Their reaction times to the photos was much quicker, but often they were inaccurate and they assumed most of the pictures were spiders even though it was made to look more like a flower. This was an informational and interesting article on the specific phobia of spiders. I hope to pursue clinical and counseling psychology in the future and I assume I will have to perform experiments like this one as I work toward my degree.
According to him, the physiological process occurs immediately after the perception of a stimulus. Thus the heart will start racing immediately a person sees a snake. However, the feeling part of the emotion only occurs after the person has consciously analyzed the situation. Thus, fear comes as a result of cognitively analyzing and understanding the real danger that is posed by the snake. This theory would help explain the reason children do not fear snakes and will even play with them.
Members of society often naively support the usage of pesticides, and the lenient governing produces unforeseen detriments to society’s health. Scientific research proves pesticides to encompass harmful effects to people and their health; they have been proven to cause a plethora of diseases, including the neurological condition Parkinson’s (Source A). Parkinson’s impairs the part of the brain that controls movement, and pesticides directly target the brain (Source A). Source A states Parkinson’s disease was the “latest edition” to the ever-growing multitude of diseases linked to pesticide exposure. Likewise, many scientists do not fully understand how pesticides harm the surroundings, “The USGS report also indicated ... ... middle of paper ... ...th stricter regulation than current times.
Some of these fears include those of the unknown, the dark, animals, sounds. These are all examples of phobias that can not be explained in infants and small children. Scientists explain that in earlier times people had a better reason to be afraid of the dark due to the fact of today's advanced technology. Some people are afraid of animals (dogs and cats) in earlier times people lived in tribes that were not heavily protected, most were only surrounded by twigs and sharp branches, yet this did not always keep the predators out. In that age humans were the prey and warriors would give their lives to protect the only home the tribe people have.
A common everyday misconception is that phobias have a positive side effect on your personality, while in reality, phobias have a negative effect on you and your personality. For example, arachnophobia, the fear of spiders, causes one to have a change in personality changes, be unreasonable, and cause negative effects on your life. There have been many new discoveries made about phobias, and multiple treatments found, yet many people still find themselves facing an everyday dilemma when it comes to dealing with phobias. Phobias usually pertain no real harm. For example, Arachnophobia (which is the fear of spiders) allows it victims to live in a world full of fear, while in reality even a black widows bite will only cause small noticeables symptoms, such as cramps and nausea in extreme cases.
Fear is something that has helped keep mankind and other animals alive. I believe that many of our fears have been caused by evolution. Take, for instance, some peoples fear of snakes. Many individuals hold a fear of them. For some their fear could have been triggered by an experience they had as a child, like stepping on a snake while playing in the backyard.
Everyone in life has fears, it’s a natural way our brains process certain objects or situations that may be dangerous. Common fears may be heights or spiders; some would rationally go out of their way to avoid these, but this is quite different from having a phobia. A phobia is an irrational distress with a particular object or concept/idea. Although fears are well known now, they do not have to disrupt the lives of those who are living them. Throughout the essay there will be three different treatments with three different phobias in ways to cure a phobia; the first is a trauma-focused treatment approach for travel phobia, assessment and treatment for childhood phobias, and hypnosis in facilitating clinical treatment of injections.
The amygdala, part of the limbic system in the brain is responsible for the emotion of fear. When in fear, an individual's sympathetic nervous system, in charge of the fight-or-flight response is activated, sending hormones (epinephrine/adrenaline) thr... ... middle of paper ... ...ptive and maladaptive components, meaning that as adaptive, the emotion increases survival rate, mate selection and reproductive success, while maladaptive decreases. Fear is adaptive in that the early hunter-gatherers often picked vegetation from fields overflowing with snakes, venomous or not, and were required to develop a keen sense to snakes that could jeopardize their survival as well as their offsprings'. Fear of snakes allowed the hunter-gatherers to dodge venomous snake bites, allowing potential mate selection and reproduction in the future. Fear of a situation could potentially be maladaptive because it may cause an individual to not want to leave their comfort zone and meet new people, decreasing their chances of mate selection and reproduction.
Periodically, there are news stories about a giant pet snake that eats a kid, or a pet cobra that escapes and terrorizes a town. Most people think these stories are exaggerated, however, these stories are completely true. People keep exotic animals as pets for the wow factor. Humans believe they can control all animals regardless if the animal is dangerous or not. Some people like keeping deadly animals in their house because it gives them that shock factor.
Some animals however, like to get wet so the motion sprinklers will not necessarily work on all. Ultrasonic sound burst devices detect when an animal is near and sends out a two second ultrasonic sound burst. These bursts can be heard by animals but not by humans so they may have a hard time figuring out when the batteries run out or when it is broken. Electric fences can sometimes hurt animals, including pets that are allowed to be in our backyards. Fake smells of the animal’s enemy can also help scare the animal away.