African American Heart Disease Essay

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Heart Disease in African American Women Heart disease is of utmost and imperative concern in the United States. It stands at the top of the list for causes of death in the U.S., and it can be absolutely devastating (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC], 2013). In part one of the health disparities paper, disparity in relation to heart disease was pointed out in those of low socioeconomic status and/or minorities. Part two of this paper has been streamlined towards a more specific minority: African Americans women. The reason for focusing on the African American women population is that there is a huge amount of disparity seen specifically in this group. As of 2009, African Americans as a whole had 30% more of a chance of dying from cardiovascular disease than Caucasians (U.S. Department of Health & Human Services Office of Minority Health [OMH], 2012). The rate of Cardiovascular Disease in African American women specifically is higher at 48.9% than the rate of CVD in African American men at 44.4%, showing even greater disparity in African American women (American Heart Association, 2013). The goal of this paper is to identify and appraise two different articles surrounding this topic. Both articles involve an intervention in which similar community prevention programs were implemented in hopes to reduce the risk of CVD in African American women. The first article is titled Love Your Heart: A Pilot Community-Based Intervention to Improve the Cardiovascular Health of African American Women. The authors of this study include: Fa ́tima Rodriguez, Lula Christopher, Caitlin E. Johnson, Yun Wang, and JoAnne M. Foody. The purpose of this study is to determine if implementing a heart healthy community prevention program, ... ... middle of paper ... ...ed prevention programs significantly decrease CVD risk factors in African American women. Both articles were appraised and evaluated, and outcomes ended up being positive in both. In both of the articles, all of the risk factors for CVD that were measured decreased from baseline to the end of the programs. This just shows how impactful these group programs are for this population. Not only was this intervention physically effective, it was also cost-effective as well, showing feasibility in all aspects. The large impact of these programs is extremely useful for nurses to understand, because nurses can look at these studies and implement programs like this elsewhere. A nurse has a duty to promote health and wellness, so it is important to know what works and what does not. As seen in this paper, group programs can be significantly effective in the prevention of CVD.

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