In the first paragraph, the narrator also reveals his ignorance. He believes that all blind people are based on only what he has seen in movies, "My idea of blindness came from the movies. In the movies, the blind moved slowly and never laughed. Sometimes they are led by seeing-eye dogs “(104). The narrator was surprised when he noticed Robert was not like this. The narrator is also surprised when Robert lights a cigarette. He believes blind people don’t smoke because “they couldn’t see the smoke they exhaled” (108). The husband starts to feel more comfortable after this. The three of them sit down for dinner and the husbands is impressed with the how Robert is able to locate his food, cut with a knife, and eat properly. This is where the narrator’s outlook starts to undergo change.
On November 21, 2010 thousands of ebony- skinned women, young and old, tuned in to VH1 to support Fantasia Barrino. These women are proud to learn that she has not only written a sitcom but actively seeks a producer; the viewers finally see Fantasia finding a constructive use of her time. Fantasia has a devoted fan base willing to forgive even the most prominent blunders presented on her show, such as failing to get her G.E.D., being reckless with her money, and dating a married man. Despite all these mistakes, Fantasia still identifies with an audience that accepts her and believes in her ability to grow and to give hope. This belief, however optimistic, is shattered the minute Fantasia expresses her reasoning for not playing the leading role in her new sitcom; “She’s beautiful…I know I’m hot and all but I’m not light-skinned.” These words spoken by Fantasia Barrino are only one example of a stereotype maintained by the show. Fantasia does not believe that she is attractive enough to play the leading role, simply because she is dark-skinned. Fantasia for Real is a VH1 unscripted show that depicts the everyday life of the season three American Idol winner. The program aims to portray Fantasia regaining control of her career and personal life. Sadly, the show has done just the opposite; Fantasia for Real disgraces Black women and men, single mothers, high school drop outs, and the state of North Carolina. The show substantiates stereotypes of both the ignorant “ baby mama” and the lazy young Black man by Portraying Fantasia as egregiously uneducated, while simultaneously depicting her brother as being shiftless and unmotivated .
The Shang Dynasty was very influential in the formation of Confucianism. This dynasty was a theocracy; the rulers at that time were considered divine. As a matter of fact, the term Shang-di arose, meaning the supreme ruler in heaven, or the lord above. The Shang-di was said to have human like qualities but was still considered divine. This term brings to mind the idea of a form of monotheism, but that is not exactly what it was going to turn into. Also during this time, ancestor worship became important. There was a belief that there were ancestral and nature spirits that could influence the material world that the worshipers lived in. It was believed that if the spirits were unhappy, bad things would happen to the worshiper. Another common practice during that dynasty with a religious tone to it was scapulimancy. Scapulimancy was divination, or a type of fortune telling that involved animal bones. This early Chinese dynasty laid a good early foundation for the development of the more religious aspects of Confucianism.
What is Confucianism? Confucianism was the single most important thing in Chinese life. It affected everything in China; education, government, and attitudes toward behavior in public and private life. Confucianism is not a religion, but it is more a philosophy and a guide to morality and good government. The Laozian and Mohist critiques of the Confucianism are both in an accurate fashion.
Taoism is one of the oldest religions in the world and its origins are rather mysterious. Formally there is no specifically known founder or date of foundation for Taoism; however, the individual accredited with the founding of Taoism “Began […] with the revelation of […] Lao Tzu (Taoism: The Origins of Taoism), which Buddhism. Taoism is a polytheistic religion with a wide variety of deities, and so Shamanism became an important part of the religion, as shamans were individuals’ connections to the different Gods of Taoism and protection from evil spirits; so in its initial structure a solid base of religious leaders formed, which would help the spread of the religion through education and role modeling (Hundoble). As for specific leaders of the religious movement, Lao-Tzu, an early philosopher and poet, is believed to have written the original founding principles of Taoism in the sixth century B.C., and as presented by King Shu Liu “of his work we have only the Tao-Teh-king [(the first Taoist literature)] which tradition attributed to him” (Liu 377). Zhao Daoling, another prominent Taoist leader, was the first of the Celestial M...
Athletes today need to be able to cope with the anxiety and pressure that is placed on them in the competitive world of sports. A large deal of research has been done on examining the relationship between anxiety and performance within the field of athletics. This paper is going to show that the mind in an athlete has a lot to do with the result of the particular event. In order to show that anxiety in athletes is a significant problem this paper is going to be set up in three different areas in order to explain exactly how anxiety affects the athlete. The first section of the paper is going to explain the history and terminology on the study of anxiety in athletes. Next, this paper will show the results of numerous testing that has gone on in order to see the effects of anxiety in athletes. And the third and final section of this paper is going to explain what treatments that can help the athlete cope with the anxiety issues.
Confucianism is a moral and religious system of China. Its origins go back to the Analects, the sayings attributed to Confucius, and to ancient writings, including that of Mencius. Confucius was born a mandarin under the name Kongzi. It was developed around 550 B.C. In its earliest form Confucianism was primarily a system of ethical concepts for the control of society. It saw man as a social creature that is bound to his fellow men by jen, or “humanity.” Jen is expressed through the five relationships—sovereign and subject, parent and child, elder and younger brother, husband and wife, and friend and friend. Of these, the filial relation is most important.
Anxiety being the complex thing it is has been given many definitions over the years but the most well known was by Weinberg and Gould (1999) the stated that anxiety was a state of negative emotions and characteristics such as a sensation of apprehension, worry and nervousness; which could be connected with arousal of the human body. Weinberg and Gould (1999) also stated that there was two different types of anxiety. The first type of anxiety effect the mind or mental aspects of an athlete; this type is known as cognitive anxiety, which causes negative feeling and sensation as well as loss of concentration and sometimes motivation which have a negative impact on an athlete’s performance. The other type of anxiety effect the body physically; this is known as somatic anxiety. Somatic anxiety is commonly confused with arousal as the effects are very similar. Somatic anxiety causes sweaty palms and such sensations as ‘butterflies’ in an athlete’s stomach, which can have a negative effect on performance.
In the story "Cathedral" by Raymond Carver, the main character, goes through a major personal transformation. At the beginning of the story, his opinions of others are filled with stereotypes, discrimination and prejudice. Through interaction with his wife's blind friend Robert, his attitude and outlook on life changes. Although at first he seemed afraid to associate with a blind man, Robert's outgoing personality left him with virtually no choice. During Robert's visit, he proved to be a normal man, and showed the speaker that by closing his eyes, he could open his mind.
During the Warring States period China was going through chaos. The teachings of Confucianism and Daoism were welcomed by society to bring order, stability and liberate people from the misery and oppression. The rulers were greedy and desirous of political power and their own agendas; however they were looking for a new way to unite their people. It is often said that Confucianism and Daoism are the yang and yin, respectively, of Chinese religion. That is, they are not rivals so much as complementary traditions, working together to produce an overall balance in the lives of the Chinese. This is not true because the two religious philosophies were different from one another. Confucius believed that the traditions and virtues that were studied and taught in the old days by the Ancients was the best way to organize society (trickle-down approach). Also followers of Confucius believed in education, a moral force and human goodness to advance and progress within society. Daoism on the other hand relies on human nature and a balance of good and evil (Yin-Yang) to bring about social order. It neglects education, virtue and cultural norms because it is said that people are born faultless.
The husband in Raymond Carvers “Cathedral” wasn’t enthusiastic about his wife’s old friend, whom was a blind man coming over to spend the night with them. His wife had kept in touch with the blind man since she worked for him in Seattle years ago. He didn’t know the blind man; he only heard tapes and stories about him. The man being blind bothered him, “My idea of blindness came from the movies. In the movies, the blind moved slowly and never laughed. Sometimes they were led by seeing-eye dogs. A blind man in my house was not something I looked forward to. (Carver 137)” The husband doesn’t suspect his ideas of blind people to be anything else. The husband is already judging what the blind man will be like without even getting to actually know him. It seems he has judged too soon as his ideas of the blind man change and he gets a better understanding of not only the blind man, but his self as well.
(Pineschi & Di Pietro, 2013) Once the level of arousal necessary for the sport has been determined, the athlete will need to identify their natural state of anxiety to and determine their Individual Zone of Optimal Functioning – IZOF. If they have high trait anxiety, meaning they feel anxiety easily and often, they will need to use relaxation techniques especially if they play a sport that requires fine motor control. If they are a naturally relaxed person they will need to use psyching up techniques especially if they play a very physically powerful sport, or need a lot of strength such as a power lifter. The relaxation techniques described in the article are ones that put the control in the hands of the athlete, they can use these methods to reduce tension in their muscles and psychological anxiety at their own will. Common principles focused on include lowering muscle tone, focusing on the present moment and being mindful, and relaxed breathing techniques. Breathing is the only physiological function that can be directly controlled. For relaxation purposes it is most effective to use
Playing a sport whether its basketball, soccer, football or any other of your interest can be thrilling, and accelerating. Not only can it be fun yet physical exercise is good for the mind, body, and spirit. Therefore, as an athlete one must keep in mind that playing any sport, injury is part of life and inevitable. Research has proven from time to time that severe injuries in sports can trigger psychological mental health issues, affecting them in their athletic performance.