In the early 1800s the United States started their goal of the westward expansion. The idea of Manifest Destiny helped Americans to advance their civilization all the way to the opposite ocean being the Pacific Ocean, and even try getting down in Mexico and other parts of Central America. But with the fast developing economy, America started to look to other
After temporarily resolving the problems of Reconstruction and Industrialization, Americans began to resume the course of expansion. The horrors of the Civil War had interrupted the original Manifest Destiny that began in the 1840s. Now, as pioneers settled the last western frontiers, expansionists looked yet farther to the west -- toward Asia and the Pacific. American ships had long been active in the Pacific. The New England whaling fleets scoured the ocean in search of their prey. As ships crossed the vast ocean to trade in Asia, islands in the Pacific became important stops for coal, provisions, and repairs. In the South Pacific, the American navy negotiated with awestruck natives for the rights to build bases on the islands of Midway and Samoa. This practice had been going on for a while. The Hawaiian Islands, which lie closest to the American mainland, had long been an important stop for the Pacific fleet.
In contrary to America's earlier beliefs, however, the race for expansion became more of a global competition than that of controlling the surrounding lands. Other countries were quickly scooping the remaining uncontrolled territories up, and America felt that they needed to stake their clam in imperialism around the world. The cartoon presented in document "A" shows how all the European countries were picking away at the lands still open for taking. In addition to the sense of "catching up" with the other nations around the world. America also felt that they were more powerful than ever, with the addition of an improving navy, turning their attention to the seas for conquer. During the earlier attempts of expansion, America had virtually no navy, which made oversea conquest out of their reach, leaving them only the surrounding areas for taking.
Expansion of a nation was nothing new in terms of history. The fighting, buying and selling of land in North America was a common event during the 1800s. The United States had started expanding in 1803 with President Thomas Jefferson’s purchase of the Louisiana Territory whose borders where not clearly defined. After the War of 1812 with the British, the northern border of this territory was defined at the 49th parallel. Then in 1819, Spain sold its claim to Florida to the United States. The United States wanted to continue to expand itself westward to the Pacific Ocean, a territory then owned by Mexico. The acquirement of this territory occurred after the Mexican War. How the territory was acquired by the United States is the topic in question.
Americans’ idea of expansion was one of the most controversial topics of the 1800’s. Naturally, there were two sides to this argument and they were both strongly defended. Those who were for expansion expressed the hopes of spreading the riches of religion to different territories in the country. Opponents desired for the country to be left alone following the theory of, “if its not broken don’t fix it”. Thus, the government had their hands full with the ongoing debate of territorial expansion.
During the years surrounding James K. Polk's presidency, the United States of America grew economically, socially, and most noticeably geographically. In this time period, the western boundaries of the Untied States would be expanded all the way to the Pacific Ocean. Many Americans in the 19th century believed that the acquisition of this territory to the west was their right and embraced the concept of "Manifest Destiny". This concept was the belief that America should stretch from sea to shining sea and it was all but inevitable. Under the cover of "Manifest Destiny", President Polk imposed his views of an aggressive imperialistic nation. Imperialism is the practice of extending the power and dominion of a nation by direct territorial acquisitions over others, and clearly America took much of this land by force rather than peaceful negotiations with other nations. Polk acquired three huge areas of land to include: the Republic of Texas, the Oregon Territory, and the states of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico under the Mexican Cession.
The United States began as a group of 13 colonies controlled by Great Britain. These colonies won their independence in the American Revolution and became a unified country. Since that moment, the United States has been continuously expanding its borders. The Northwest Territory was gained as a result of the American Revolution, the Louisiana Territory was purchased from France, and the lands of California, New Mexico, and Texas were gained after the Mexican-American War. All of these gained lands helped expand the borders of the United States and develop the country into a global force. Expansion into the western lands of the United States became a growing trend in the early 19th century and continued to gain popularity amongst Americans. These lands promised a new start for some people, and for others, an opportunity for great wealth. Western expansion also created conflict between Americans. Competition for the best land, debates over slavery, and conflicts with Indians began to emerge with the increased expansion. The benefits and conflicts associated with western expansion defined the area and its role in America.
The Western United States, Texas, and the northern territories of the Mexican Empire served as an area of expansionist controversy between 1820 and 1860. Expansionism of antebellum America was rooted in a number of current disputes casing it to evolve into a major political issue. Although slavery was a cause of expansion, it was just as important as other; spread of American institutions, Manifest Destiny, and the protection and prosperity of the nation were equally important. Slavery in itself as a cause was rooted in greater causes.
The United States of America, from even before the time of it's founding, had seen far past its borders. This belief, labeled Manifest Destiny, was an explanation or justification for that expansion and westward movement. But as the sprawling country reached the western coast, growing in power and strength, its ideas on expansion shifted. The policies of the late-1800's and early 1900's were not all that different from the policies and ideas of past growth. Yet they did contain new ideas about where to go, how to carry these policies out successfully, and why expansion was justified, which can be understood in the political, economic, and geographical aspects on the expansion
1) In the 1890s, U.S. territory expansion changed from a westward march over contiguous territory meant to be settled; to an Imperialist policy to gain already populated colonies for military bases and trade posts. Prior to 1890, the United States was gaining territory to be settled by Americans and to possibly become future states. The frontier was now populated and opportunity was decreasing. Industrialization had increased productivity, and foreign markets were now essential. Europe was expanding quickly in Africa and Asia and there was concern about access to those markets. There was also a shift in public opinion of imperialism, away from viewing it as contradictory with republican ideals, and towards a moral duty to help backward nations and their people become more like the U.S., better. The U.S. became more involved in foreign affairs because it affected their continued success and growth. The Monroe Doctrine and Pan-Americanism reflected the goal of the U.S. reaching out influence beyond just its borders.
The departure from previous expansionism (up to 1880) developed alongside the tremendous changes and amplifications of United States power (in government, economics, and military.) The growth in strength and size of the United States' navy gave the country many more opportunities to grow, explore, and expand both in size and money. The better range and build of ships allowed the U.S. to enter the far-east "trade and money" lands of the Philippines (eventually a territory) and China. Because of the huge production of agricultural goods and the need for outputs and markets for these goods, the United States needed to find other places for shipping, trading, buying, ...
The 1800’s were a tumult time full of new changes and a booming population. With the American Revolution ending 20 years earlier, the new country was starting to get on its feet. Manifest destiny, or the colonizing belief that America was destined to control all lands west to the Pacific and South to the Rio Grande, was growing popular among citizens and they had to need to not only explore this continent they took over, but to settle new lands.
In the nineteenth century, the Americans had to make the choice between continuing with slavery or expanding west to gather more territory. The Americans decided to explore out west in what is known as the westward expansion. The manifest destiny and the Louisiana purchase contributed to the western expansion and with the expansion, Lewis and Clark were able to explore the land.
One of the largest and most wealthy countries in the world, the United States of America, has gone through many changes in its long history. From winning its independence from Great Britain to present day, America has changed dramatically and continues to change. A term first coined in the 1840s, "Manifest Destiny" helped push America into the next century and make the country part of what it is today. The ideas behind Manifest Destiny played an important role in the development of the United States by allowing the territorial expansion of the 1800s. Without the expansion of the era, America would not have most of the western part of the country it does now.
The views of the U.S. overseas expansion in the late 19th and 20th centuries were very different. They were very different because the U.S. believed in being an imperial power, however the countries overseas did not like the U.S. being an imperial power. To be an imperial power the U.S. would have to expand its U.S. bases to other countries, but the other countries did not like that. In document one, the idea of expanding is promoted as E. E. Cooper, an African American editor of the Washington, D.C., newspaper says "[The war with Spain will result in a] quickened sense of our duty to one another, and a loftier conception of the obligations of government to its humblest citizen...". Therefore document one is for U.S. overseas expansion.