Explain The Physiological And Psychological Responses To Injury

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Physiological and Psychological responses to injury
In this report I will be describing and explaining the physiological and psychological responses to injury. If you injure yourself while playing sport the injury is a sports injury. They can occur from a complete accident, or some can result from poor equipment or insufficient training. You can also get a sports injury if you don’t warm up or stretch enough before exercise or playing sport.

Physiological Responses
Damaged tissue

Primary damage responses to injury
When you sustain a sports injury, inflammation begins almost immediately. It is the body’s attempt to eliminate harm and to begin the healing process. The body is trying to dispose of the dead tissue and trying to promote the renewal of new, healthy tissue.
There are 5 main primary signs …show more content…

Our body has little pieces of blood cells called platelets that will begin to gather at the site of the injury and begin the clotting process. These platelets will form a plug-like structure that will close over the opening in the blood vessel and stop the bleeding. See figure 2. Clotting is also known as coagulation. It begins almost instantly after a blood vessel is injured/damaged. In coagulation blood changes from its natural liquid form to a gel-like form therefore resulting in haemostasis.
What is Haemostasis? Haemostasis is the cessation of blood from leaving a damaged/injured blood vessel, and then followed by repair.
There are three stages of coagulation:
1) The formation of Prothrombinase. When liquid blood comes into contact with certain molecules the formation of an enzyme called Prothrombinase is stimulated.
2) Prothrombinase converts prothrombin (a plasma protein which is created within the liver) into another enzyme called Thrombin.
3) Thrombin converts Fibrinogen is converted into Fibrin which forms the scaffolding-like structures that forms a clot and eventually a

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