Sander Langfeldt Mr. Roley Reading and Language Arts 28 April 2014 Mayan Culture (religion) When people think of the Mayans, they think of people that live in the deep, dark jungle. People are wrong. The Mayans are a smart group of people that lived in a big city on the top of the mountain. Their culture was centered on their belief in many gods. The ancient Maya were religious people that enjoyed practicing their religion by using sacrifices, sport and a strong belief in the afterlife. The Mayan people sacrificed a lot of animals and people. (As say in latinamericanhistory, .) To the Maya, death and sacrifice were spiritually linked to the concepts of creation and rebirth. In the secretary book of the Maya, the two twins Hunahpú and Xbalanque had to visit the underworld before they could be reborn again. Also in the book, it states that the god Tohil asked the Mayans for sacrifices in exchange for fire and heat (sun). The sacrifices often meant a beginning of a new era, and an election of a new king or a new calendar cycle. Captive kings and rulers were often highly prized sacrifices. A captured king was sacrificed only for a holy ceremonial festival. Another aspect of Maya blood sacrifice involved ritual bloodletting. In the Popol Vuh, the first Maya king offer blood to the gods Hacavitz, Avilix and Tohil. Maya, kings and lords would pierce their flesh – generally, lips, ears or tongues – with sharp objects such as stingray spines. These offerings were made for the gods, temple consecration, the rise of a new leader and during natural disturbances such as drought and disease. They used animals like deer, dogs, jaguars and birds as offering. They cut the bird’s head of an... ... middle of paper ... ...th a reptile shaped body with a long nose, sometimes with a tear coming out of his eye. There is a sun god called Kinich Ahau. Kinich ahau is the main god in the city Itzamal, it says that he visited the city at noon every day. Kinich is usually shown with a jaguar feature. He also wears the symbol of Kin a Mayan day. The Mayans were a great powerful group of people that followed what they believed in, build big beautiful temples. The Maya build a big temple inside the big jungle of southern Mexico. The temple is so big that you can see it from high in the sky. You can still see the temple today, but the temple lays in ruins because of the thick jungle that have grown over it. At that temple, they sacrificed people for the gods. If the Mayans had died out because of all the desices the Spanish brought we could have learned more about them.
It is very likely that most people have heard about the Mayan Civilization in one way or another. Whether fictitious or factual, this ancient culture iw idelt recognized. The Mayan people lived from about 250 to 900 CE in Mesoamerica. Which includes modern day Belize, Honduras, Guatemala, and parts of southern Mexico.These people had many remarkable achievements, all of which can fit under the categories of scale, genius effort, and significance. These achievements include an advanced trade system, an amazing understanding of numbers, and the ability to design and build cities that are still mostly standing today. However, their most impressive achievement is their complex calendars.
The Aztecs believed they owed the gods everything for creating them and the world around them, therefore the gods needed to be fed or nourished daily. To honor their gods and show their gratitude they performed human sacrifices by offering hearts and blood. In doing so, they believed human sacrifices would ensure their existence to the world, and in turn help them in their after life. Aztecs also saw these rituals as a way to send a political message to control their own citizens and instill fear in their foreign neighbors. These sacrifices were performed by a specialized priest at the great temple, the Huey Teocalli, at the very top of the pyramid for all to witness. The heart was cut out while the victim was still alive. The still beating heart would then be burned in offering to the chosen god. Afterward, the body was thrown down the stairs of the pyramid where the head was then cut off and placed on a skull rack, known as a Tzompantli, displayed for all to see. (Ancient History
The death and birth rituals of the Mayans were extremely bloody and gruesome. A game was even created for the prisoners to compete in, when they lost they were sacrificed and their hearts were eaten to favor the Gods. The Mayans had very strict rules to follow and extremely strict laws. They loved their Gods more than Donald Trump loves his money. The Mayans were perhaps the most well organized well governed tribe of their day.
The entirety of Maya culture was based on the experience and knowledge accumulated by their ancestors. They were passive, modest, religious people who believed in the cyclical nature of their reality, events and phenomena (Bower 1986). The Maya can be deeply understood due to their elaborate calendar, numerical system, logographic glyphs, and detailed recording of dates and events on various media. Maya glyphs are known for depicting place names, political events and religious beliefs (Coe and Houston 2015). The cyclical pattern of birth, death and rebirth is associated with the underworld, Xibalba, whose inhabitants represent cause of death like disease, sacrifice, war, and games of defeat (Bassie 2002, Wilson 2006).
The Mayan interpretation of the cosmos included a plethora of gods: some benevolent, others malignant; some unattainable, others close at hand. Defining past, present and future, it concerned itself with death, the afterlife and reincarnation. Itzamna was a Mayan god that represented the earth and sky. This god was there to produce vegitables. The Aztec beliefs were very similar to that of the Mayan civilization. Both societies were very similar in their belief of gods, sacrificing, and wars. The ritual of human sacrifice was infulenced by the Toltec tradition. Praying, sacrifice, speaking in metaphors were all forms of speaking with dieties. The calendar was very accurate, more accurate then the calendars that we follow now. Europeans thought that Mesoamerican people were wild people because they were cannibals, believed in many gods, and "enjoyed sex".
The Maya were an advanced society, rich and full extraordinary architecture with great complexity of patterns and variety of expressions, that flourished in Mesoamerica long before the arrival of the Spanish in the sixteenth century. They were skilled architects, building prodigious cities of primarily of limestone that remain a thousand years after their civilization fell into decline. Greatness and Grandeur was the signature of all Mayan cities, from the terminal pre-classic period and continued until the abandonment of all the city states by the beginning of the ninth century. The Maya built pyramids, temples, palaces, walls, residences and more. The limestone structures, faced with lime stucco, were the hallmark of ancient Maya architecture.
This paper explores information gather from several articles that report on the Mayan Civilization throughout the years of their rise, their conquering, and their fall, as well as their interactions with other civilizations, specifically the Spanish. The Mayan civilization dates back before the 16th century, before they were conquered by the Spanish Conquistadors and the civilization diminished. During their reign, the Maya civilization thrived in what is now parts of Southern Mexico and Central America. However, their supremacy was struck down when the Spanish and their beliefs
Almost every aspect of Maya life was centered on religion. These ancient Mesoamerican peoples worshipped many gods and goddesses; this was part of their daily lives, despite class differences in their sophisticated society. Religion served as a basis for the government and social life. Priests and shamans played an important role in their government, conducted religious ceremonies, and made sacrifices to the gods. The Maya believed in the supernatural, and used this belief to explain life and their universe. Every object, whether it is part of nature or man made, was considered sacred and worshipped.
The ancient Maya once occupied a vast geographic area in Central America. Their civilization inhabited an area that encompasses Mexico's Yucatan peninsula and parts of the states of Chiapas and Tabasco, as well as Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador. "From the third to the ninth century, Maya civilization produced awe-inspiring temples and pyramids, highly accurate calendars, mathematics and hieroglyphics, and a complex social and political order" ("Collapse..." 1). Urban centers were important to the Maya during the Classic period; they offered the Mayans a central place to practice religion.
Ancient Mayan civilization was centred in the Mesoamerican regions and is well known for developments in the fields of writing, art, architecture, astrology, and mathematics. Being particularly noted for having the only known fully developed writing system in pre-Columbian America. The Mayan civilization is estimated to have lasted for approximately 3000 years. First originating in 2000 B.C and thriving until 900 A.D, when it mysteriously collapsed. Leaving only abandoned cities that offer little explanation of what happened to the culture and its people.
The Mayan way of life revolved their religion. They had a polytheistic religion praising many gods. Each god had a certain thing that they would rule over or take care of. Chac was the god of rain, Kinich Ahau was the sun god, and Yum Cimil was the god of the underworld. There were many gods and goddess for almost every reason one could think of, there is even a goddess of suicide. They would perform human sacrifices, bleeding rituals, and dances to praise and to please the gods and goddess. They also believe that there were two levels in life. The first is the current state of life. The second would be a spiritual life with the gods, souls of ancestors, and other supernatural creatures. There were many ceremonies. One was the Pok-a-tok. This was when they would take a rubber ball, about the size of a basketball, and bat it back and forth in a walled court.
Before we get into the collapse of the Maya, it is important to understand exactly who the Maya were and why they are such an important civilization in history. The Maya civilization is believed to have begun some thousands of years Before Christ; presumably around 2000 BC which is where some of the oldest Mayan history date back. Maya territory geographically extended throughout Central America mainly between Chichén Itza and Guatemala. By 500 BC, the Maya population was dramatically increasing and small communities were turning into the first major Maya cities in Central America. Maya was unlike usual civilizations that were ran by one empire, but instead, Maya was made up of many neighboring kingdoms all with their own separate kings. Having many kingdoms would lead to wars but there was never really a single city tha...
The ancient Mayans, a diverse group of indigenous people who lived in the Yucatan Peninsula, had one of the most sophisticated civilizations in the Western Hemisphere. They were responsible for a number of remarkable scientific achievements in agriculture, astronomy and communications.Early Mayans developed a farming society, they were able to adapted to their environment buy using a system of clearing the dense rain forests called slash and burn which made farming easier. their farming consisted of their most important crop, maize. They would also cultivated beans, squash, maize together they called this process the three sisters this was important to the Mayan because it was a nutritionally complete diet. Astronomy was one of the greatest achievements of the Mayan Empire, The Mayans knew how many days were in a year and also developed a calendar according to their knowledge of astronomy. Another great achievement of the Mayan Empire is their system ...