At the time the speech was given the United States had already been secretly negot... ... middle of paper ... ... planned to read if the United States was to enter a war. It reads “My fellow Americans, with a heavy heart, and in necessary fulfillment of my oath of office, I have ordered - and the United States Air Force has now carried out - military operations with conventional weapons only, to remove a major nuclear weapons build-up from the soil of Cuba.” John F. Kennedy was prepared to go to war, even to the point of having an announcement speech written. However due to his ability to keep the American people calm while pressuring the Soviet Union; he was able to prevent what could have been the worst war in history. After suffering a major embarrassment and failure at the Bay of Pigs, John F. Kennedy was determined to take a more careful and thorough approach. This approach led to the Cuban Missile Crisis being ended peacefully and a third World War being adverted.
Robert Kennedy’s memoir, Thirteen Days, details the events of the Cuban Missile Crisis through his own eyes. How he himself perceived the action around him and his brother, John F. Kennedy, reacted as well. The Cuban Missile crisis was, to put it mildly, a huge effect on life in the United States. It was during these thirteen days that many people feared the world would come to an end through nuclear warfare. The Soviets were building missiles in Cuba and the United States was trying very hard to diffuse the situation.
The U.S. had just elected President Kennedy two years prior to this very threatening occasion, and every nation thought he was a weak leader who just craved attention. During this time, the Soviets and the U.S. were right in the middle of the Cold War (1947-1991): the period of time when both nations were trying to spread their type of government and become superior, making us enemies. Just a year before the Cuban Missile Crisis, the U.S. had made a failed attempt at invading Cuba at the Bay of Pigs to overthrow their communist dictator, Fidel Castro. Once Russia caught wind of this failed invasion, they quickly jumped at their chance at becoming allies with Castro, and started building nuclear bombs in Cuba. Kennedy had recently placed bombs in Turkey, Russia’s neighbor probably leading the soviets to place some of theirs in Cuba, because of how close it was to America; one nuclear bomb could reach Washington D.C. in 30 minutes.
The Soviets shipped sixty medium-range ballistic missiles (MRBMs) along with their warheads, launch equipment, and necessary operating personnel to Cuba. When United States President, John F. Kennedy discovered the presence of these offensive weapons, he immediately organized EX-COMM, a group of his twelve most important advisors. They spent the next couple of days discussing different possible plans of action and finally decided to remove the US missiles from Turkey and promise not to invade Cuba in exchange for the removal of all offensive weapons in Cuba. On October 28, Khrushchev sent Kennedy a letter stating that he agreed to the terms Kennedy stated, and the crisis ended. The Cuban Missile Crisis can be blamed on the insecurity of Cuba and the Soviet Union.
Robert F. Kennedy informed the ambassador that the United States would closely watch all military activity in Cuba and warned of severe consequences should the Soviets place offensive weapons (Mills 233). President Kennedy apparently did not believe the ... ... middle of paper ... ...were removed and the sites demolished. Khrushchev soon announced that he would concentrate on Russia's economic problems instead of international military matters. He asked for solutions from the West in solving the Berlin dilemma. He thought that "in the next war, the survivors will envy the dead" (Mills 246).
The Cuban Missile Crisis was one of the key events in the Cold War Neely bring us to the brink of thermonuclear war. With the failed Bay of Pigs invasion the Soviets wanted to bulk up Cuba’s defense to resist any further aggression so that they could have a Soviet satellite in the western hemisphere. (cmc article 257) The Soviets told the United States that they were giving Cuba defensive weapons to defend themselves against any further invasion but they also gave Cuba Offensive weapons that could strike into the heart of the United States. This greatly made the government concern about the Soviets and possible first strike capabilities against the United States rendering them unable to fire back. The Soviets were trying to strong arm the United States to limit its capabilities on striking them.
The Cuban missile crisis was a very dangerous episode, bringing the world’s major military powers to the brink of nuclear war. This event was important to world history and to all the main leaders involved. President Kennedy was assassinated shortly after that, but is still regarded as one of the best Presidents in U.S. history mainly because of how he dealt with that event. Fidel Castro and the country of Cuba are not recognized by the U.S. to this day and are still banned from trade. The Soviet Union has collapsed since the Cuban Missile Crisis and is now known as Russia.
For that reason, we had thought the possibility of escalation into a nuclear war was likely, and the Soviets could hit us very hard. However since then, the double agent Penkovskiy had confirmed what our own intelligence had been suggesting: that Soviet nuclear capabilities had been overestimated, and that we held the advantage—evidently one of the reasons why Moscow was putting intermediate and medium range missiles in Cuba. I viewed the existence of the missiles as a serious threat. They could reach any number of targets in the United States in a short time and, since we had set up no southern early warning system, a surprise attack would put us in a difficult position.
This made him very bitter toward the U.S and made him close to the Soviet Union (Swift) . Then on January 1960, when President John F. Kennedy was elected, Castor thought that these threats would stop but he thought wrong. President Kennedy still attempted to destroy Castor but after many fail attempts like the Bay of Pigs and Operation Mongoose, the Kennedy administration was humiliated. Things got heated on April 1962, the Soviet Union began to station... ... middle of paper ... ...he Cuban missiles in exchange for a promise by U.S. leaders not to invade Cuba. The following day, the Soviet leader sent a letter proposing that the USSR would dismantle its missiles in Cuba if the Americans removed their missile installations in Turkey."
Soon enough president Kennedy had to talk to one of their leaders about what are they doing with the missiles and if they do not remove it there will be a war. The Cuban missile crisis happened during the Cold War between the United States of America and the Soviet Union. It was basically a waiting game to see who will make the first move. Evidence: On October 1962, a U.S. spy plane caught Soviet Union moving nuclear missiles into Cuba. After a week of careful discussion with his advisers, President Kennedy then forced a naval blockade which prevented materials from coming in but it did not work for soviets from operating the missiles that were already there.