Coronary Artery Disease Essay

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Coronary artery disease is the number one killer of men and women in the U.S. (Jacobs, 1999). It develops from several risk factors. The purpose of this paper is to identify and explain the modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors of coronary artery disease, as well as other cardiovascular related diseases. This paper also addresses preventative steps individuals can take to lesson their chances of developing coronary artery disease and other related disease. Obesity worsens these risk factors, and is linked to the other risk factors, causing the risk of coronary artery disease to increase. II. Risk factors of coronary artery disease A. Modifiable risk factors: Modifying risk factors are those risks that a person engages in that promote or increase the chance of developing coronary artery disease. These are factors that individuals can control, or have the ability to prevent or change. 1. Lifestyle changes: Research shows that the role of anxiety, stress, and depression are modifiable risk factors that contribute to the development of coronary artery disease, also known as cardiovascular disease (cvd) (Thurston, Rewak & Kubzansky, 2014). The risk of cigarette smoking is not only a modifiable risk factor, but according to research, it lowers the age for having a heart attack. It increases a person’s chance of having a heart attack is twice that of a non-smoker. For women the risk is higher, it triples (Rimmerman, 2006). One study associated cigarette smoking with a decrease in life expectancy of 10 years by coronary artery disease. Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, is another modifiable risk factor associated with coronary artery disease. Untreated hypertension can lead to other risk factors such as ... ... middle of paper ... ...r. 2014. Rimmerman, C. M. D. (2006). Heart attack a cleveland clinic guide. Cleveland: Cleveland Clinic Press. Roberts, B. M. (2004). How to keep from breaking your heart-what every woman needs to know about cardiovascular disease. Sudbury: Jones and Barlett Publishers. Thurston, Rebecca C., Marissa Rewak, and Laura D. Kubzansky. "An Anxious Heart: Anxiety and the Onset of Cardiovascular Diseases." Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases 55.6 (2013): 524+. Academic OneFile. Web. 12 Apr. 2014. Retrieved from: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do? "Study Findings on Heart Disease Are Outlined in Reports from IRCCS." Women's Health Weekly 17 Nov. 2011: 207. General OneFile. Web. 12 Apr. 2014. Retrieved from: http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Arrhythmia/AboutArrhythmia/About-Arrhythmia_UCM_002010 http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG
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