The British English was the language which had the biggest influence on current American English. Thus, it is important to introduce the features of British English. As we know from the History, the Germanic tribes, namely the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes invaded Britain and pushed away the Celtic language already spoken there. This way the Old English was developed. It is quite difficult to understand it even for the contemporary Native English speakers.
GRAMMAR During Early Modern English period, English language developed excellently. At that time, English has richer lexicon, less complicated grammar, monosyllabic characters, and euphonious pronunciation. Due to these developments, the influence of Latin is declining. English is made compulsory to learn in the school for its own language rather than a device to learn Latin, before. Regarding this situation, the demand for translated piece from Latin and Greek increased rapidly since reading become a trend at that time.
Since then, every great civilization has had a written language, each with its own unique characteristics. However, it was the writin... ... middle of paper ... ...echnology permitted these demands to be met at an unprecedented rate. As a result, the 19th century was an inventive and prolific period for new typeface designs, ranging from new categories such as Egyptians and sans serif to fanciful and outrageous novelty styles. Wood-type printing allowed new typefaces to be created and used for printing cheaper than ever before. Technological advances permitted machine-set typography to be printed on machine-manufactured paper with high-speed steam-powered printing presses.
As many different peoples came to invade England, they brought their unique languages with them. By doing this, the English language started absorbing vocabulary and grammar rules form a huge number of language sources (Boeree, 2004). The English language morphed and mutated to fit the needs of the speakers. New words are created to refer to new ideas, objects, and technologies clearly and competently. Throughout history, words from around the world came into England that changed the very nature of the language.
Runes: Clues to Uncovering the Past The runic alphabet is an ancient Germanic alphabet that was used throughout Northern Europe, Scandinavia, the British Isles, and Iceland from the first century C.E. well into the Middle Ages. This alphabet, used by the Anglo-Saxons and shared with other Germanic peoples, was brought to England at the time of the Anglo-Saxon invasions . While runes enjoyed widespread usage among the peoples of the area, there is no concrete agreement as to the origin of this writing system. Runes fell into disuse as the Roman alphabets became the preferred script of most of Europe, but their forms and meanings were preserved in inscriptions and manuscripts.
2.1 Old English (449-1100) According to A. Campbell (1959:1), Old English also known as Anglo Saxon is ''the vernacular Germanic language of great Britain as it is recorded in manuscripts and inscriptions dating from before about 1100''. The Old English period was marked by such important historical events as occupation of Great Britain by Angles, Saxons, Jutes, and Frisians in 449;conversion to Christianity and introducing of writing; Scandinavian invasion in 787; reign of King Alfred in 871,who promoted the translation of Latin works into English, and composing of the Old English epic Beowulf in
At first,I will discuss the phonological features or the sound systems of American English.American English was influenced with features from the own varieties of the Scottish and Irish settlers who were already English speakers, for example, pronunciation of r after vowels ,while many British English speakers were losing the r after vowels. For example, most Canadians and Americans pronounce an r sound after the vowel in words like barn, car, card and farther, while speakers fro... ... middle of paper ... ...hat American English can be recognized as a variety of English distinct from British English, Australian English, and other national varieties in many of its and grammatical constructions. To conclude, American English is the variety of the English language spoken in the United States. American English has grown up with the country. Most people around the world who learn English as a second language learn either American English or British English.American English is taught more and more, however, because of the worldwide success of American business and technology.
The Norse myths were fashioned after the fall of the Roman empire. During the expansion of the Roman empire, the Romans were able to get all the way to Britain, which is farther west than the Scandinavian countries where these myths originated. The Vikings made many expeditions into Britain. So it is a very realistic thought that the Vikings could have been exposed to the stories of the Greek and Roman gods. It is also possible that the Vikings could have extrapolated parts of the Roman stories into their own.
The Foreign elements in English Language English is a West Germanic language brought to Britain by Germanic invaders. A majority of the words used in English today are of foreign origin. English still derives much of its vocabulary from Latin and Greek, but we have also borrowed words from nearly all of the languages in Europe. A large portion of the modern English vocabulary has come from the Anglo-Norman languages. English is considered as a ‘’borrowing’’ language.
On the second level, is the process and battles the language underwent to achieve linguistic hegemony amongst other world languages. The evolution of English into the form we know today can be traced back to the amalgamation and assimilation of many different languages and dialects on the British Isles. Linguists and historians have traced the beginning of English to an Anglo-Frisian dialect brought to Britain by a group of Germanic invaders known as the Angles, Saxons and Jutes during the 5th century AD. The invaders called their language ‘Anglisc’ and this is where the modern words English and England originate. The English of this time period is widely known as “Old English” and would be unintelligible to speakers of modern day English.