The fact that globalization exists is not necessarily the important issue here. Rather, the world's eyes must focus on costs and benefits of both globalization and localization, and how countries are affected by both of these opposite tendencies of international politics. James N. Rosenau, in his article, The Complexities and Contradictions of Globalization, defines globalization as "'something' that is changing humankind's preoccupation with territoriality and the traditional arrangements of the state system." In other words, globalization is causing countries to break their territorial boundaries economically, politically, and socially, and in doing so, open themselves up to outside international influences. Such worldwide influence has proven to have many benefits throughout the world.
Though it may be hard not to picture globalization as an unstoppable plague, open-mindedness is key to understanding globalization. There is so much more to it then just a singular effect. It has been and will be the cause of every decision, thought, and action of humans on Earth. Globalization is nothing more than a destiny shaped by our own doing. Globalization has many faces, whether it’s health, business, social interaction, human rights, development, education, technology, trade, etc.
To understand the impact of globalization on human Resources you must understand what globalization is and what it does. Globalization is a “process by which the experience of everyday life, is made clear by the dissemination of goods and ideas, is becoming consistant globally. Aspects that have also added to globalization include increasingly sophisticated communications and transportation technologies and services, mass relocation along with the movement of peoples, a level of economic activity that has outgrown national markets through industrial combinations and commercial groupings that cross national frontiers, and international agreements that reduce the cost of doing business in foreign countries. Globalization offers huge potential profits to companies and nations but has been complicated by widely differing expectations, standards of living, cultures and values, and legal systems as well as unexpected global cause-and-effect linkages (Encyclopedia Britannica).” Globalization is a word in business that indicates the incorporation of an organization's operations, processes and strategies into various cultures, products, services and ideas. While globalization has evolved, the responsibility of human resource management should not be understated.
Is it possible to understand the nature of globalisation? This is a question that has led to fervent debates, and has confounded sociologists in their pursuit to explain the mechanics of globalisation (Machida 2012). Globalisation is the most dominant social phenomenon that has shaped social interactions around the world in the modern age (Ritzer & Ryan 2002). In an age where people socialise beyond their immediate communities, where a Japanese person can purchase an American product that’s made in China, and where government policies in Africa can be written by people in the Netherlands, it is impossible to ignore the current, globalised state of the world. Globalisation has led to the blurring of national boundaries, which allows nations around the world to communicate its ideas conveniently, at an unprecedented scale (Christou 2003).
Taking a broader point of view, Bilton et al defines globalization as "The process whereby political, social, economic and cultural relations increasingly take on a global scale, and which has profound consequences for individuals, local experiences and everyday lives." (Bilton et al 1996:5) The process of globalization has certainly had many changing effects to the world we live in; it has also changed the way many factors operate. Globalization is said "to have transformed the structure and scale of human relationships that social, cultural, political, and economic processes now operate at a global scale with a consequent reduction in the significance of other geographical scales. "(The Dictionary of human geography 2004:315) Globalization has had both positive and negative effects on a local, national, international and global level. Globalization often brings benefits at one level which cause negative effects at another, these results and the scale at which they manifest are often uncertain and unpredictable.
Before I start explaining globalization and localization from my point of view and from what I learned from the article given for the assignment, I would like to define the word. Globalization is a term to denote that "something" is changing humankind’s preoccupation with territoriality and the traditional arrangement of the state system. Globalization is renders boundaries and identity with the land less salient, which means that it allows people, goods, information, norms, practices, and institutions to move about oblivious to or despite boundaries. It also indicates that something new in the world affairs moves most of the important activities and concerns beyond the national seats of power that have long served as the foundations of economic, political, and social life. Meanwhile, localization is highlighting borders and intensifying the deep attachments to a place that has potential dominate emotion and reasoning.
It observes the effect and influence, propagated on business through it use of supply chains, and influence. Key words: Expansion, Risk, Globalization, Influence Globalization and Organizational Structure Globalization remains a pivotal topic in many schools of thought, and continues being a topic of controversy even in local economies today. Perhaps the reason for this is integration and competitiveness the world over. Conceivably, even more than integration, is the competitiveness of organizations, has possibly facilitating the fascination and misconception about of globalization. Nevertheless, globalization has brought about a number of effects influencing the design and geographical location of the organization.
In terms of documentaries, their key issues are how to represent reality as accurately as possible, thus e... ... middle of paper ... ... globalization, especially in a cultural sense, almost contradict themselves. "Globalization" is a complex phenomenon, uniquely marked with two opposing forces. On one hand, it is characterized by massive economic expansion and technological innovation. On the other hand, there is an increased inequality, cultural and social turmoil, and individual alienation. One of the most seemingly logical methods to help the "international" attitude towards globalization and the media is to let every culture have the opportunity to subjectively represent their cultures and means of technological support.
Over the years globalization has become a very controversial subject. Some view it as a progression that is significant to future world economic development: a sequence, which is predictable and permanent. However, others believe globalization to be a process that only benefits countries that are already economically strong. Globalization augments inequality within and among countries. It’s “a historical process, [which] is the result of human innovation and technological progress.” Globalization creates a large gap between economically developed nations, and undeveloped nations.
Chances are that every single item you see has been impacted by globalization. Whether the item has foreign parts or is produced entirely outside of your country, it has been directly impacted upon by globalization. Globalization, on the whole, is a good thing. Globalization greatly empowers consumers, enables unprecedented market knowledge, and has pioneered breakthroughs in logistics. However, globalization can act as a detriment as well, to both underdeveloped and developed nations alike.