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I used two different views of federalism and illustrated how both of them put boundaries on the Prime Minister’s power. Next I explain the powers of the governor general, and explained the ability to dissolve parliament in greater detail. Last I analyzed how the charter of rights of freedoms has limited the Prime Minister’s power with respect to policy-making, interests groups and the courts. The Prime Minister does not have absolute power in Canadian society, there are many infringements on the power that they have to respect.
“The Facebook Effect: Online Campaigning in the 2008 Canadian and US Elections.” Policy Options (October 2008): 85-87. Whitaker, Reg. The Government Party: Organizing and Financing the Liberal Party of Canada, 1958-1980. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1977. Whitaker, Reg.
(2000). The Clarity Act debate in the House of Commons. Canadian Parliamentary Review, 23(2), 20-30. Retrieved from http://proxy4.vaniercollege.qc.ca:2096/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CA30049448&v=2.1&u=vaniercol&it=r&p=GPS&sw=w Malcolmson, P., & Myers, R. (2009). The Canadian Regime: An Introduction to Parliamentary Government in Canada (4th ed.).
As Bakvis writes, “the transformation of Canada’s university system… came about largely through the effort of the federal government alone,” (Bakvis 205). There are a few key abnormalities to this statement, one being pertinent to the CA 1867. When one looks at the constitution, under sections 91 and 92, anyone remotely well-versed in Canadian politics would know that those two sections outline w... ... middle of paper ... ...210). To conclude, in the present Canadians are seeing change in PSE funding policies begin to come from the provinces. Due to the fact that “when Ottawa went against the grain and launched the Millennium Scholarship programs, provincial feathers, especially Quebec’s, were immediately ruffled,” provinces such as Quebec and British Columbia, among others, were motivated to “set up their own research funding agencies with the view to [maximize] the likelihood of obtaining funds from Ottawa,” (Bakvis 216).
Whether a country has a parliamentary or presidential system, whether it is democratic or autocratic, political parties exist and flourish all over the world. One of the major ways that parties in various countries differ is by the way that the leadership enforces the rest... ... middle of paper ... ...he way of their party. The second impact was the rise of smaller, regional parties, particularly in the late 1980’s and early 1990’s. The third influence discussed was having many Canadians vote based on party, and not based on the local MP. After looking at the influences that strict party discipline has had, the discussion over whether to relax party discipline was examined.
One significant tool the prime minister possesses is “… the power to make a multitude of senior governmental and public service appointments both at home and abroad,” (Mellon 164). Mellon goes on to state the significance the prime minister has when allowed to appoint the government’s key member... ... middle of paper ... ...n of their cabinet, while others may choose to create a new political path without consulting the views of their party. Mellon thinks that the Canadian government is under dictatorial scrutiny, whereas Barker contradicts this belief. The idea of a prime-ministerial government is certainly an over exaggeration of the current state of Canada. There are too many outside and inside forces that can control the powers the Prime Minister of Canada.
A federation is a type of sovereign state in which a number of smaller self-governing states are united by a federal government (Watts)1. However, all federations are not made equal. There exists a great amount of variation between federal states on a number of functional areas. The aspect of federalism that this paper will address is power centralization. The two countries that will be compared are Austria and Canada.