Eating Disorders in Sports

1398 Words6 Pages
Introduction General Background The occurrence of eating disorders are a serious problem worldwide. A major problem with this disease, abnormal eating behaviour that can threaten your health or even your life,(1) is that the mortality prevalence rates are highest among those who are not under professional care: per 100 000 females, 370 die suffering from Anorexia Nervosa and 1500 women with Bulimia die.(2) The worldwide prevalence of eating disorders among athletes, 0-19% for men, and 6-45% for women, is higher than the prevalence within the general population.(3) According to the Trimbos Institute, the presence of an eating disorder at some point in time for Dutch civilians is 0.7%.(4) However no specific prevalence numbers are available for the Dutch athlete population. The development and existence of eating disorder pathology is harmful for body functions and mental health; a lack of energy availability, menstrual dysfunction, persisting psychological distress and even death.(5)Due to the fact that, for many people with eating disorders, body image, dieting and over exercising is part of their everyday lives, the focus in this study is on sportswomen- and men. (3) Different types of eating disorders are historically described in the DSM-5. The two main types of eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia, respectively 'distorted body image and excessive dieting that leads to severe weight loss with a pathological fear of becoming fat' and 'frequent episodes of binge eating followed by inappropriate behaviours such as self-induced vomiting to avoid weight gain'.(6) In this study, no diagnose is made for the participants. In stead, measurements of eating disorder pathology has been performed throughout a self-completio... ... middle of paper ... ...tp://www.kenniscentrum-kjp.nl/app/webroot/files/tmpwebsite/Downloadable_PDFs_Instrumenten/edi_ii.pdf 10. Klasey N. Review of the Literature Regarding Female Collegiate Athletes with Eating Disorders and Disordered Eating [Internet]. Online Submission. Online Submission; 2009. Available from: http://ezproxy.lib.ucalgary.ca/login?url=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=eric&AN=ED506458&site=ehost-live 11. Sundgot-Borgen J, Torstveit MK. Prevalence of eating disorders in elite athletes is higher than in the general population. Clin J Sport Med. 2004;14(1):25–32. 12. Beals KA, Manore MM. Behavioral, psychological, and physical characteristics of female athletes with subclinical eating disorders. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2000;10(2):128–43. 13. Twisk PJWR. Inleiding in de toegepaste biostatistiek. 1st ed. Maarssen: Elsevier gezondheidszorg; 2007.
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