According to their view, the opium prohibition was merely its precipitating, immediate cause, but not the importance of opium in contributing to the war. It was opium that strained the Sino-British relationship, deepened their quarrels and finally acted as a spark that led to war. Of course, besides opium, there were other underlying causes too; the cultural conflict claimed by the British, may also be one of these causes. ====================================================================== Opium trade was important to both Chinese and the British. For the Chinese, since opium smoking for pleasure was known, there was a growing demand for this drug.
)” (172). In order to keep its power, China needed to make people quite the smoking habit. Chinese’s attitude towards the foreigners is one reason which caused the Opium War. The middle kingdom China did not realize their over-confidence made them step into a dangerous trap. There was a demand for Chinese tea from ... ... middle of paper ... ... families suffered, but also showed Qing Dynasty’s decline point in the history.
The Emperor of China was thought to be the elder brother to all other surrounding kings and emperors. China rarely had any contact with the West until the West turned to China for spices. This type of arrogance embodied by the Chinese proved to eventually hurt them as a society, both internally and externally. In t... ... middle of paper ... ...s”, this began a new stage of imperialism in China. The Opium War not only embarrassed China, but as a consequence, it also had a lot of dramatic social and economic effects as well.
Before the trade of Opium started, Britain was trading silver for silk and tea; although, after a while England had no more silver to give to China. In order to stay close with the main empire and be seen as an equivalent trading partner, England traded Opium which was grown in the Indian subcontinent and then shipped to China. The trade of Opium escalated the violent confrontation between China and Britain, which resulted in short term as well as long lasting effects. After receiving the drug for a while, China’s government and society started to revolve around the effects following the addiction. The drug’s effects hit most of China, including the government and all of society.
The results of the Opium Wars can be considered unfair for China, not only did they have to open ports but they also had to pay for reparations. In general terms, the Sino-British relation started to go badly in 1834 when the British East India Company lost its monopoly over Chinese trade which it used to have. Canton was a really important Chinese port and represented high profits for the British East India Company before the Chinese government decided to close it for foreigners. Some people believe that the loss of this monopoly was the main reason and root that lead to the First Opium War in 1839. Around the 1800s, Britain imports of Tea in average accounted for twenty four million pounds annually (Scott, 23).
The Qing Dynasty of China before the Opium Wars were isolationist and not fond of foreign trade and import. The Opium Wars were two conflicts between China and Britain with disputes over trade and diplomatic relations. The Opium Wars were centered around the British smuggling of opium, a highly addictive drug into China after it was prohibited. The Chinese lost both wars and were forced to sign “unequal” treaties which favored the British. The Opium Wars had many effects on China, but there were more negative effects on China than positive.
The China today – powerful and ever-growing wasn’t always like this. One major event in history around the mid 1800s that we all have seemed to have forgotten was the Opium Wars. What really caused the opium war was when China wanted to halt all trades about opium with the British. The geography of China was something like a fence. This isolation made the people of China feel like their country was prestigious and secluded from the rest of the world.
The opium trade began due to a loss of British silver from the Americas. The Chinese were only exporting goods to Britain and not importing any goods, causing Britain to lose most of its silver. Britain decided to sell the addicting opium, grown in present-day India and Pakistan, to China. As more people became addicted to the drug, the more China had to buy from Britain, and the more silver Britain got back from the Chinese. In 19th century China, there were merits and demerits to the opium trade.
“Coffee, Tea, or Opium?” In “Coffee, Tea, or Opium,” the authors main point is that even at this point in history some rulers felt that drug importation throughout other countries was immoral for their economic and social status. China’s commissioner for foreign trade, Lin Zexu wanted to stop the illegal importation of opium into his country. Lin saw that the opium trade was damaging the publics health and was bleeding China of its wealth. The emperor of Manchu had given Lin extensive power and ordered him to control the demand of China’s people for opium and force the barbarian merchants to cut off the supply. Throughout this article Wilson shows that as the years past the opium use in China grew substantially: “During the trading season of 1816-17, about forty-six hundred 150-pound chests of opium entered China.
The British would smuggle the opium into China causing them to become addicted to opium to make a large profit of tea off of the Chinese. Qing banned the import of Opium, but it was ineffective. The British used the opium to develop an empire on trade. The Chinese saw the western people to be barbarians. They had many inventions that made them superior to the west.