Female Genital Mutilation

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Females as a general population have been faced with discrimination across the ages. In recent history, women have begun to assert their freedom and independence from the male oriented traditions that have spanned generations. In industrialized countries the discrimination of women has diminished, but a serious form of violation of human rights occurs sometimes in parts of the world, such as Africa, the Middle East, and even sometimes the United States and other industrialized countries in North America and Europe. Female genital mutilation (FGM) is an umbrella term for three subtypes of crimes committed against women as a part of various coming of age rituals for young girls in certain patriarchal communities in Africa, spreading through migration of a populace through Northeastern and Western Africa and some spread into the Middle Eastern countries. These communities integrated this practice into women through marriage into these cultures, spreading this practice into their daughters and so forth. FGM has been classified by the World Health Organization (WHO) into three basic subtypes, each growing more and more disturbing. Subtype number one is a clitoridectomy which is the complete or partial removal of the clitoris, while subtype two it includes the clitoridectomy plus the removal of the labia minora of the young girl. Alone, these two types of FGM composed approximately 90 percent of female genital mutilation. The third subtype is the most gruesome that is the narrowing the vagina opening by sealing the orifice with the use of the labia majora. These medical procedures have been described the WHO working in conjunction with United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Joint Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Un...

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...e tradition could be removed from the world. For one day, little girls will not worry about having their privacy breached by a cultural practice that has been transformed as an unnecessary procedure, bringing more harm than good to the little girl. The young girl will not worry about the social stigma brought on by not have the procedure done, and she will one day marry a man who will not want the olden tradition of female genital mutilation.

Works Cited

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Daniels, Ugo. (2007, June 09). Gender inequality in africa.

Retrieved from http://www.africanloft.com/gender-inequality-in-africa/

Eller, Cynthia. (2000). The Myth of matriarchal prehistory.

New York, New York: Beacon Press.

Hunter gatherers and the golden age of man. (2008).

Retrieved from http://www.raw-food-health.net/HunterGatherers.html

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