Informed consent means that the patient has been informed by the provider and has been issued information about the medical condition and treatment options that are available. The patient is also able to understand the information provided about their health condition and treatment options. They should be able to ask questions for clarity. Patients are also able to decide what health care treatment they want to receive and give their consent (nlm.nih, 2014). Although informed consent is required on all patients, it is not required in the event of an emergency.
The patients are expected to be adherent and obey the treatments that the health care providers implement (Collier & Haliburton, 2015, p. 87). However, patients should be included in the decision-making process. They have the right to be involved in their own care and make decisions that are free of coercion. Sometimes, the patient’s values, beliefs and preferences may not be in-line with the health care providers’ preferences and they have to respect those differences. In Marie’s case, she has the right to be respected in terms of her preferences and choices, especially that she was given all the information regarding her condition and treatment and she was competent enough to make those decisions.
Autonomy is another value that I cherish in patient care. Autonomy is descried as giving control and right to the individual to make choices (Cherry & Jacob, 2013). This is so important because nobody wants to lose their ability to make choices and make decisions. Autonomy is letting the patients make their decisions concerning their diagnosis and how health care is provided for them. To me giving the patient the ability to exercising autonomy is empowerment.
Human rights are applicable universally irrespective of your nationality or culture and aim to protect those who are vulnerable. They outline the standards and principles which should be enforced by governments and to which governments should be held accountable. Human rights are interdependent, working together to endorse the dignity of each human. With these human rights come responsibilities and limitations which ensure that you respect the rights of others and protect the human rights. (pg 74) The right to health which is specifically applicable to IHPs is centred in fulfilling each individual’s optimum health potential by providing opportunities.
Personal Nursing Philosophy Nursing has developed from its original roots, to become a personal philosophy to those who practice it. This paper describes my personal philosophy of nursing that I plan to practice in my own personal career. I believe that nursing is founded on the principles of it being a helping process with a focus on interpersonal relationships between a nurse and someone else. Nursing not only involves treating an illness, but it also provides quality patient-centered care. My philosophy involves having a strong base knowledge of medicine as well as being able to provide compassionate patient-centered care.
While our hospital's views may conflict with our patients' views and values, we believe every human being has the right to life. However, a patient knows himself or herself best, and through this we respect our competent patients' wishes when concerning their end of life care. Our hospital will respect the decisions of competent patients to refuse treatment without which they will surely die. However, due to the finality of such a decision, we will require that a given patient undergo two psychological evaluations in order to confirm competence beyond any reasonable doubt. Furthermore, our policy aims to assure that decisions of this magnitude are not made in haste.
A physician shall always keep in mind the obligation of preserving human life. Providers must communicate full, accurate and unbiased information so patients can make informed decisions about their health care. As a result of their recommendations, providers are responsible for generating costs in health care but do not generate the need for those expenses. Every hospital has both an ethical as well as a legal responsibility to provide care, even if the care may be uncompensated. Patients are ultimately responsible for their own health and wellbeing and should be held responsible for the consequences of their decisions and actions.
The role and importance of the ANA’s ethical values are explored. A discussion of the ANA’s culture and ethical decision making is described. The ANA’s ethical values and how they support author’s ethical views is explained and last the ANA’s social responsibility to the community. ANA’s goals and ethical principles The ANA’s goals are to provide a unified focus of professional, competent, and ethical care to all patients. To treat every patient with dignity, respect, and compassion free from any personal judgment of race, social or economic status, personal disparities, or disregard to health status.
The case of Aja Riggs falls under the category of medical ethics. Medical ethics is defined by four fundamental principles or pillars. The first pillar is “respect for the autonomy of the patient.” This means that the patient must be completely informed of the details of their condition, as well as have complete freedom to make their own choice regarding a course of action. The second is “promoting what is best for the patient.” This simply means that the actions of the doctors must be aimed at promoting the general welfare of the patient, usually pertaining to said patient’s health. The third defining principle of medical ethics is to “do no harm.” This means that even though a treatment may advance the health of a patient and promote their own vitality, if it requires bodily harm, then the practice must not be undergone.
It identifies each man as unique person that possesses his own set of values, beliefs and views about the health. As nurses we have an obligation to respect individuals’ choices and rights to self-determination. It is also vital that patients make their own decisions based on accurate knowledge and sufficiently understand the situation. Beneficence is act that benefits others. It could be any actions that prevent harm to patient as well as action that eliminate harm and improve health of others.