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Essay On Antibiotics

explanatory Essay
1905 words
1905 words
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The use of antibiotics or antimicrobial has allowed our worlds nations to flourish for decades. Antibiotics have cured many serious bacterial infections and saved millions of lives due to epidemics and plagues. While antibiotics have helped our nations to flourish, the misuse and overuse of antibiotics or antimicrobials has increased the rate of developing antibiotic resistant bacteria. It is a constant fight between newer, stronger antibiotics and rapidly, evolving resistant bacteria; with no new classifications of antibiotics discovered since the 1970’s, antibiotic resistant bacteria are given the opportunity to dominate. Antibiotics are over prescribed to millions of people each year, studies say more than half of those prescriptions were to treat illness that antibiotics have no effect on. (Aminov,Rustam) Doctors need to stop writing unjustifiable prescriptions for antibiotics and patients need to stop demanding antibiotics from doctors when they are not necessary. The serious nature and likely consequences of misused antibiotics needs to be understood among the public. Knowing what antibiotics are, how they work in the body, and when you need to take them will reduce their widespread overuse. In addition, knowing why and how bacteria become resistant to antibiotics and what tragedy will arise if abusing antibiotics continue. Most importantly, what action and prevention methods be can done to reverse this rise of power in infection causing bacteria. “Antibiotics are a broad class of chemicals that are capable of either inhibiting growth or killing bacteria.” (“FAS - Antibiotic Resistance Case Study”) Antibiotics have no effect on viral infections like the common cold of flu. (Antibiotics:MedlinePlus) There are many classes of... ... middle of paper ... ...rdest prevention method is to prevent the spread of bacteria and ultimately superbugs between public. If everyone could cover there sneeze, or cough, and then wash their hands; the spread of infections would decrease drastically. Antibiotics have allowed our humans to thrive on this world. “Since the 1940s, these drugs have greatly reduced illness and death from infectious diseases. Antibiotic use has been beneficial and, when prescribed and taken correctly, their value in patient care is enormous.” Antibiotics need to be used conservatively to maintain their value and to keep resistant bacteria evolving at a slow place. Bacteria will naturally always be evolving to antibiotics however, careful use and distribution of these antibiotics combined with various prevention methods will maintain a slower rate of evolution; to allow our worlds nations to continue thriving.

In this essay, the author

  • Argues that the misuse and overuse of antibiotics has increased the rate of developing antibiotic resistant bacteria.
  • Explains that antibiotics are a broad class of chemicals that inhibit growth or kill bacteria. they have no effect on viral infections like the common cold of flu.
  • Opines that the antibiotic era is thought to be the approximately last seven decades, although there is evidence of exposure to forms of antibiotics in what was considered the pre-antibiotic period.
  • Explains the antibacterial qualities of the artemisia plant were extracted and refined in the 1970s. other herbs from chinese traditional medicine also show signs of antimicrobial activity.
  • Explains that paul ehrlich and alexander fleming invented the "magic bullet" that would only target disease-causing microbes, not the host.
  • Explains that alexander fleming discovered penicillin in 1928, on accident due to a messy laboratory. howard florey and ernest chain isolated and purified the penicillin that was needed for testing.
  • Explains that antibiotics are evolving at an alarming fast rate after widespread overuse and misuse for over 70 years.
  • Explains that misused antibiotics are the number one cause in resistant bacteria, and drug resistance is a worldwide problem.
  • Explains how the center for disease control and prevention categorizes drug-resistant superbugs by threat level for the first time.
  • Explains that the cre (carbapenmen-resistant enterobacteriaceae) bacteria are a family of germs that are resistant to all existing antibiotics.
  • Explains that clostridium difficile (c-diff) is a bacterium that causes problems in the colon. symptoms range from mild diarrhea to life-threatening diarrhea.
  • Explains that neisseria gonorrhoeae is a drug resistant strain of gonorrhea. mrsa is resistant to all antibiotics except vancomycin.
  • Opines that antibiotic resistance is a world wide problem and it needs to be addressed worldwide. antibiotics are powerful drugs, but they are not effective against viral infections.
  • Opines that new antibiotics need to be discovered, researched, and tested for human use, despite their cost.
  • Explains that antibiotics are being pumped into farm animals, our food source, for various reasons, and it needs to be stopped. the food and drug administration (fda) is implementing a voluntary plan with industry’s to phase out the use
  • Opines that prevention methods are needed to keep evolving bacteria at its slowest rate. one of the most useful prevention measures is to detect and track the changes and patterns in antibiotic resistant bacteria.
  • Explains that the simplest yet hardest prevention method is to prevent the spread of bacteria and ultimately superbugs between public.
  • Opines that antibiotics have greatly reduced illness and death from infectious diseases since the 1940s. antibiotics need to be used conservatively to maintain their value and to keep resistant bacteria evolving at a slow place.
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