Quetzalcoatl only demanded the sacrifice of animals such as snakes and butter... ... middle of paper ... ... the Aztecs believed that they were honoring them, as well as honoring the sun god. The ritual of the heart being cut out of the sacrifice victim was to honor only the sun god. Other Sacrificial Ceremonies The Aztec also preformed other sacrificial ceremonies. During the ceremony generally preformed in regard to Wipe Tote, the sacrifice was preformed by shooting the victim with arrows. In this instance, drops of blood falling from victims represented life giving rain.
The Aztec’s and the Inca’s have many similarities such as religious beliefs, and views about gods. Inca’s views about training for war are different, and the Aztec’s artifacts are somewhat different to. The farm land compared to the Inca’s is differs also, because where the Aztec’s lived the land was elevated about ten thousand feet. The religious beliefs of the Aztec’s was bloody they believed they had to make many sacrifices to appease the gods. The sacrifices were an important aspect of the Aztec religion.
The ancient Maya were religious people that enjoyed practicing their religion by using sacrifices, sport and a strong belief in the afterlife. The Mayan people sacrificed a lot of animals and people. (As say in latinamericanhistory, .) To the Maya, death and sacrifice were spiritually linked to the concepts of creation and rebirth. In the secretary book of the Maya, the two twins Hunahpú and Xbalanque had to visit the underworld before they could be reborn again.
After that, the Aztec would usually perform their rituals on war prisoners, sacrificing them with sharp obsidian blades, and then offer the blood to the god Acolnahuacatl. The ritual killing would end when the god was appeased. The Legend of the Five Suns tells the doctrine of the Aztec and other Nahua people in which the present world was preceded by four other cycles of creation and destruction. It is a mixture of mythological, cosmological, and eschatological (a part of theology concerned with the end of the world) beliefs and traditions of earlier cultures. In this legend, Quetzalcoatl would not accept the destruction of his people so he stole their bones from the underworld and dipped them in his blood to resurrect them.
Yet, they worshiped these gods in very violent ways through human sacrifice. Some civilizations killed younger children and some killed adults, ripping out their hearts and cutting off their heads. Life in Latin America before the Europeans arrived insinuated a paradox because they had an organized leadership and were spiritual, yet they caused mayhem through violence and war. Works Cited The Inca: The Great Inca Rebellion The Maya: Engineering an Empire The Aztec: Documentary: The Aztec Empire In Search of History The Olmec: Secrets of the Ancient Olmecs (Full Documentary) on You tube
These sacrifices were performed by a specialized priest at the great temple, the Huey Teocalli, at the very top of the pyramid for all to witness. The heart was cut out while the victim was still alive. The still beating heart would then be burned in offering to the chosen god. Afterward, the body was thrown down the stairs of the pyramid where the head was then cut off and placed on a skull rack, known as a Tzompantli, displayed for all to see. (Ancient History
The Aztecs believed that in order to keep the gods happy, they had to build great pyramids, do many rituals, and sacrifice people to appease the gods. The building of these enormous pyramids took thousands of thousands of men and supplies. Those supplies had to be dug up and bought from every person possible. The building of such pyramids also employed skilled artisans to carve the temples into shape, and to carve words and symbols inside the pyramid. The temples also required skilled painters and recorders to paint and inscribe inside the temple.
Even ancient writers felt no pity, they were aware that gladiators had originated from these holocausts in honor of the dead. What was offered to appease the dead was counted as a funeral rite. It is called munus (a service) from being a service due. The ancients thought that by this sort of spectacle they rendered a service to the dead, after they had made it a more cultured form of cruelty. The belief was that the souls of the dead are appeased with human blood, they use to sacrifice captives or slaves of poor quality at funerals.
Expansion was the cornerstone of their whole civilization, because their religion requested that a large number of human sacrifices where to be made to the gods. To get the sacrifices the Aztec went to war with other tribes in Mexico to get these human sacrifices (Conrad & Demmest 47-49) . With each conquest more sacrifices and more land was added to the Aztec kingdom. The Aztec were a strong civilization who were familiar with organized large scale war, had specialized war chiefs, and a well organized system of territorial levy in which large armies could be amassed in a short time (Age of Reconnaissance 124-125). They may have been well organized for war, but they were not prepared for internal changes in there civilization.
A major element of Aztec life was religion, as often is in the case in ancient civilizations. The Aztecs were a polytheistic people, and they often made use of human sacrifice to please their gods. Diaz often makes reference to the blood-stained walls of the Aztec temples in his account of the conquest. In reference to the success of Cortes and his soldiers, an anci... ... middle of paper ... ... convert them by any means necessary. The idea that conversion made for a bettering of the people also aided in taking to harsh treatment.