Common Sleep Disorders and Treatments

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Every human being in the world loves to sleep. It is the most important thing needed in life. However, there are some people who are not able to sleep well. Some have extreme conditions to where they are diagnosed with a sleep disorder. There are people who do not really know that they have a sleep disorder without consulting with their physician. There are numerous sleep disorders in the world. The most common sleep disorders are sleep talking, sleep walking, night terrors, insomnia, nightmares, narcolepsy, sleep apnea, and restless legs syndrome. In addition, there are treatments for these various sleep disorders. The first sleep disorder is sleep talking. It is also called somniloquism. This sleep disorder is rather common. About forty percent of the college students who have been examined by investigators have been found to talk in their sleep. Usually they have no recollection of having done so. Sleep talking is considered to be a sign of poor sleep and of dream activity. (Laird 403). Another one is called somnambulism or sleep walking. It is not common as somniloquism. It is probably caused by emotional disturbances. (Laird 403). Sleepwalking is when a person moves around in bed or leaves the bed and walks around in a sound sleep. In adults, continued sleepwalking may be a sign of an illness such as epilepsy or of anxiety or stress. Treatment of the underlying disorder can relieve sleep problems caused by anxiety or emotional trauma. (MacMillan 93-94). Night terrors are the next type of sleep disorder. It is also called pavor nocturnus. They are attacks of anxiety which are associated with distressing dreams. Usually, the victim tosses in bed and cries or moans without awakening. This disorder is more common among child... ... middle of paper ... ...LS Marion High School Library. Parnes, L Bennett; Pagel, F.J. “Medications for the Treatment of Sleep Disorders: An Overview”. Primary Care Companion to the Journal of Clinical Psychiatry: 3.3(2001):118-125. Web 28 Mar 2014. http://www.ncbi.nhm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC18117217. Isreal-Ancdi Sonia, Ph.D. Ayalon, Liat. Ph.D. “The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.” Diagnosis and Treatment of Sleep Disorders in Older Adults. 14.2(2006): 95-103. Web 28 Mar 2014. Smith, Melinda, MA. Robinson, Lawrence. Segal, Robert, MA. “Sleep Disorders and Sleep Problems. “Symptoms, Treatment and Help for Common Sleep Disorders. N.p, n.d. Web 27 Mar 2014. James, Jan E. O’Donnell, E. Maureen. 30 Jan 2007. Use of melatonin in the treatment of paediatric sleeps disorder. Journal of Pineal Research, 21(4), 193-199. Doi: DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-079X.1996.tb00286.x 4 March 2014.

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