Many people believe that Native Americans are a disadvantaged group of individuals in many ways. Culturally, in that many of the cultures of the various tribes across the Americas were taken from them by Europeans and their descendants. Socially, in that they are unlike other minorities in the United States because of their extra-constitutional status; and even medically, stemming from the general belief that Natives are at a higher risk for disease than other ethnicities due to tobacco and alcohol use, especially when used together (Falk, Hiller-Sturmhöfel, & Yi, 2006). Mental illness is an addition to all of the previously listed perceived disadvantages of Native Americans by those of other ethnicities. Many believe that Native Americans are at a higher risk for mental illness than those of European descent. Many also believe that Native Americans have more people suffer from depression than their white counterparts (Stark & Wilkins, American Indian Politics and the American Political System, 2011). There have been studies conducted to test whether or not this is the case, with mixed results. Some studies say that Natives are at a higher risk and others say they are not. This discrepancy makes the answer unclear. If Natives are actually at a higher risk for and have more people suffering from depression than individuals of European descent, the question to ask is, “why?” Several factors play into depression and other mental illness, including biology, social standing, history, family, and any preexisting/comorbid diseases that could contribute to or cause depression. It is not common knowledge, but people can be genetically predisposed to develop depression during their lives. Depression runs in families. It can be passed d... ... middle of paper ... ...h/boarding/carlisle.htm Miriam, L. (1928). The Problem of Indian Administration. Maryland, MD: The Lord Baltimore Press. Retrieved from Alaskool. Rhoades-Kerswill, S. (2013, November 24). American Indian Studies. Retrieved from Online Classroom: https://oc.okstate.edu/d2l/le/content/906677/Home Samaan, R. A. (2000). The Influences of Race, Ethnicity, and Poverty on the Mental Health of Children. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 100-110. Stark, H. K., & Wilkins, D. E. (2011). American Indian Politics and the American Political System. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc. Walker, C. A. (2001). Native illness meanings: Depression and suicide. Dissertation Abstracts International, 1. Yellow Horse Brave Heart, M., & DeBruyn, L. M. (2013). THE AMERICAN INDIAN HOLOCAUST: HEALING HISTORICAL UNRESOLVED GRIEF. The American Indian Holocaust, 63.
of Native American Culture as a Means of Reform,” American Indian Quarterly 26, no. 1
Although the work is 40 years old, “Custer Died for Your Sins” is still relevant and valuable in explaining the history and problems that Indians face in the United States. Deloria’s book reveals the White view of Indians as false compared to the reality of how Indians are in real life. The forceful intrusion of the U.S. Government and Christian missionaries have had the most oppressing and damaging affect on Indians. There is hope in Delorias words though. He believes that as more tribes become more politically active and capable, they will be able to become more economically independent for future generations. He feels much hope in the 1960’s generation of college age Indians returning to take ownership of their tribes problems and build a better future for their children.
Although the work is 40 years old, “Custer Died for Your Sins” is still relevant and valuable in explaining the history and problems that Indians face in the United States. Deloria book reveals the Whites view of Indians as false compared to the reality of how Indians are in real life. The forceful intrusion of the U.S. Government and Christian missionaries have had the most oppressing and damaging effect on Indians. There is hope in Delorias words though. He believes that as more tribes become more politically active and capable, they will be able to become more economically independent for future generations. He feels much hope in the 1960’s generation of college age Indians returning to take ownership of their tribes problems.
In conclusion, the persistent disparities in American Indians and Alaska Natives communities are deeply rooted in historical trauma. To improve the health status of AI/AN there needs more American Indian/Alaska Natives delivery health care to the community. More importantly, tribal leaders and the AI/AN community must participate in raising the health status of the community. It should not take a congressional action to decrease the disparities plaguing the American Indian/Alaska Native communities.
Biological psychologists believe that a person usually develop depression because of genetic factors. Family history is very important evidence for doctors to see when tying to diagnosis depression since the family history will show whether depression illness runs through the families that could have been inherited. Weissman found that around 50% children whose parents also expressed depressive symptoms develop depression too. This is a great number to inherit depression from therefore this shows that genetics plays a great role in developing depression.
Willie, Charles V., Bernard M. Kramer, and Bertram S. Brown, eds. Racism Racism Racism and Mental Health. N.p.: Univerity of Pittsburgurgh Press, 1973. Print. Contemporary Community Health Series.
(Shaughnessy et al, 2004) Historical trauma is defined as the legacy of social and cultural suffering associated with the harmful governmental policies enforced on Native American communities. (Borowsky et al, 1999) Decades of injustices and discrimination, including the spread of diseases, loss of land, betrayal of treaties, the reservation system, the mistreatment and cultural annihilation of the boarding school era, as well as federal assimilation policies, have greatly contributed to the historical trauma and generational grief experienced by Native Americans. (Borowsky et al, 1999) The impact of the trauma is extensive as it affects not only the victim but their family, friends, and community. Research among several reservations revealed that a significant portion of Native American adolescents had persistent thoughts of historical losses. (Shaughnessy et al, 2004) According to Shaughnessy, for many participants, the impression of historical trauma on their communities was extremely
The roles anthropology plays is that they responding to mental health issues is very crucial because they are the ones who can really observe, report , interpret and explain the world perspectives on mental illness. They can identify issues according to race, ethnicity, age, geography and socioeconomic status. Discovering this factor would allowed them to teach the world that every disease or mental illness isn’t the same. We see that depression exists universally, but the way it is understood, treated and experience is very different from culture to culture. For example it would be the preconceived ideas that all culture outside of the West believe depression is the same for every individual and the role of the anthropology is to remove