1.0 Introduction The research explores international commercial arbitration with the objective of understanding its global overview, commercial arbitration approach in Islam, and specifically in Saudi Arabia. International commercial arbitration is used to resolve disputes arising due to international commercial contracts. Most of the cases include those transactions that take place between private parties across international borders which allows people to avoid litigation in courts. There are
PLAGIRISM ESSAY I’m writing this essay on about how to avoid plagiarism in your essay and to maintain academic honesty. My essay on ‘There is no need for a multilateral agreement on competition law provided there is co-operation on enforcement.’ Of International Competion law module was referred to the plagiarism check, hence I’m writing this essay on academic honesty and giving recognition to the authors who are the rightful owner of the work published. The topic of the essay depends upon the
International commercial arbitration: a comparative study of the London Court of International Arbitration and International Chamber of Commerce. Introduction Arbitration as a dispute resolution method is used in international relations between states and governed by the rules of Public International Law. My concern in this essay is the Arbitration in International Commercial Contracts governed by the Private Law between individuals or entities dealing in commercial matters. However, I will limit
their funds are being put to use. Arbitration as a means of alternative dispute resolution has the key advantages of being more expeditious and confidential than the litigation process; therefore safeguarding the commercial interests of the parties to arbitrations. This public interest of; protecting the commercial nature of arbitration seems to be in collision with the public interest of citizens accessing information held by the state that might arise out of arbitration proceedings. The issue therefore
This essay analysis Alternative Dispute Law and more specific mediation and arbitration sections. Mediation and Arbitration is part of Alternative Dispute resolution. In first part I will try explain the term without prejudice and its legal implications in the case of Unilever plc v The Procter & Gamble Co -  1 All ER 783. In the judgment of Robert Walker LJ in Unilever plc v The Procter & Gamble Co  1 WLR 2436 was described the most important exceptions to the without prejudice rule
obligations. The principle of hardship operates as a modification of the principle of pacta sunt servanda; it gives relief to a party where performance of a contractual obligation due to change of circumstances becomes extremely onerous. This essay will discuss the role of hardship clauses in controlling liability by contract. The first part briefly states the key elements of hardship clauses. The second part considers the role of hardship clauses in controlling liability from a theoretical
at which resolution can be achieved is faster and the parties are able to retain an element of control over the proceedings. There are several manifestations of ADR including arbitration, mediation, negotiation and conciliation but the concentration on this paper is on mediation. For the purposes of analysis in this essay, mediation can be defined as “as being a process where two or more parties agree to the submission of their dispute to an independent third party with the aim of the me... .
Court". Has the legalization of the WTO weakened its diplomacy-based negotiating mechanism? With the creation of the World Trade Organization (WTO), dispute settlement has moved to the centre stage of the multilateral trading order. Hence, in this essay I will consider the effects of the new Dispute Settlement Mechanism (DSM) on trade relations. At first, I will illustrate how the DSM operates and how it is different from dispute settlement under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT).
describe the chapter’s importance in the book and the wider debate. It will also outline its structure, main argument and used evidence. Still, the main purpose of the essay is to critically analyse the chosen chapter, which will be done throughout the whole text and, especially, by the end of the paper. “Contractual Certainty in International Trade” is a collection of various empirical studies and theory-based debates on the “institutional support for global economic exchanges” . This volume has a large
large corporations but also for small and medium sized businesses. European business environment opens borders for the EU to increase trade, lower prices for consumers and for the expansion of technical and allocative efficiency between local and international companies. Companies are trying to adopt better methods of production to keep costs down in order to remain competitive. Therefore an incentive to produce efficiently arises. This will help standards of the product to increase and consumers will