Essay On Cognitive Behavior Therapy

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REBT uses therapeutic, along with cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy, and Roger Theory. Rational emotive behavior therapy (REBT) has become one of the most widely practiced forms of cognitive–behavioral psychotherapy (Ellis & Dryden, 1997). “This is what the rational therapist teaches his [sic] clients to do: to understand exactly how they create their own emotional reactions by telling themselves certain things, and how they can create different emotional reactions by telling themselves other things” (Ellis, 1957, p. 38). Cognitive – Behavior Theory (CBT), unifying theme is the premise that most cognitive, emotional, and behavioral responses are learned. Therefore, undesirable responses can be unlearned and replaced with more desirable ones. Clients acquire skills that facilitate this process—skills they can keep using to prevent or relieve depression long after formal therapy ends. According to Rogers (1951) genuineness requires the therapist to actively listen, enter and understand the client's world (accurate empathy) and reflect accurately to the client their feelings. When people are listened to, they move toward trying to create more order and integration into their lives through self-generation and self-propelled growth. The therapist must attentively be with the client fully to understand the client's feelings and, thus, accurately validate their emotions. Roger Theory reflects on a counseling method is a humanistic style, Rogers' Client-Centered Therapy (RCCT), or otherwise known as the `Pure' Client-Centered Therapy (non-directional). There is supportive (see Gerwood, 1993; Davison and Neale, 1994, Todd and Bohart, 1994), aversive (see Brown and Smart, 1991; Quinn, 1993; Ryan, 1995) and mixed (see Horvath and S... ... middle of paper ... ...herapy (Rogers, 1951), thus the beginning of his second theoretical phase. This phase moved away from mere reflection into the belief that the therapist should possess an attitude about her/his client's feelings and their capacity for change. The therapist was still to remain non-directive but would attend to particular frames of reference the client expressed, rather than reflecting generally. This phase also gave importance and definition to the client's phenomenology (i.e., multiple reality theory), organismic valuing process and innate self-actualization. Also, Rogers (1951) suggested that to be completely effective the therapist must possess and show to the client unconditional positive regard (i.e., no judgement), and genuineness (i.e., accurate empathy and reflection of feeling). These terms will be defined below and evaluated as to their fundamental accuracy
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