The ethical professional nurse is a nurse who bases their care off of moral values. This not only involves inherently knowing the difference between right and wrong, but also making sure to follow through with what they know is right. The nurse should protect patient privacy and demonstrate
Nurses must also abide by a code of ethics which can be found at the ANA website. Provision four states “the nurse is responsible and accountable for individual nursing practice and determines the appropriate delegation of tasks consistent with the nurse’s obligation to provide optimum care” (ANA code of ethics -2001). This means that the nurse is responsible for determining which tasks are appropriate. Even if the physician insists that she goes beyond her scope of practice it is still her responsibility to be accountable for her own actions. It is very important that nurses understand this standard since working under the hierarchy of a physician may make it tempting to follow their guidance rather than owning their own responsibilities.
The commitment to ethics in nursing education is at best uneven across programs. Some programs require a specific course (or more) in ethics ( Michael D, Dahnke PhD ). Ethics are very important in the practice of nursing, to make sure the treatment of patients is in the right way. (Macciocchi French, Bush, 2009) The relationship between health care worker and patient must be characterized by privacy, linked to the patient's need to ease the suffering of quickly. (Macciocchi French, Bush, 2009) .also ,To influence patient care from an ethical perspective, nurse needs Knowledge of ethical principles, such as autonomy and beneficence,and to be a major player in the decision-making process regarding patient care ( Parker, F,2007) .
The Code of Ethics for nurses prohibits intentionally terminating any human life. Nurses are compelled to provide ease of suffering, comfort and ideally a death that is coherent with the values and wishes of the dying patient, however; it is essential that nurses uphold the ethical obligations of the profession and not partake in assisted suicide. (King, 2003)
Ethics is defined as the knowledge of the principles of good and evil. Sensitivity to ethical issues should be prerequisite for any profession that holds public trust. Nursing holds a public trust and therefore we must be aware of ethical concerns when dealing with patients (Barry, 2002). Ethical dilemmas such as consent force nurses to decide on possible actions to take. By discussing the ethical principles of autonomy, beneficence and non-maleficence and applying the ethical theories I hope to make it clear how nurses justify their actions.
The nursing code of ethics is a formal statement of the ideals and values of nursing and ethical principles that serve as standards for nurses‟ actions. Jurisprudence is the scientific study of law and law is defined as those rules made by humans, which regulate social conduct in a formally prescribed and legally binding manner. Nursing ethics and law are very important because they are concerned with the provision of services that have an impact on human health and life which can cause dilemma during practice and if not handled adequately can lead to negative impact on the client and all the people concerned with the care the client. Therefore Standards must be set to guide the conduct of the nurse in making proper and adequate decisions for the safety and protection of the client, by so doing the nurse protects herself or himself from litigation (Burke, K. 2000). Berman, A. J and Burke, K. (2000), looked at nursing ethics as an integral part of nursing, that has t has to do with moral principles and values that guide nurses to make decisions and choices that lead to quality and effective client care.
Personal Ethics Many nurse’s experience ethical dilemmas in the healthcare system. It is important to establish a framework for nurses to make ethical decisions (Hentz, 2003). Regardless of what our own ethical perspectives may be, employees build up approaches with respect to suitable conduct in the working environment. These desires are viewed as our organizational ethics (What Do I Do, 2013). “Our choices are based on what we believe to be right, based on our upbringing, our culture, our spiritual perspectives, our peer group values, and other factors that are unique to each of us” (What Do I Do, 2013).
Nurses are typically thought of as respected and trusted individuals. In order to keep this reputation, nurses must aware of their professional boundaries and strive to remain professional in all aspects of their career. There are many resources that act as guides to maintaining these boundaries in the healthcare profession. These standards are set as laws that governs nurses so that they know which actions are not acceptable. It is important for nurses to stay true to their values, focus on the interest of the patient, and be aware of becoming too involved with
Provision 4 explains the nurse’s obligation in providing optimal patient care is determined by the appropriate delegations of tasks that a practicing nurse is responsible and accountable for. The patient has a legal right to negate treatment, as often seen, but that does not make it an ethical decision for their health. The nursing indications principle is the obligation a nurse has in direct care activities, delegating, and teaching. The nurse maintains accountability and responsibility in accord with the standard of patient care, under these nursing indications. In the case of a patient complaining of severe pain the nurse who contacts the physician to obtain an order for pain relief is acting in beneficence to that patient.
personal values, such as respect, responsibility, and obligation are dependent on the moral attitude of the nurse. Professional attitudes in nursing comprise of inclinations, feelings and emotions that conform to their principles and serve as the basis for their behavior. Professional behavior or behavioral professionalism however is behaving in a manner to achieve optimal outcomes in professional tasks and interactions. Nurses must always be committed to the client at all times. In case the family and community are included in decision-making, she must be accommodative to their ideas whether even in cases where she does not agree.