Therefore, Mesopotamia is a civilization because it made major contributions in the fields of Writing and Science, it had people beginning to specialize in occupations and it had a state religion. First of all, Mesopotamia can be considered a civilization because of the contributions it made in the fields of Writing and Science. One of its most important contribution, was the development of one of the first systems of writing. With the increase of farming and trade, the people of Mesopotamia developed a way of keeping records and communicating through cuneiform script. Cuneiform began as a series of pictograms pressed onto clay tablets but soon these pictograms turned into more abstract symbols.
From the eight century to the fifteenth century, Spain was the settling point for Muslims. After they settled in Spain, Muslims began to foc... ... middle of paper ... ...The impact that Islamic culture had on the West can be seen in literature, mathematics, astronomy, architecture, and many more subjects. For example, Islamic architecture and technique inspired many structures like the Capella Palatine in Palermo, the Palazza Vecchio of Florence, and San Marco in Venice. Islamic contributions helped Western society become more knowledgeable and influenced many new ideas and research, like the idea of college, the new mathematics, and medicine.
The myth of Daedalus and Icarus is a classic example of the consequences of gaining too much knowledge. Remnants of this tale can be seen throughout the western world an in some of the greatest literature. The Greeks are known for their contributions to government, culture and philosophy. Their influence can still be seen today. The Greeks produced ideas that laid the groundwork for modern civilizations and they pushed the boundaries of knowledge in several areas.
Islam and Science The 6th century Islamic empire inherited the scientific tradition of late antiquity. They preserved it, elaborated it, and finally, passed it to Europe (Science: The Islamic Legacy 3). At this early date, the Islamic dynasty of the Umayyads showed a great interest in science. The Dark Ages for Europeans were centuries of philosophical and scientific discovery and development for Muslim scholars. The Arabs at the time assimilated the ancient wisdom of Persia and the classical heritage of Greece, as well as adapting their own ways of thinking (Hitti 363).
There are many important achievements of these ancient civilizations that have had an impact on western civilization Such as, how their trading networks with each other made the ancient and modern world more diverse and multicultural, contributed to our many traditions and contributed to our way of life and the techonological and scientific advances we use in our daily life. However, I'd like to focus on the achievements of two great ancient civilizations, how those achievements influenced the rise of the Western Civilization, and have contributed to our modern day. One of the civilizations that made many influential contributions to western civilization is the Ancient Greek civilization. Most of their impact on western civilization was from their golden age. Three of their greatest achievements included the arts and artchitcture, advances in science and math, and in political science.
The advancements have helped the Jewish, Christian, and Muslim religious conventions to the West. Yet a considerably more essential viewpoint and logic that undergirds Western society initially showed up after 1000 BC in old Greece. Despite the fact that the Greeks acquired an extraordinary arrangement from the former Med... ... middle of paper ... ...the Arabian Peninsula worshiped symbols. These tribes habitually battled with each other. Every tribe had its own traditions representing marriage, hospitality, and vengeance.
The historical significance that the Neolithic Period left behind was organizing people around a central authority governed by laws giving stability for both peace and war time. Mesopotamian Civilization was a period that lasted from (3000-1595 B.C.E. ).Mesopotamia was an area of land between the Euphrates and Tigris Rivers. It was here that the Sumerian discovered many new ways to advance both Mesopotamia and later empires. Mesopotamia was the birth place for writing by the use of pictographs and ideograms.
The Ancient Western World has contributed to the globalization of life today from generations past to present. Many influences from the ancient times has structured the way nations today are run. Going back into time gives insight to how civilization was formed of empires evolving from one era to the next. Exploring the Babylonian, Charlemagne, and Mongolian Empires will reveal life in regards to social lifestyles, political views, and military. The Babylonian Empire rose to power by overtaking Jerusalem and destroying their King Solomon.
The Iliad has been a tremendous force in the development of Western culture and the impacts from the modern dominant ideologies derived from the culture are felt globally. In particular, the traditional patriarchal nature of the Iliad presents an intriguing allegory with the values of the later western cultures. It is crucial to make the link between the Iliad and the schooling of the educated classes. Although the classics have been largely deemphasized in contemporary secondary and tertiary education they formed a significant basis of an education prior to the 20th century (Denham). The “rediscovery” of these texts during the medieval period magnified their importance in perpetuating beliefs present in the upper crust of society.
Over the years, literature of ancient Greece and Rome has affected art, religion, philosophy, science and mathematics, medicine, drama, and poetry profoundly. It has served as a basic model for the development of later European literatures and, consequently, the writings of the historians, geographers, philosophers, scientists, and rhetoricians are read today as sources of historical information and enjoyment. Alfred Whitehead, the famous British philosopher-mathematician, once commented that: “[A]ll philosophy is but a footnote to Plato” (Comptons Encyclopedia). A similar point can be made regarding Greek literature as a whole. The Greek world of thought was far ranging and ideas discussed today have been previously debated by ancient writers.