Changing ideologies in the people can affect the proportions of the representative house and the policies that are accepted and carried out by the masses. The next important attribute to consider is the government’s ability to implement policies that they have passed. If these policies are against public opinion they will have a difficult time implementing them since they do not have an authoritarian or absolute rule. The government mus... ... middle of paper ... ... a two party system which is less effectual at encompassing so many changing views, but this is still counted as having a multiple party political system. The competitive air is still present but is stunted from the full potential of political expression that it could be if there were more than two parties in the running.
In the comparison of interest and pressure groups it is apparent that although they created resentment in the inner layers of government, they were necessary to the development and progress of the political system. According to David B. Truman in the excerpt from The Governmental Process he demonstrates the need, influence and the importance of containment of lobby groups. Although lobby groups are separated into organized groups and unofficial groups, he considers them both equally important and dangerous interest groups. Through his writings he also demonstrates his opinion that political parties are only a large form of an interest group. Political parties don’t have as many concurrent attitudes because of its influence on impressionable people and its size, but nevertheless it is an interest group.
These institutions play a large part in the challenge of democracy, but not by themselves. They show through the microscope of political culture. Political culture can be described as the set of beliefs and opinions people share about their government and social responsibilities. In the United Kingdom, it can be measured by what people think of the government and what they are doing to improve it. These problems play the largest role in the challenges because they are affected by all three compartivist ideas.
My Own Understanding of Politics “A means by which individuals and interest groups compete to shape government’s impact on society’s problems and goals.” Politics is easily defined. It is the concept behind the words that is more difficult to understand. Though politics is the primary method of communicating with government, this is not the only time politics are used. Immediate, individual interests, wants, and needs must be satisfied, as well as societal problems. The pursuit of interest is the purpose and initiation of political behavior.
This can be contrasted with the newer thinking (and to a lesser extent, the practice) within governments and the bureaucracy of insisting that public organisations must demonstrate more foresight, responsiveness, innovation and prudent risk taking, while being granted more authority and freedom from rules and procedures and held more strictly accountable for results. In short, the negative blaming approach typically followed in parliament does not fit well with the more constructive, learning approach being promoted within the APS. The role of partisanship in parliament is controversial. For some commentators competition among parties provides the incentives and energy which drive the parliamentary process and ensure that the deficiencies in performance of governments are revealed. Critics see prevailing partisan approaches to the enforcement of political accountability as too ritualistic, narrow, negative and theatrical.
Interest groups represent the citizens’ interests and views, while expressing their own needs as well. They are the link between people and politics, giving a way for the public to voice their opinions. Members of interest groups use different tactics to basically impose their wants or needs onto the government by lobbying, educating, and campaigning. Lobbyists advocate on behalf of the group's interests. Lobbying can be done directly or indirectly, and can be aimed at any branch or level of government.
Political pluralism can therefore be explained as the dispersion of power to avoid any single group dominate in the decision-making policies; however, there is political pluralism only if social pluralism, defined as a wide variety of interest groups, together with political freedoms and democratic political institutions exists. It is also referred in Schwarzmantel's work as pluralism as 'specific institutional arrangements for distributing and sharing governmental power'. Pluralists support this theory by arguing that if power is concent... ... middle of paper ... ... increasingly trying to become more outstanding and to be better off than the others and thus becoming more ruling elite, not to mention arguably they have always been. Bibliography Dunleavy, Patrick, Theories of the State, London: The Macmillan Press Ltd, 1987. Jones, Bill, et al., Politics UK, Edinburgh: Pearson Education Limited, 2001.
In democratic societies where debates usually occur before elections, political campaigns encourage not only free election, but also considerable investments through advanced management tools. Electoral campaigns have shown a great importance in terms of a politicians disclosure strategies and the decisiveness of voters. Political campaigns, as method of communication to the general public is an important element in the electoral process, especially concerning gaining the support of the voters. Research on political campaigns has revealed that during elections, some politicians’ exhibit negligence concerning requirements and needs of some voters. According to A. Holdbrook, “politicians may not pander to the public when it comes to the policies that they advocate, but there is evidence that they at least attempt to pander to the emotions of the electorate during political campaigns” (15).
The purpose of this essay to compare the USA and the United Kingdom in terms of two party system and also discuss their differences and similarities. Defining a party is hard and up until today many people have tried to define in a certain framework. If necessary to summarize meaning of the political party, the political parties are institutions that gather people under same ideological roots, people who have certain beliefs and believe same particular principles what government should be or should not be or how government behave. The political parties want to have control of the government, to capture and use political office. They use legitimate means such as elections.
People join pressure groups to show their support for a particular issue and to join with other like-minded people in trying to influence our politicians. Some people feel working in a group like this means they have a louder voice in getting their message across. There are many positive and negative factors of pressure groups on a democracy. Positive factors of pressure groups are they are effective channels of communication between the people and the government, the groups provide detailed and valuable information on areas of economic and social activity and so help the government towards making better decisions. They will listen to the views of different people and can make a decision about what the general feeling is on the topic in question.