Earliest Civilization is the Region of Mesopotamia Because of Their Language of Cuneiform

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A civilization is recognized as such by its form of written language. For this reason, the earliest civilization is recognized in the region of Mesopotamia with their language of Cuneiform. This ancient form of written language was inscribed on clay tablets that still remain in tact and are being salvaged hundreds of thousands of years later. Even more impressive than just writing the language, however, is the ancient Babylonians’ early mathematical discoveries. These were also recorded with cuneiform and recorded on clay tablets, and like the language, served as an early interpretation of mathematical principles that influence arithmetic all over the world today.

Dating back to the second and third milennia BC, Babylonians were so advanced as to having arithmetic tables established, however, perhaps their biggest influence was the establishment of a sexiagesimal numeral system. This means that the Babylonians were pioneers in the aspect that they established a number system based on the numeral sixty. As it is a highly factorable number, Babylonians recognized 60 to be of great value in tracking and calculations and configurations. The Babylonians divided the day into 24 hours, each hour into 60 minutes, each minute into 60 seconds. This form of counting has survived for 4000 years. We use 5; 25, 30 for this sexagesimal number. Fast forward several thousand years, and we use the number sixty as a basis for seconds, minutes, and even 360 degrees in a circle, the world’s most incredulous shape. There is no clear reason why the Babylonians chose the sexagesimal system. It is possible they selected it in the interest of metrology according to Theon of Alexandria, a commentator of the fourth century. Time and angular measurement s...

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...onians for are the calendar, units of measurement including length, volume, and weight, the 360 degree circle, knowledge of lunar eclipses, square roots, and exponents. Obviously, the Babylonians were a fascinating people, and studying about them offers many insights into their culture. It is so important for modern people to look back on the contributions of this amazing society and to ponder what can be learned from them and their inventions. Today’s society and mathematical understanding would not be nearly as advanced if it had not been for the Babylonians. The people of today are forever indebted to them. Their achievements in mathematics are astounding to modern minds because we assume that such mathematical concepts are more modern in origin. But the proof is there, on those tablets, the ones baked in the Sun. Math in ancient Babylon was advanced indeed.
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