In this final reflection paper, I will discuss the importance of child development, present some limitations, critiques, and missing perspectives, and finally, demonstrate how I will apply my knowledge of child development to the context of my future classroom. Child development is defined as the several stages, physical, cognitive, and social-emotional that all children experience from birth to adulthood. The developmental stages that children undergo are referred to as milestones. Each child will go through these milestones at their own pace, but most likely will experience them around the same time frame. To have knowledge about child development is essential to understanding children.
Piaget believed that a child’s cognitive development was a process, and that there were four factors that affect the quality of children’s thinking as they grow; as well as four stages of qualitatively different types of thinking through which children progress towards adulthood. The four factors that Piaget believed to be central to children’s cognitive development are biological maturation, activity, social experiences, and equilibration. Biological maturation refers to the individual’s genetic heredity that is present at birth and will be a key role in their growth. Activity is the child’s physical experiences, from these experiences the child will construct their own knowledge base. Social experiences are the child’s interactions with others as they grow.
As an infant I was on Sensorimotor stage. This stage spans birth to two years, a period during which the infant progresses from simple reflex action for symbolic processing. The sensorimotor stage is the first of the four stages Piaget used to define cognitive development. So at the age of two I was busy discovering relationships between my body and the
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development helps us to understand the developmental stages of a child. Development from one stage to the next is dependent upon the child's understanding of the environment in that particular stage. He believes that children’s thinking doesn’t come all at once but instead at different points. Piaget’s theory of cognitive development is categorized in two different stages during the first four months of life. In Stage 1 the newborn’s behavior is reflexive.
Piaget has four stages in his theory: sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. The sensorimotor stage is the first stage of development in Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development. This stage lasts from birth to the second year of life for babies, and is centered on the babies exploring and trying to figure out the world. During this stage, babies engage in behaviors such as reflexes, primary circular reactions, secondary circular reactions, and tertiary circular
Piaget’s developmental stages are ways of normal intellectual development. There are four different stages. The stages start at infant age and work all the way up to adulthood. The stages include things like judgment, thought, and knowledge of infants, children, teens, and adults. These four stages were names after Jean Piaget a developmental biologist and psychologist.
Growth and development are the changes that an individual has to go through during their lifetime. Growth is described as when an individual changes in size, while development is the growth and changes that occurs in our lives. In this paper, I am going to describe a preschooler I chose to assess while at Head Start on to see if this individual had reached the milestones of growth and development regards to their cognitive, language, fine and gross motor skills. Preschool period is from the age of three to five-years where the pupils are preparing for their entrance into school. Children at this age tasks were mastered during toddler years (Huckleberry & Wilson, 2013, p. 408).
Developmental psychology is continuous complex processes which progress through stages that begin at birth and continues until death. The development of a child mainly depends on prenatal care, physical, intellectual, social, and improvement in language. Mental growth progresses with the increase of knowledge which the children are born with. Psychologists like Jean Piaget have developed a procedure in which development occurs. Piaget suggests that the parents are responsible for helping the child to learn and provide appropriate materials for interaction and construction of k... ... middle of paper ... ...
Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory In Piaget’s theory, there are four stages that develop throughout the years of an individual’s life from childhood to early adulthood. “Piaget saw that these stages where sequential and interdependent, evolving from activity without thought, to thought with less emphasis on activity, to doing knowingly, and finally to conceptualizing” (Hutchison, 2015, p.119). Also, Piaget’s theory is based on schema, which can be developed through social learning and direct learning. Also, there is two concepts that may occur during these two learning’s: assimilation and accommodation. As we look at Dan’s case, we see that the difficulties Dan has with his college peers has made it hard for him to find balance by assimilating new interactional experience within his existing schemata (Hutchison, 2015, p.119).
The Center on the Developing Child at Harvard University’s journal The Science of Early Childhood Development Closing the Gap Between What We Know and What We Do have conducted decades of brain research that proves from birth to age five is the groundwork for a child to have a happy, healthy life. A child’s environment and early experiences will have a profound affect good or bad on his or her life. When a baby is born the neurons, not built in by genes start out like a new computer before the preloaded software the rest comes from the environment. Scientists believe the basic design of the brain starts before birth and continues through maturity. “In the first few years of life, 700 new neural connections are f... ... middle of paper ... ...gh-Nobar, T., & Braveman, P. (2008).