Essay On Stroop Effect

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For examining the influence of age and gender on the Stroop effect, the experimenter adopted the Stroop paradigm. In Stroop paradigm there are three: neutral or control, congruent and incongruent groups. Neutral / control group will receive stimuli in which only the text or colors are presented (van Maanen L, van Rijn H& Borst JP, 2009). When the color of the word and the text of the word refer to the same color (for example the word "red" printed in red) is a congruent stimulus. In Incongruent stimulus, the color of the word and color of the text differ (for example the word "red" printed in blue). The experimental data is in alignment with the earlier experiments done on Stroop effect. The variance in scores of the control group is lesser and insignificant as per the criteria fixed. For the Latency the range of scores for the control group is well within the permitted range of 100 milliseconds. There is no significant difference among the scores of the control group participants. For the congruent group in latency, the score ranged in milliseconds, indicating the existence of differences in the experimental groups. Similarly, for the incongruent group, the sores also range in milliseconds, again indicating effect of variables. In the case of the correctness of the responses, the variance in control group data is lesser and insignificant. For congruent group and incongruent group the variance is above the accepted criteria indicating the influence of variables on the Stroop effect. Another observation that is in line with the earlier experiments is; the lower percentage of correctness and higher latency for the incongruent group. The experimental findings on Stroop tests are likely to be recurrent (van Maanen L, van Rijn H &... ... middle of paper ... ...ffect. This theory suggests that recognizing and naming colors is not an “automatic process”. The attention need to be shifted from word to recognition of color; and there is hesitancy to respond; whereas, reading a word is habitual. The brain automatically understands the meaning and the phonetics of the word. The habituation of the reading task does not require controlled attention. Hence it is easier to read a word than to recognize the color of the word. More than theorizing on the phenomenon of Stroop effect, there is application value to this study. The experimental data and observations in the current study are very vital that it can be applied in many situations where the correctness is important than the speed. This information has the widest application in selection of individuals in occupations requiring instance data processing and correct responses.

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