Z., & Allison, K. W. (2010S).African american psychology, from africa to america. (2nd ed., pp. 96-112). Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publications, Inc. Fischer, A. R., & Shaw, C. (1999). African americans mental health and perceptions of racist discrimination: The moderating effects of racial socialization experiences and self-esteem.
Negative Views about AAs People of African descent have been viewed negatively by European descendants since the e... ... middle of paper ... ...research: An exploratory study. Journal of the National Medical Association, 98(1), 18-27. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com.library.capella.edu/docview/214053994?accountid=27965 Mental Health and African Americans. (2012, December 5). OMH Content.
In fact, depression looks different for the typical black patient, than the typical white depressed patient. (Fabrega, 1988). However, according to the literature depression among African-Americans needs further investigation. African American elderly subjects have been underrepresented in studies of institutional and community-based long- term care. (Teresi, et al., 2002).
More specifically, the transitions associated with later life like retirement, medical problems, death of a loved ones, reduced social networks leads to depression in aging population (National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2009). It is seen that depression is one of the most common mental disorder among adults aged 65 and older (National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2009).Depression is associated with anxiety and suffering that can lead to physical, mental, and social impairments. The presence of depressive disorders often negatively impact the course and complicates the treatment of other chronic diseases too (National Alliance on Mental Illness, 2009).According to National Alliance of Mental Illness there are more than two million of the 40 million Americans age 65 and older who suffer from some form of depression (National Alliance of Mental Illness (NAMI), 2009). Additionally, in the epidemiological and other community-based studies it was found that older adults who are homebound due to multiple chronic illness and disability suffered from depressive symptoms more than those who are able to walk around without assistive device (Choi,Sire & Bruce,2013).Homebound older adults are... ... middle of paper ... ...erapy for late life Depression. Society of biological psychiatry, 52: 293-303.
African-Americans who are making end of life decisions of... ... middle of paper ... ...urce for bereavement support. Journal of Pastoral Counseling, 3847-57. Retrieved from Academic Search Complete database. Rhodes, R., Teno, J., & Welch, L. (2006). Access to hospice for african americans: Are they informed about the option of hospice?.
Exploring the Social and Community Context of African American Adolescents' HIV Vulnerability. Qualitative Health Research, 1541-1550. Retrieved May 6, 2014, from the Sage Journals database. Lightfoot, M. A., & Milburn, N. G. (2009). HIV prevention and African American youth: examination of individual-level behavior is not the only answer.
Alzheimer’s disease is the most common dementia that destroys brain cells and causes problems with memory, thinking and behaviour. According to recent statistics (Alzheimer's Association, 2010), Alzheimer’s is the 7th-leading cause of death in the USA with the number of people suffering from AD only in America over 5.3 million. It affects more women than men, causing differences in symptoms depending on gender. There is no cure which can guarantee a recovery for diseased people to date. However, more possible cures exist for diseased females.
Policy as intervention: environmental and policy approaches to the prevention of cardiovascular disease. American Journal of Public Health, 85(9), 1207-1211. Weiss, G. L., & Lonnquist, L. E. (2011). The sociology of health, healing, and illness (7 ed.). Boston: Prentice Hall.
Works Cited Kennedy, B. R., Mathis, C. C., & Woods, A. K. (2007)? African Americans and their distrust of health care system: healthcare for diverse populations. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 14(2), 56-60. Oliver, M. N., Wells, K. M., Joy-Gaba, J., Hawkins, C. B., & Nosek, B. A.
(2003). The social psychological costs of racial segmentation in the workplace:a study of african americans' well-being. Journal of health and social behavior, 44(3), 332-352. Jewelll, N., & Russell, K. (1992). Current health status of african americans.