Developmental Theory

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Choose one of the theorists and give a summary of the developmental theory. The theorist that I chose to give a summary on is Jean Piaget. Piaget believed that there were four stages of cognitive development that every child goes through. These include the sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational period. The sensorimotor stage is the first stage in cognitive development. The second stage is the Pre-operational stage. The third stage in his theory is the Concrete operational stage. The fourth stage is his theory is the Formal operational stage. Every child goes through each stage. In the first stage (Birth -2yrs, “Infants and toddlers acquire knowledge through sensory experiences and manipulating objects” (Cherry, 2016, p.1). In the second stage (2-7 years), children can think about different things symbolically and they learn a lot through play. Children can make an object or word stand for something other than just itself and still have some struggles understanding logic. The third stage (7-11 years), children can work out problems within their own head, and begin to think more logically and they better understand their way of thinking through their …show more content…

Piaget also thought that when children were playing, they were doing it for pleasure and did not result in the children learning new things. Piaget also thought that when children were playing, they were only reflecting what they already knew and that play does not necessarily teach them anything new. When children play, they interact with other children, it helps them by promoting their social-cognitive development. When children have interactions through play, it helps children to understand that other children also have different perspectives not just their own. “Play, for Piaget, provides children with opportunities to develop social competence through ongoing interactions” (Frost, Wortham & Reifel, 2014, p.

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