Demography Of Nepal

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Nepal is a landlocked country, sharing border with largest and fastest growing Economy in the world; China and India. It is has a total surface area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq miles). Nepal is home of 8 most highest mountain in the world. Topographically, Nepal can be divided into four ecological category; Lowland (Tarai), Midland, Highland and Trans Himalayan. Tarai occupies low and flat land also known as food basket of Nepal. 1.2 Demography According to the most recent census held on 2011, there are 26,494,504 people in the country with a sex ratio of 94.2 male per 100. There are 796,422 more females than males in the country (CBS, 2012). 50.27% population (13,318,705) lives in Tarai region, whereas Hill and Mountain region constitute 43% (11,394,007) and 6.73%(1,781,792) respectively (CBS, 2012). Most of the people living in Tarai are characterized as the Indo-Gangetic people from India, however, significant number of people from hilly region characterized as Mongoloid have also been migrating to Tarai or inner Tarai. Mountain and hilly region people are mostly comprised of Tibeto-Burman speaking Mongoloid people (UNESCO 2008). Nepal is a multi cultural; multi linguistic and multi ethnic country, there are 125 cast/ethnic groups who speaks 123 spoken languages. Nepal is secular country, however Hinduism is the predominant religion in the country and ideologically dominant in entire education system since the history. According to census report (2011), Hindu are highest percentage of 81.3 percent (21,551,492) population followed by Buddhism (9.0%; 2,396,099), Islam (4.4%; 1,162,370), Kirat (3.1%; 807,169), Christianity (1.4%; 375,699), Prakriti (0.5%; 121,982), Bon (13,006), Jainism (3,214), Bahai (1,283) and ... ... middle of paper ... ...oal with other agencies such as National Planning Commission (NPC). MoE executes its program and policies through various department and decisions. However there is some discretionary authority is given to school based management body; Village Development Committee, District Development Committee (DDC), School Management Committee (SMC) and Parents Teachers Associations (PTAs) to decide day-to-day businesses.( Cite ) 5.5 National Strategies and Priorities The 13th national plan, secondary education goals are as follows: 1. To expand equal access to education of all levels and streams. 2. To improve quality, life skills, employment-oriented and relevance of education at all levels. 3. To make the education system creative, pragmatic, inclusive and equitable. 4. To enhance the efficiency, effectiveness and accountability of overall education system. (NPC, 2014)

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