For example, Locke believed capitalism was the way of the future while Marx believed that capitalism only helped the bourgeoisie while it harmed the proletariat. These men played a huge role in society and influenced the views of some leaders throughout history. Works Cited Locke, John. Second. Treatise of Government.
Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim are considered the founding fathers of sociology and both had profound influence on the development of sociology. However, some may say that they differ dearly in their views about society. Although there are differences in outlooks between the two, one thing noticeable is Marx and Durkheim shared the same concern over society and its development. They were both, in particular concerned with the rise of the modern system of division of labour and the evolution of market society taking place in the domain of modern capitalism. Both approached these developments by introducing a theory of their own to shed light on the effects that modern capitalism had on solidarity and on society’s ability to reproduce itself.
In the end revolution was the inevitable result by the endless exploitation of the workers by the capitalists. Karl Marks was talking about his time in age, but we are starting to see some of these ideas come to light in our own era. An example is “Occupy Wall Street” which is a protest against social and economic inequality. This protest highlights the high unemployment, greed, corruption, and the undue influence of corporations that mainly deal with financial services, and their ties with the government. The wor... ... middle of paper ... ...s time, and his works were used in the building of Communist countries, his visions of needing a balance of Socialism and Capitalism with the removal of religion from government were brilliant.
Also Engels and Marx argued about the exploitation of working class and the interests of the capitalists that affect proletarian. The alienation of man is another reason for Marx to be against capitalism that make human beings denied their true nature. Since old times there was the division of classes, where Marx and Engels opposed to it, because in capitalist societies lead to unequal division of income and welfare. In modern capitalist societies, the critiques of Marx still seems to be relevant, as there is the division of classes and the unequal share and welfare exist until now most seen in countries such as Britain or United States. Marx view in the capitalist society is that capitalism is an economic system where production is done on by employees working with several means of production which belong to their employer.
The evils perpetrated upon the working class, the proletariat are enumerated and the injustice of the capitalist economic system, whereby a few get rich off the labor of many, is outlined. In Marx’s work, the virtues of communism are portrayed. He anticipates and refutes the objections of the bourgeoisie and demonstrate the benefits to be gained by all through communism. Through the appeals of pathos and logos, Marx conveys his ideas of communism through his works of, “The Communist Manifesto”. His works deals largely with contemporary social movements, whose inadequacies are outlines.
Revolution of the working man is discussed and many principles are brought out to dictate the way that many of these workers were treated during this time. Karl Marx’s theory of economic evolution addresses some of these points that are brought out in “Hard Times.” Marxism and economic theory of Marxism was formulated in the 19th century. Karl Marx is said to be the greatest thinker and philosopher of his time. His views on life and the social structure of his time revolutionized the way in that people think of socialism. He created an opportunity for the lower class to rise above the aristocrats, but failed due to the creation of the middle class.
The bourgeoisie’s role in production, and thus revolution, exists in terms of both Marx’s concepts of the base and the superstructure. Marx proposes that the bourgeoisie, through its control of the means of production has succeeded in ruining the common bonds that once created harmony within the public (CM, 475). With regards to the base itself, the bourgeoisie’s unequal control over the means of economic production causes the anger of isolated workers (Wage Labor and Capital (WLC), 216-217). Beyond this, the bourgeoisie also enable revolution as much ... ... middle of paper ... ...g about social change, and even argues that this change will ultimately be inevitable, and lead to the disappearance of the unjust social structures which now surround us. Through this, I feel that Karl Marx was one of the first, if not the first transformational leader in history, which makes him such a historical leader.
However, taking a look at the global economy today, one can clearly see the disparity between developed and developing countries, and the persistence of poverty throughout the world despite the existence of abundant wealth. This modern issue was predicted and explained a hundred and fifty years ago in Karl Marx’s Capital. There were many theories that promotes and explains how the capitalist system works; however, Karl Marx’s Capital is the first one that can explain the imminent relationship between poverty and wealth, inequality and growth under capitalism. ... ... middle of paper ... ...008, American economy suffered a great economic crisis known as “The Great Depression” that affected the country tremendously. This crisis comes from the greed of capitalists and lack of information and understanding of capitalism from the people.
Karl Marx and Robert B. Reich’s works cover an issue of financial inequality between poor and rich population in a global context. Both authors differently described current conditions of wealth people in particular and made different predictions concerning their future. From the Marx’s perspective, wealthiest in a society is bourgeoisie, proprietor of the means of production who exploit the labor of proletariat. (Marx, p.36, 59) According to Reich, wealthiest in the society are symbolic analysts in comparison with routine producers and in-person servers. (Reich, p.1) In “The Communist Manifesto” Marx claimed that conditions of existence and prosperity of bourgeoisie ultimately will be directed toward destruction of bourgeoisie as a class.
Marx and Engels have a great deal of writing in the Wage-labour and Capital dedicated to the struggle between capital and labour that drives the inevitable internationalization of the capitalist system. Marx had foreseen the errors and flaws of capitalism itself. In his writing, he highlights these flaws of capitalism’s self-contradictory characteristics that, “capitalism contains the seeds of its own destruction“ During the time of their writing in the Manifesto of the Communist Party, capitalism was still what it was they had conceptualized it to be at the time. They has seen how the European discovery of America, and even more so with the industrial revolution of Britain and other capitalist countries, has portrayed the characteristic of inevitable expansion of the capitalist system. They had recognized these patterns that were driven by the competitive nature capitalism, and seen the eventual internationalization of capitalism.