So CBT tries to tackle our thoughts, feelings and behavior. Scientific research has shown that cognitive behavioral therapy is affective for a wide range of mental health problems. The purpose is to bring positive change by alleviating emotional distress such as depression. CBT starts by breaking down your problems into smaller components, often trying to identify particular problematic thoughts or behavior. Once these problems are broken down it is then suggested a straightforward plan in which the patient and therapist can intervene to promote recovery.
It is designed to modify the individual’s normative dysfunctional thoughts. The basic cognitive technique consists of delineating the individual's specific misconceptions, distortions, and maladaptive assumptions, and of testing their validity and reasonableness (Beck, 1970). By exploring thought patterns that lead to maladaptive behaviors and actions and the beliefs that direct these thoughts, people with mental illness can alter their thought process to improve coping. CBT is different from oth... ... middle of paper ... ...ntal_Illness/About_Treatments_and_Supports/Cognitive_Behavioral_Therapy1.htm NREPP (2014, January 28). Intervention Summary - Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Adolescent Depression.
Introduction Cognitive Therapy (CT) and Cognitive Behavior Therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapeutic treatment that helps clients better understand and uncover their feelings and thoughts that may influence their behaviors. Cognitive therapy aims its treatments at treating a wide range of disorders, such as depression, anxiety, addictions, and phobias. Cognitive therapy focuses on dealing with a specific problem of a client and is short-term in its therapy style. While clients are in therapy, they are guided in how to identify and correct disturbing thought patterns that have a negative influence on their behavior. Brief description Cognitive Therapy was “developed by Aaron T. Beck in the late 1960’s” (Murdock, 2013, p. 314).
Psychotherapy is a form of treatment for a patient with a mental disorder. The therapy allows the patient to help them comprehend their illness. It is then followed up with tools to treat their illness and behaviors. (NIMH) A type of psychotherapy is behavioral therapy, which the psychologist uses basic learning techniques to modify maladaptive behavior patterns by substituting undesirable thoughts with new and happier responses. (NIMH) Behavioral therapies are based on the theory of classical conditioning.
Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) shows empirical evidence to support its validity when counseling sexually abused children. The theory was designed to resolve post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depressive and anxiety symptoms. This model of psychotherapy is not only useful to children and adolescents but to a wide range of population, such as parents, and many persons suffering from mental illness. The methodology of CBT is specific and brief therapy that teaches a person to talk about emotion and thoughts and how they contribute to the person’s behavior. CBT uses Socratic questioning, self-reflection and problem-solving skills to eradicate undesired behaviors.
Freud valued the effect that the id, ego and superego had on a pe... ... middle of paper ... ...we must understand that these patients involve a long process that allows them to change their belief system. Cognitive therapy uses looking at the clients thought processes to get closer look at their abnormal ideals and works on finding a better way to thinking about life. The psychoanalytic therapy looks at how a person's childhood events affects their adult life. These therapist work on getting rid of this ideas and help them find comfort in them. Works Referenced Dostoyevsky, F., & Garnett, C. (2001).
Although CBT is often referred to as a unitary treatment, it is actually a diverse collection of complex and subtle interventions that must each be mastered and understood from the social learning perspective (Reinecke, Dattilio, & Freeman, 2003). According to Graham (2005), CBT aims to change a patient’s unhealthy behaviour through examining assumptions behind the thought patterns (cognitive restruction) and also through using behaviour therapy techniques. In CBT, therapist and patient work with each other to identify the thoughts that may cause distress, and the therapist employs behavioural therapy techniques to modify the resulting behaviour. It aims to address patients’ certain fundamental core beliefs (schemas) that lead to negative influences on their behaviour and functioning (Rufer et al, 2000). CBT is the treatment option for some mental disorders, such as depression, dissociative identity disorder, eating disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, hypochondriasis, insomnia, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and panic disorder without agoraphobia (Clark, 1986).
It focuses on identifying irrational, distorted and/or maladaptive patterns of cognition and belief, replacing them with more realistic thoughts and thereby modifying both emotions and behavior (Probst, 2008). The use of CBT with adolescents that have depression involved the application of specific, empirically supported strategies focused on depressogenic information processing and behavior (McGinn, 2000). Personally, I believe that CBT is effective when working with children and adolescents diagnosed with depression. However, without the evaluation of research it will be difficult to distinguish effectiven... ... middle of paper ... ...J., Simmons, A., Vltiello, B., Walkup, J., Emslie, G., Rosenburg, D., March, J. (2005).
I reviewed Weil and Pascal’s (1990) article, The Place of Verbal Games in the Framework of In-patient Group Psychotherapy with Late Adolescents which was published in the Journal of Group Psychotherapy. This article focused the importance of games for the social and emotional development of children and adults. The article expounds on the significance of group therapy that contains the use of verbal games in a psychiatric setting with late adolescents who suffer from instability in their environments. The authors described each game that was used in group therapy along with the significance of the game as a therapeutic and a diagnostic tool (Weil & Pascal, 1990). There are clear limitations of this research that provide for an argument for
Psychologically, there are various treatments mainly the psychodynamic and the behavioural approach. The main psychodynamic therapy is psychoanalysis and brief psychodynamic therapy and the main behavioural approaches are the behaviour therapy and behavioural modification. These psychotherapies involve the analyst fully participating to talk and understand the patient’s neurotic symptoms, and therefore decreasing it. The therapist essentially focuses on “Listening and taking part with the client in exploring and experiencing what is going on between them” (Oatley 1984). Some involve group or family therapies; alternatively the main popular type is the individual one to one therapies, such as the psychoanalytic and the behavioural approaches.