defense, people resorted to finding a powerful lord who could grant protection in exchange for services. The contract sworn by both the lord and the vassal became the foundation for this social organization, which would later be known as feudalism. This contract affirmed the loyalty of the vassals to their lord. This custom, known as vassalage, was first practiced by Germanic societies. Ultimately a vassal would fight for his lord and the lord...
During the Middle Ages, feudalism served as the “governing political, social, and economic system of late medieval Europe.” Feudalism consisted of feudal liege lords giving land and protection to vassals, common men, in exchange for their allegiance and military service. Although this principle may at first sound like a fair trade, it in actuality restricted the entire society and took away every bit of their independence. In essence, this system could even be compared to a “mini-dictatorship” because the common people relied on ...
The feudal system was a political, military, and economic system based on the holding of land. The system was developed since the whole entire basis of rule from all the civilizations before the Middle Ages was lost. Early Europe was in desperate need of such a system since they were constantly being raided by the Vikings and other outsiders.
Feudalism was a set of political and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the 9th and 15th centuries (“Feudalism”). “The feudal system was not planned but, rather grew and developed in response to the social chaos that followed the fall of the Western Roman Empire. It provided order where there no longer was any, and it created new chains of command to replace those that were gone” ( James 58). Feudalism was introduced by King William I to England; this system organized power, land, and divided people into classes. The king, who owned all the land, gave some land to the church and to the barons in return for large blocks of land, the barons promised to fight for the king. Lent land to the knights and also common people (Susie 5). Feudalism test was also to defend against invaders (John 32). In the absence of centralized government authority, people look to personal relationships to bind society together. An individual with military power to offer gave his services to a feudal lord (Hay 170). Feudalism was created to put society, land, and power into order. In the economic system, landlords would force laborers to work on the lord’s manor to the lord’s profit (Medieval 65).