Compare And Contrast Sparta And Mesopotamian Civilizations

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In today’s world there are many people that believe that the domain we live in today has flourished in wealth, and come a long way since the early ages. In the book “From the Tigris to the Tiber” Jones goes through the Roman, Greek and Egyptian Empires. He feels that if the these empires would admire the opportunities we have today and that they most likely would have taken better advantage of it than we do. In this paper, I will be discussing the Riverine Civilizations, the Mesopotamian civilizations, the beliefs, cultures, and developments of the Egyptians, and the advances of the Roman Empire. During what is referred to as the historic time period there was not enough water to support the agriculture, this caused many people to move to…show more content…
These states were either known for their political, military, or economical strength. These states were Athens, Sparta, Corinth, Thebes, and Argos. All of these states were established on the eastern side of Greece, with Thebes and Athens being the central areas. Athens and Sparta were the two most well known states due to their roles in the fifth century B.C. so those are the two I will go into some detail about. Sparta was different from other Greek states because of its size, recourses, and historical development. Laconia, which was controlled by Sparta, was much larger than an ordinary Greek state, and contained some of the most fertile land in Greece. For the government Sparta citizens that could perform military services created what was known as an assembly, there was also a council of elders made up of senior representatives that were from twenty-eight noble clans, and Sparta had an unusual two royal families, and two different kings. Private ownership of land was taken away and all the land was state controlled and was evenly distributed. Sparta soon became strictly militarized and every man became a soldier starting at the young age of seven. This made Sparta’s army indestructible but the political, economical, and cultural evolution ended for Sparta due to the military reforms. Athens on the other hand was not as big of a state as Sparta, and they were a sea power state instead of focus on land military. Also Athens went from a Monarchy to being controlled by archons, which were chosen actually by the aristocrats. Disagreements and many other factors between the states lead to the Peloponnesian war, which began in 431 B.C. no one, won the war but it seemed Athens suffered the biggest loss. Greek civilization hit its full maturity between 500 and 362 B.C. sculpture, architecture, and painting began to flourish along with
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