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    Attention And Attention In Performance Essay

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    Cognition and Attention in Performance There has been a long history of attention within psychology for the last century. According to Posner (1994), the researcher William James stated, "Everyone knows what attention is, it is the taking possession by the mind in clear and vivid form of one out of what seem several simultaneous objects or trains of thought." Research shows that the “brain stem reticular formation was a necessity to maintain the alert state provided some anatomical reality to the

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    Attention Theories

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    This essay concerns attention and theories that have been proposed for it. Although there is no widely accepted definition of attention there has been many attempts to explain it such as attention refers to selectively focusing on one stimulus and ignoring other aspects of the environment therefore being a limited resource of cognition (in Smith & Kossyln, 2007). Theories implemented into the nature of attention are many and varied and mainly derive from information processing theories. This essay

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    Attention seekers are a good example of someone who is giving an emotional performance to attract others. Like the saying, go talk to them or grab their attention. An action has to be performed to get a response. This is known as overt orienting. However, daydream is not exactly a response, but it is a form of attention. A form of self-created attention to the thought process of something other than what is presently happening in front of them. This is known as covert orienting. Whatever you place

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    Musical Ability and Attention

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    Attention is a complex neural network in the brain that is compromised of alerting, orienting and executive control. Through rigorous research, it has been discovered that these components of attention are not all in the same area of the brain though. Neuroimaging studies have repeatedly supported these findings (Posner and Peterson, 1990). In 2002, Jin Fan invented a test known as the Attentional Network Test, or the ANT for short (Fan et al, 2005). This test gave researchers and scientists a new

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    O’Craven et Al. (1997) challenged the theory of whether earlier cortical areas used in vision processing show the effects of voluntary attention, and specifically did so by testing the effects of voluntary attention on the MT-MST complex which according to past research primarily processes motion elements of stimuli. They tested this specific inference by creating a two paradigm experimental design, one with a fixed stimulus in order to record the modulation of activity based on changes to the stimulus

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    Visual Attention and Motion The human observer is quite efficient at detecting motion. If a target is detectable when still, it becomes even more so when it is in motion. The brain uses multiple cues to help us perceive motion including information from all of our senses. The focus of this paper will be the visual system and how motion is perceived visually. Motion is in part perceived by the changing patterns of light on the retina. This cannot account for total motion perception, however

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    precious information. Of course, the news does not just make itself up; there are people responsible for this madness, people that are seeking attention. There are many, more logical methods of gaining attention such as designing an app or making a new discovery in science. Strangely it appears to me that now people are relying on their children for attention, by giving them outlandish names. Such names include but are certainly not limited to: Apple, Moses, Dweezil, Moon Unit, Diva Muffin, Poppy Honey

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    for the interference; although one is focusing attention on determining the color of the word, the unconscious recognition of the word is presented to consciousness and the relationship between the two stimuli distract the focus of attention. Thus, these top-down attention events effect conscious perception of stimuli. All of the aforementioned literature focuses on visual stimuli. However, this is not the only important stimulus when studying attention systems. Like memory systems, different sensory

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    are faced with the question: what should be processed at each given moment? We think that we see all of the events that happen in front of us but this is not possible. We need attention to see each event, each object, and even to see change. Selection, or the ability to choose one or a few stimuli, is the key point to attention in order to select actions to perform. When you have a clear visual goal in mind, such as to find a blue push pin that has fallen on the ground, a restrictive processing will

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    David Glenn’s “Divided Attention” an article for The Chronical Review, emphasizes the strain of classroom multitasking and detrimental side effects it has the nature of learning, memory and intelligence. In my evaluation of this article I’ve found the Glenn reasoning to be partially accurate, however he neglects to inform the readers on the increasing demand multitasking has placed on students in a new age enhanced by the advancements of technology. In “Divided Attention” Glenn tries to unravel

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    Selective Attention and Irrelevant Stimuli

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    Attention is “taking possession of the mind, in clear and vivid form, of one out of what seems several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought...it implies withdrawal from some things in order to deal effectively with others” (James, 1898). Selective attention is when a person focuses on their conscious awareness on a particular stimulus. The person only attends to one or a few tasks at one time, this is necessary to keep the person from being overloaded with information. One of the

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    Theories of Visual and Auditory Attention

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    It is essential that humans focus on specific objects as they would not be able to perform one action at a time, and humans see their world in objects. Another purpose of attention is so that actions can be directed and controlled (Allport, 1987 cited in Naish 2010). It is important to research this in order to optimise health and safety and performance in occupational fields and make further discoveries in clinical neuropsychology. Some debates rage around how we attend to objects through our

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    Kahneman's Model of Divided Attention

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    The phenomenon of ‘Divided attention’ is the idea that an individual has the ability to divide their attention between two or more tasks (multi- tasking). Focused attention models such as Broadbent’s theory, Treisman’s theory and Deutsch and Deutsch model explains how all our inputs are focused on one task at a time, however it is clear from looking at everyday life that we are able to divide our attention, successfully being able to complete more than one task at the same time. An area of everyday

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    Running head: EFFECT OF SUDDEN ONSET ON ATTENTION 1 Investigate to What Extent Attention will be Affected by a Distractor Sudden Onset Mingfeng Chen The University of Sydney EFFECT OF SUDDEN ONSET ON ATTENTION 2 Abstract Attention is an important part in psychology study which provide us knowledge about how we process the information around us in the environment in our brain. This report was about an experiment

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    Attention has been an increasingly tricky subject within psychology to investigate over the past few centuries, and as advancements have been made, so have the discoveries of more systems within attention itself. It has been described as an enhancement of the perception of certain stimuli in the environment (Shapiro, 1993), with studies having their focus on, of course, human attention. Despite the attentional system’s complexity, it has very clear limitations that have been made apparent and examinable

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    Theories of Visual and Auditory Attention

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    subject within psychology is that of selective attention, particularly visual, auditory or visual and auditory attention (Driver, 2001). There are many theories of visual and auditory attention that provide us with a greater understanding of the ways in which humans attend to different stimuli (Driver, 2001), such as Broadbent’s (1958) filter theory of attention for example. This essay will compare and contrast theories of visual and auditory attention as well as discussing how well these theories

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    Introduction The purpose of this short report is to discuss the selective attention process and further to that discuss how it affects consumers. Every decision a consumer makes, whether to purchase or not, will be influenced by a number of factors. Consumers today experience a wide variety of messages (stimuli) from marketers across many different mediums. It is the consumers’ ability to decide whether to accept or reject which messages resonate with them according to their own needs, wants

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    Attention refers to the cognitive process of selecting concentrating on aspect of the environment while ignoring other things. Focused attention refers to the ability to respond tactile or discretely to stimuli. The human brain divides attention in two style, either, automatic attention or controlled attention. Automatic attention is a specific stimulus that does not interfere with the other mental processes and needs little effort. The controlled attention is mainly relies on serial processing,

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    of attention tell of the brain’s usual attentional strategies? Attention is a deeper process than simply noticing incoming stimuli, it involves a number of processes including filtering perceptions, balancing multiple perceptions and attaching emotional significance to the perceptions (Ratey, 2001). There are two forms of attention, passive and active. Passive attention is the involuntary processes which are directed by the environment and external events e.g. a loud noise. Active attention is the

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    Attention Deficit Disorder Attention Deficit Disorder is a problem in which many American children and even some adults suffer from. This problem can affect schoolwork, discipline, and even a job. Attention Deficit Disorder is a problem in which many people are not truly aware about, and the signs can be quite obvious. Attention Deficit Disorder(ADD) is a problem that effects many children and even some adults. It allows them to be easily distracted and have a very short attention span

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