Edgar Allan Poe

analytical Essay
4000 words
4000 words

Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe is one American author whose name is known to almost everyone. Edgar is known for his elegant poems and for being a tough critic of refined tastes, but also for being the first master of the short story form, especially tales of mystery. He has a talent of having an extraordinary hold upon the readers imagination and not letting lose. Many advents of Edgar’s life has probably led to the strange, but successful and renowned pieces of American literature.

On January 19th 1809, Eliza Arnold Poe gave birth to her second child, Edgar Poe, in Boston, Massachusetts. Eliza was a very talented actress who was very devoted to her acting. She had made her debut at the age of nine and was much praised for her talent and maturity, as well as her beauty and charm. David Poe who had begun acting after meeting Eliza was ridiculed by the press for his acting unlike his wife. David, ashamed of his unsuccessfulness and shadowed by his more famous wife, left her and their now three kids. Eliza, unable to support her three children alone, became a charity case. In October of 1811 she gave up acting when she became seriously ill. On December 8th, 1811, at age 24 Eliza Poe died leaving her three children without homes.

Frances Allan, one woman who had been part of the charity helping Eliza, had convinced her husband John Allan to let them take little Edgar in, but they never formally adopted him. John had promised David Poe’s relatives that Edgar would receive a proper and good education. John sent Edgar at the age of five to a teacher named Clotilda Fisher and then after that to William Ewing, the Richmond School master. Mr. Ewing noted that Edgar was quite charming and enjoyed school.

The Allans decided to move their tobacco trading company to London where the tobacco industry had been in a depression. Edgar receive his first formal education in London. He was at first sent to board with Mrs. Doubourg, which was only 3 miles from where the Allans lived. Later he was sent to board with reverend John Bransby, at Stoke Newington where he studied among the obvious, Latin and dance. John who was very preoccupied with his business, neglected Edgar and Mrs Allan, didn’t help his feeling of neglect any better due to her frequently getting ill. The tobacco industry collapsed after only three years of their stay, and the...

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...engagement was broken off. Edgar returned to Richmond in 1989 hoping to find financial support for his own journal, but was unsuccessful. He, however, reunited with Elmira, his first love, who had been widowed, and they re-engaged. Edgar, then, sailed from Richmond to Baltimore in Oct. 1849. A short time later, Edgar Allan Poe was found outside a polling place, in a state of delirium. He was rushed to a nearby hospital and died several days later on October 7th, 1849, at the age of forty.

Edgar Allan Poe led a strange and unusually hard life, but through his experiences he produced many outstanding and wonderful works which have with out a doubt contributed to American Literature in several different areas. His stories are treasured by an immense readership. Although, Poe was quiet popular for his gothic tales, he was also well known for being and accomplished humorist, which is seen in many of his short stories. Poe was credited for singlehandedly inventing the detective story. No other played a more crucial role in shaping and developing the aesthetic theory, in the nineteenth-century, than Edgar Allan Poe. Thus, Poe remains a permanent fixture of our literary culture.

In this essay, the author

  • Explains that edgar allan poe is known for his elegant poems and for being a tough critic of refined tastes. he is also the first master of the short story form, especially tales of mystery.
  • Narrates how eliza arnold poe gave birth to her second child, edgar, on january 19th 1809 in boston, massachusetts.
  • Explains that frances allan convinced her husband john to let them take edgar in, but they never formally adopted him. john promised david poe’s relatives that edgar would receive a proper and good education.
  • Describes how the allans moved their tobacco trading company to london where the tobacco industry had been in a depression. edgar received his first formal education in london and was sent to stoke newington where he studied latin and dance.
  • Explains that edgar was an excellent runner, leaper, boxer and a strong swimmer. he attended the academy of joseph h. clarke, and then studied with burke.
  • Explains that edgar enrolled at the university of virginia in 1826 at age seventeen. he excelled in his language classes, latin, french, and spanish. his sadness was caused by his first romantic interest, elmira royster.
  • Narrates how edgar's moods and gloominess, which john allan took as unappreciation for everything he had done for edgar, caused more quarrels with john.
  • Analyzes how the strain between edgar and john grew during 1827. edgar could not stand it any longer and moved out of the allan’s home.
  • Describes how edgar returned to his birthplace, boston, and began making a living of his own. he wrote for small newspapers and published the forty-page booklet "tamerlane and other poems".
  • Narrates how edgar decided to join the united states army in 1827 and was promoted to sergeant major for artillery.
  • Narrates how edgar left the u.s. army to become a cadet in richmond on april 15th 1829. john became impatient and accused edgar of misleading him. the quarrels grew when edgar began to have financial problems.
  • Analyzes how john allan became nervous after his wife's death and became involved with elizabeth wills, the mother of their illegitimate twins. edgar continued to write to john and even tried drawing a picture of himself for john.
  • Narrates how edgar continued to write poetry while living in baltimore and sent some of his poems to american monthly which published them as "sickly rhymes". he published more poems in a volume, which is unknown whether was supported by john allan or not.
  • Describes how edgar gained admission to west point in the spring of 1930. he was appointed to a cadetship and signed for five years of duty to the united states.
  • Narrates how edgar became upset when the news of john allan's marriage to a woman twenty years younger, named louisa patterson, came to him. he decided to leave west point, but john refused to answer.
  • Analyzes how edgar returned to baltimore to live among his father's family and published new poems which showed his performance in mixing the past and present, dream and reality, myth and science.
  • Narrates how edgar moved to baltimore to spend time with his family and meet his blood relatives, including his first cousins, elizabeth herring, virginia clemm, and neilson poe. their reunion and happiness ended abruptly when william died due to "intemperance."
  • Narrates how edgar turned to fiction instead of poetry, hoping to make more money. edgar entered a contest in the saturday courier for "the best american tale", but the judges were impressed by his work.
  • Narrates how edgar learned of the birth of john allan's and his new wife’s son in august 1831. edgar did not ask for money but mentioning that he was 'wretchedly poor'.
  • Narrates how edgar accepted edger's advice from thomas willis, who had just begun a new magazine in richmond. edgar had fallen in love with his thirteen-year-old cousin and now had the chance to support her and maria.
  • Analyzes how edgar returned to baltimore and married virginia. he wrote back to thomas willis asking for his old job back, but could not risk edgar’s drinking again. edgar performed all duties of an editor and worked on his writings.
  • Narrates how edgar, maria, and virginia stayed in richmond for sixteen months, but he felt uncomfortable living there because it reminded him of john allan. they moved to new york, where edgar became interested in getting a government job.
  • Explains that edgar's busiest period was when he wrote many reviews and his own articles. he continued his job with poor pay because it gave him much recognition and enriched his reputation.
  • Narrates how virginia grew ill, and edgar pushed her to sing and study in hope to strengthen her, but by january 1942 she began to bleed from her mouth as she sang.
  • Analyzes how edgar tried to set up his own magazine but failed due to alcohol abuse. he published autobiographical pieces and reviewed english authors to gain more recognition in england.
  • Narrates how edgar allan poe went into a spiraling downfall after virginia's death. he returned to richmond in 1989 hoping to find financial support for his journal, but was unsuccessful.
  • Explains that edgar allan poe led a strange and unusually hard life, but through his experiences he produced many outstanding and wonderful works which contributed to american literature in several different areas.
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