Federalist No.10’s Faction and Direct Vs. In Direct Democracy

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In Federalist No.10, James Madison discusses his theories about faction. In doing this, he persuades the new Constitution and how it should be enacted. He believed factions were the number one cause of the failure of the Articles of Confederation. The definition of a faction is a group of people forming a minority group within a larger group, to seek some goal within a political party or government. Madison describes faction differently in Federalist No.10, but in actuality the definitions have the same meaning. Madison’s definition is derived from a listing of requirements. Requirement number one indicates that factions are determined by the number of citizens. Citizens of a government share a common interest which makes them a particular minority group. The second requirement notes that the group of citizens must be united and actuated. This simply means that this group of citizens must come together out of motivation of a common interest. The third requirement suggests that the common interest of the group of citizens must by contrary or against the right or interest of other citizens, within the community. Madison believed that the causes of a faction emanate from the meaning of the “have and have not’s.” Madison describes that this issue has been embedded within the society. The most common source of a faction is the rights of property. During his time, conflict had arisen immensely, due to unequal distribution of property. The failure of the Article of Confederation is his evidence. Without a solution, this source of faction will exist. “The latent causes of faction are thus sown in the nature of man(Madison p.746).” The right to practice religion, fortune and property ownership are some of the many interest citizens eli... ... middle of paper ... ... democracies, minority groups interest are not just dismissed but are actually compromised. They are compromised by legislature placing regulations on certain interest. Although no one government system is perfect, Madison’s views on government systems helped depict which type would work out better for our society. Federalist No.10 not only gives warning about outcomes that may occur within a society without the constitution, but also gives guidance on how to become a more civil. Works Cited Barbour, Christine., Wright, Gerald C. (2009). Keeping the Republic. (4th ed.). Indiana University: CQ Press Haider-Markel, Donald P., Lindman, Kara and Querze, Alana(Jun., 2007), Lose, Win, or Draw?: A Reexamination of Direct Democracy and Minority Rights Political Research Quarterly Vol. 60, No. 2 pp. 304-314 Retrieved From http://www.jstor.org/stable/4623831

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