Language Development And Vygotsky's Theory Of Cognitive Development

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Language plays an important in our lives, for children this is a critical time for them to learn how they can use language to communicate effectively from the when they learn through school and into adulthood. While a child goes through school they are exposed to Standard English, but there are diversities that appear in the classroom for example culture plays a part in language development. Gee and Hayes (2011) stated that there are many things that language can be including; a set of rules, a cognitive experience, a social tool or an object, but overall language is something that changed based on culture and social context. Acknowledging and accepting diversity in the classroom in relation to language and language learning is important…show more content…
McInerney (2014) explores Vygotsky’s theory of cognitive development, explaining that language is used as a communication instrument and a way to organize our own thoughts. Vygotsky believed that children develop a tool called self-talk or private speech as a way for them to make sense of their own actions and thoughts. This then develops to then internalizing their thoughts and further to public speech, Vygotsky’s belief was that children develop cognitively with exposure to their surroundings and social situations. Learning how to process, project and receive language at a young age is important in the development of higher mental processes including; planning and evaluating, memory and reason, which are important in the functioning in society as adults. According to Piaget’s theory of cognitive development, language is the basis for learning the skill of internalizing problems instead of using objects and increasing their mental capacity (McInerney, 2014). At young ages not being able to develop and maintain language skills, for example having Specific Language Impairment, which restricts the ability to retain language skills to memory. This is problematic as it can impact children academically and psychosocially, and can extend to mathematical concepts, attention capacity and motor skills. If a child has issues absorbing these concepts it can lead to other problems in cognitive applications including problem solving, working memory and logical thinking (Reichenbach, Bastian, Rohrbach, Gross, & Sarrar, 2016). Piaget’s theory states that between the ages of 2-7 children are in the preoperational stage of development which means they have a sense of eccentricity, when talking to a child we can hear the use of instrumental and personal language functions. As
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