Wilson, G.T., & Zandberg, L.J. (2012). Cognitive-behavioral guided self-help for eating disorders: effectiveness and scalability. Clinical Psychology Review, 32(4), 343-357.
To be diagnosed with anorexia nervosa, an individual must have a significantly low body weight due to food restriction as well as an unjustifiably acute fear weight gain. The patient must also possess a warped perception of their body, place a high value on weight or shape, or are in denial about their unhealthy condition (Comer, 2013). Many suffering from anorexia nervosa spend time thinking and reading about food (Comer, 2013). Anorexic patients tend to severely overestimate body size and have beliefs that support abstaining from ingesting food due to maladaptive thinking patterns (Comer, 2013). Sleep disruption conditions occur with Anorexia Nervosa (Comer, 2013).
S. L. McElroy, A. I. Guerdjikova, B. Martens, P. E. Keck Jr., H. G. Pope, and J. I. Hudson, “Role of antiepileptic drugs in the management of eating disorders,” CNS Drugs. http://link.springer.com/article/10.2165/00023210-200923020-00004#page-1. 2009. 7. Hay PJ, Claudino AM.
These can come in the forms of starvation, eating a tremendously low calorie diet daily, purging one’s self after over eating. and/or the over use of laxatives in order to lose undesired weight. Generally people who have the personality traits of being neurotic, obsessive, and/ or perfectionist typically tend to be the people who are more likely to develop this disorder. (Beidel, D and Bulik, C) Anorexia can be linked to people who have undergone some type of trauma or depression. They also are more likely to resist treatment.
Guilt and hopelessness immediately follows (Tanofsky, 2007). Children exposed to bullying because of being overweight are more likely to develop binge eating behavior (Tanofsky-Kraff et al., 2013). This adds stress to the child’s low self-esteem. Parents can be responsible for critical comments. Parental psychopathology also influences eating disorders.
Therefore CT views an individual'... ... middle of paper ... ...er characteristics predict outcome in the treatment of bulimia nervosa. International Journal of Eating Disorders. 13(4):349-357. Thackwray, D., Smith, M., Bodfish, J. & Meyers, A.
(2006) Practice guideline for the treatment of patients with eating disorders, Third edition Washington D.C.: American Psychiatric Association. (http://www.karwautz.at/documents/apaedsguideline2006.pdf ). Original Citation found in Bosch, Amanda, Raymond Miltenberger, Amy Gross, Peter Knudson and Carrie Breitwieser. 2008. "Evaluation of Extinction as a Functional Treatment for Binge Eating."
Gearhardt, Ashley N., et al. "Neural correlates of food addiction." Archives of general psychiatry 68.8 (2011): 808-816. Corwin, Rebecca L., and Patricia S. Grigson. "Symposium overview—food addiction: fact or fiction?."
(2010). Outcome from a randomized controlled trial of group therapy for binge eating disorder: Comparing dialectical behavior therapy adapted for binge eating to an active comparison group therapy.Behavior Therapy, 41(1), 106-120.
The other is, intense fear of becoming fat, even though under average weight. The last one is, Disturbance in the way in which one’s body weight or shape is experienced, undue influence of body weight or shape on self- evaluation, or denial of the seriousness of low body weight (Long 15). Anorexia Nervosa has two specific types, one is Restricting type and the other is Binge-Eating/Purging type. Restricting type during the current episode of Anorexia Nervosa, the person has not regularly engaged in binge- eating or purging behavior. In Binge- Eating /Purging type, during the current episode of Anorexia Nervosa, the person has regularly engaged in binge-eating/purging behavior (Rockwell 10).