Advancements in technology also boomed because of this trade. Tools such as compasses, astrolabes, and new sails were invented to facilitate the navigation of the waters. Countries took advantage of their natural resources as well, trading their own resources with the recourses of the other countries to make a large profit. Because of Indian Ocean trade in 600 BCE to 1450 CE, on impact on the involved countries was a flourishing in many types of cultures. In Africa, the coast of the continent was heavily influenced by maritime trade.
In this essay I will look at the factors which led to Portugal establishing such a strong position in the Indian Ocean trade. I will look at the importance of technology and the key role this played in both exploration and in military superiority. I will analyse the strategy of the Portuguese in their fortification of their trade routes, military conquest, elimination of rivals and attempts to obtain a monopoly of the Asian spice trade. It is also important to question how successful Portugal were in achieving their strategic aims, and whether their position in the Indian Ocean was as strong as many perceive it to have been. The first half of the 16th Century saw Portugal establish a dominant position in trade through military fortifications of crucial sea passages, however the Portuguese failure to establish a monopoly of the spice trade meant their position as the pre-eminent trading power in Asia was short lived.
Beginning in the 1850’s, European states engaged in an intense scramble for overseas territories. This “new imperialism” led Europeans to carve up parts of Asia and nearly all of Africa and create colonial empires. Within these empires, European states exercised complete political control over the indigenous societies and regularly redrew political boundaries to meet their needs. During the scramble for new markets and territories, the indigenous peoples were often subjugated, dominated and marginalized. In return, countries in Africa and Asia gained the technology and capital that, over a period of time and development, improved their quality of life.
This raised the demand for an isthmian canal. These are the military and strategic exponents that sparked America to... ... middle of paper ... ...rican interests abroad. Taft would use “dollar diplomacy”, and the Roosevelt Corollary in Nicaragua and other Latin American countries to further protect American business investments. The U.S. got a late start in the race for trading rights with China, and with the U.S. now in the Philippines, the race became economically crucial for America. By this time, Great Britain, France, Russia, Germany, and Japan claimed exclusive trading rights with China within their sphere of influence.
The Columbian exchange allowed 3 separate continents to come together and exchange goods that each other needed, thus allowing growth to occur amongst all 3 regions. The idea of the African slave trade allowed a cheap workforce to enter the new world and help establish a base for economics to be conducted and thus expanding European trade throughout their newly acquired colonies. 2. After removing the Mongols from china in the 1350s, the Ming dynasty reestablished their power through the reacquisition of their tribute states in South-East Asia. This allowed China to regain an economic standing within the Pacific and India Ocean trading regions.
The age of exploration lasted from about 1418 to 1620 in the 15th century. In this period, many European explorers made voyages that changed world’s history. Also, trade with the East was difficult and expensive as well. The Muslims and Italians controlled the flow of trade. “Up to the 1400s, European trade with Asian cultures was centered in the Mediterranean Sea and controlled by Muslim merchants who had geographic access to the Orient.
Specific causes A. Britain Britain 's initial concern had been to protect its vital trading routes in the Indian Ocean. The discovery of many valuable raw materials in East Africa showed Britain that in addition to those trade routes, there would be many economic benefits to acquiring land. B. France While Britain was mostly involved in East Africa, France diverted its attention to West Africa. Since France was involved in the slave trade, they had already established control of the coastal regions of Senegal and Algeria. They later moved inland to search for raw materials and markets for their industrial output, because French politicians believed the development of a large overseas empire was imperative to enhancing France’s wealth, prestige, and power.
During this period, Europe sought new sea routes to Asia in pursuit of economic gain, increased glory, and opportunities to spread Christianity. Although these were motivations for explorers, the impact from the discoveries resulted in significant changes and achievements that created possibilities and opened a window to a new world for all of Europe. If were not for the superpowers of Spain, Portugal, England, France, and the Netherlands, the world as we know it would not exist. Leading the way in the exploration of the world was the nation of Spain with a man named Christopher Columbus. Originally intending to find an eastwardly trade route to Asia, Columbus accidently discovered the Americas instead.
European Expansion In the mid and late of the 15th Century, Europe attained control over the globe’s wind patterns and ocean currents and started creating a European-based... ... middle of paper ... ...ates the main events that made England to gain control over the Atlantic and establishing settlements in North America. It also investigates the major events that led to the demise of Spanish power in the Atlantic part of which relates to the control of England. 1942 marked a division in the modern world history. There were a number of developments that would bring enormous effects for the Old and the New World Wars. The discovery of these developments changed the diets of both the western and eastern regions.
The Age of Exploration was one of the most important time periods to have ever impacted the world. The Age of Exploration started in the late 1400’s until the 17th Century. During this time major events take place, such as trading between nations, new sailing routes, and the establishment of the New World. During the Eastern trade at the start of The Age of Exploration, the Italians were making a monopoly by silk, spices, and gold. This began to strike the attention of other European nations and influenced their decision to seek out new routes to the Indies.