Preventing Depression There have been many studies done on depression in females after they have given birth, but very few that explain how poorer African American females feel about different types of treatment (Goodman, Dimidjian, & Williams, 2013). African American females that live at or below poverty level are less likely to receive mediation for depression after birthing a child or to partake in pre-emptive help than any other ethnic group (Goodman, Dimidjian, & Williams, 2013). Pregnant African American women’s attitudes toward perinatal depression prevention a study completed by Sherryl Goodman, Sona Dimidjian, and Kristen Williams was designed to find out the attitudes of these women towards services that reduce or prevent depression so that they could improve treatment among this group of individuals (Goodman, Dimidjian, & Williams, 2013). The questions that the authors were trying to answer by doing this research was; what predilection (if any) do lower income, antenatal African American females have towards different prophylactic processes for depression, will the level of depression affect or influence with prophylactic process the women favor, will previous or current depression influence which method of interference or help the females will chose, and what obstacles hinder or restrict the females from benefiting from the prophylactic use of mediation or medication (Goodman, Dimidjian, & Williams, 2013). There are two types of research that can be conducted in research studies, these are qualitative and quantitative (Newman, 2011). Qualitative research is a process that uses detailed oriented methodology that tries to achieve a profound knowledge or understanding of specific incident and circumstance, wh... ... middle of paper ... ... of outlooks associated with prophylactic methods to treatment of depression and with this knowledge comes a better understanding of what treatment to use (Goodman, Dimidjian, & Williams, 2013). References: American Psychological Association. (2014). Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx?item=3 Gelo, O., Braakmann, D., & Benetka, G. (2008). Quantitative and Qualitative Research: Beyond the Debate. Integrative Psychological & Behavioral Science, 42(3), 266-290. doi:10.1007/s12124-008-9078-3 Goodman, S. H., Dimidjian, S., & Williams, K. G. (2013). Pregnant African American women’s attitudes toward perinatal depression prevention. Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 19(1), 50-57. Newman, M. (2011). Research Methods in Psychology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
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During slavery, African American women were the ones that stayed home all day and cooked and cleaned for their families. These women were always told to just keep quiet and believe in God or their religious belief through everything they were going through. African American women didn’t have a voice in society so they couldn’t express their feelings like others could. This cultural aspect of African American women, just going through life and not being able to express themselves has contributed to many of the ladies suffering from depression. Depression amongst African women is very high because of past cultural experiences. African American women are one of the major groups of people that have sacristy of resources. Many times when African American women go to their doctors the doctors tend to diagnose them incorrectly or some time even give them the wrong treatment (Carrington, C. H. ,2006). African American when were always made to just deal with the problem that they were going through at the time not matter the mood they were in (Carrington, C. H.
Three of the factors studied in the assigned article were positively correlated with the depression symptoms of the women. These symptoms were family conflict, perceived discrimination based on race or ethnicity, and economic insecurity. Other factors studied, including outward orientation of the family and residential mobility, were not very influential of depression in the women. Findings showed that perceived discrimination and economic insecurity were related, because women saw the perceived discrimination as being manifested from their low economic
...roviders. It is the responsibility of all providers of care for pregnant women to take the initiative to implement a process for early screening and education of postpartum mood disorders. With the use of the integrated HBM and the SNSS model the goal of early detection and treatment of postpartum mood disorders can be accomplished through a concerted effort by all stakeholders who include individuals, families, communities, and health care providers. Having experienced some of the most horrific outcomes of untreated postpartum mood disorders, Texas needs to be proactive in requiring early screening and education by Postpartum Depression healthcare providers. In addition Texas needs to fund and make available community resources accessible to all individuals. By doing this, Texas can become one of the pioneers in identifying and treating postpartum mood disorders.
Snowden, Lonnie R. Barriers to Effective Mental Health Services for African Americans. N.p.: n.p., 2001. Print. Mental Health Services Research 4.
Rawlings, James S.; Rawlings, Virginia B.; Read, John A. "Prevalence of Low Birthweight and Preterm Delivery in Relation to the Interval between Pregnancies among White and Black Women." The New England Journal of Medicine, Vol 332, No 2, 1995, p 69-75.
This underserved community has many problems such as preterm birth, teen pregnancy, low use of breastfeeding, and high rate of maternal mortality. Preterm birth is highly prevalent in the community, with 15.5% higher than the Healthy People goal of 11.4%. In addition, teen pregnancy is another concern in the community with being the highest in the Queens, New York City and New York State rate. Queens also has the lowest level of breastfeeding compare to other areas in the New York City. Maternal mortality is three times higher in African American in the NYC area than those of other races. This program focuses on reducing these health disparities and improves the health of those
Divorce for Caucasians and African Americans seems to be a lot more accepted than it once had been. There are so many struggles with divorce like role confusion, behavioral, depression, and psychological issues. These issues are often magnified through a certain race, culture, or socioeconomic class. Lower classes or races struggle even more with single parenthood because of lack of opportunities and the cycle they keep falling into. It makes us wonder why divorce is becoming more common and what the underlying factors are. Through doing this research it helps put into place how African American single parent households are struggling, and what little room for improvement they are provided with. This research has shown more negative outcomes of African American single mother’s compared to the dominant culture single family households. It really seems like a circle that continues through each
Another reason black woman may deny going to mental illness centers are because their resources are limited compared to white women. Whereas for white people, they have unlimited access to health centers that will accommodate to their needs mentally. A lack of adequate health care can significantly contribute to low rates of the treatment of depression among black women. Black women are also more likely to deal with shame about their mental health and depression in the same way as they would be avoiding the emotional toll it takes on them. Another reason why black women tend not to bring up their mental health is only if they have a lack of knowledge of what is happening to them. If black women don’t view depression to be a serious medical condition, some may believe that they would never experience depression. It may seem irrational, but some black women believe that it occurs only within the white community. Black women only can believe the stereotypes or stigmas shown on media about how white people have all these mental issues going with them, as they don’t know the statistics pertaining to other
To explore more about health disparities as it relates to obstetric outcomes, the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology formed a committee to analyze health care for underserved women. Some of their findings were expected but others were truly disconcerting. Overall, 38% of all American females are thought to belong to a racial or ethnic minority group . However, in 2014, non-Hispanic black teen birth rates were twice that of non-Hispanic white teens . The prevalence of teenage pregnancy in these communities has been attributed to a variety of socioeconomic factors including lack of knowledge about and access to contraceptives, lack of parental guidance and supervision especially in single parent homes among
African American women report more frequent encounters with everyday unfair treatment than Caucasian women. African American women who live in the city report a greater number of acute life events as stressors divorce, marriage, job loss, etc. than Caucasian women. It’s no surprise that socioeconomic status, everyday experiences and acute life events each make a significant contribution to differences in women’s health status. Stresses in African American women have been known to be a major factor when it comes to health and emotional wellbeing of black women’s Townsend etal. (2007). Stress in African American women can be brought on by several factors such as having the role as a mother, being a caretaker, and just being head of the household holding down a job so you handle the bills. Studies have showed that many black women have increased health issues. Many black women encounter more negative symptoms when it comes to stress such as stomach aches, dizziness, sleep disturbances, eating issues, and depression, all of these symptoms can lead a women into major health issues (2007). A study was performed to measure stress, depression, and different coping mechanisms to help them handle high levels of stress that may come with being and African American women (2007). They found that stress and mental health in the current sample provides a better reasoning for this study. The researcher also gathered information that stress could be a strategy for several health issues that may influence African American women population. In conducting their study depression was looked at to be compared to emotion focused and different problem coping skills. The researcher gathered from the overall study that teaching black women more emotion focused and problem coping strategies it could possible help lessen
Some researchers exclusively use quantitative (one) or qualitative (the other) research approaches citing that there are differences in the two styles. Professing quantitatively an objective truth and a single reality or promoting qualitatively a subjective truth and multiple realities (Castellan, 2010). It is also possible, and maybe even desirable to use both qualitative and quantitative methods combined, but if doing so, the researcher needs to be warned that it is very difficult to maintain the integrity of each approach when completing a comprehensive qualitative study while conducting a sophisticated quantitative study (Castellan, 2010). In comparing two assigned research studies, we
Similar to gender, on a biological basis, being born a particular race does not necessarily predisposition one for ill mental health. However, there are recorded trends of certain racial groups experiencing some specific psychological disorders more than others. For example, a report published by Toronto Public Health in 2013 examined rates of depression between racialized groups. The report found that Black individuals were at greater risk of depressive symptoms in comparison to the White individuals (Ansara et al., 2013). In addition, a separate study conducted in 2008 revealed that American Indians showed greater risk for post-traumatic stress disorder and alcohol dependence, but lower risk for major depression (McGuire et al., 2008). When examining possible reasons for certain racial groups to be a greater risk for particular mental disorders, similar to gender, it is important to examine unique social experiences that may be more attributable to certain racial groups. Social inequities, racial discrimination, poverty, and marginalization of racialized groups can have an eviscerating effect on these people. Despite these trends, the most important factor to be aware of is that racial and ethnic minorities have less access to mental health service, compared to Whites. As well, they are less likely to receive