Epistemology And Positivism

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Research, is a process of building up a new concept or testing an existing theory (Cohen et al, 2000). Sikes (2003) adds that research is a method of investigating something intensively, carefully, closely and critically in order to discover a new theory or to confirm or reject previous assumptions.
According to Kumar (2008), research increases our knowledge and understanding about social and physical aspects. It is conducted to establish facts and reach new conclusions. Alzheimer Europe (2009, p.1) report claims that “research is a general term which covers all kinds of studies designed to find responses to worthwhile questions by means of a systematic and scientific approach”.
Yet, to conduct any research project, one of the decisions researchers need to make is how they intend to gather their evidence (Sarantakos, 2005) and an important consideration at this stage relate to whether or not this will entail qualitative or quantitative approach or in some cases a mixture between the two. Consequently, as researchers, it is essential to ask ourselves key questions which could help
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It originated from the empiricist tradition of natural science and perceives social science competent of the same possibilities as in the natural science. To be precise, it is possible to observe the world and understand it as it is without any intervention, thereby rejecting any appearance or reality dichotomy. As in natural science hypothesis is employed to generate theory, which could easily be tested through direct observation. The final aim is to discover general rules and causative statements about social phenomena. This suggests that objectivity is possible. Positivists frequently use quantitative approaches as research methods, because these are objective and the findings could be generalised and replicated (Marsh & Furlong 2002). They search for rationalisation of behaviour, excluding the
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