In recent years a new disease that has raised many concerns is insomnia. Insomnia is a sleep disorder that is categorized into two: primary insomnia, and secondary insomnia. Primary insomnia is defined as a person who just has difficulty with going to sleep, but are not directly associated with other health conditions. Secondary insomnia means a person is having sleep issues because of a primary health condition. Insomnia can range between acute and chronic.
Many people have heard of sleepwalking, otherwise known as “somnambulism”, and even know about symptoms that surround the disorder (National Sleep Foundation/ Sleepwalking, 2013, para 1). Some “symptoms of sleepwalking include: sleeptalking, occurring within the first few hours, little or no memory of sleepwalking, screaming, and actions of inappropriate behavior” (National Sleep Foundation/Sleepwalking, 2013, para 6). There is there more to the story than just waking up during the night and walking around in an unconscious state. Sleepwalking is a “parasomnia” (National Sleep Foundation/Sleep and Parasomnias, 2013, para 1). Parasomnias occur when an individual has an abrupt, partial awakening from deep sleep and performs “complex behaviors while asleep” (National Sleep Foundation/Sleepwalking, 2013, para 1).
It could be instances such as waking up throughout the night, suddenly falling asleep during the day, or failing to breathe for a moment when sleeping. There are different variations of dyssomnia: o Insomnia is the most frequent form of dyssomnia there is. It is when a person has trouble trying to sleep, wakes up throughout the night, or wakes up too early in the morning. Different causes of insomnia can be stress or anxiety before bed, or something as simple as not being in a comfortable setting to sleep in. More serious cases are typically categorized with other medical or mental disorders.
"(DSM pg. 435) Arousal disorders are the most common type of parasomnia. These disorders include: confusional arousals, sleepwalking, sleep terrors and nightmares. Experts believe that each is related and share some symptoms. Essentially, they occur because a person is in a mixed state of being both asleep and awake, generally coming from the deepest stage of non-dreaming sleep.
These headaches are mainly migraines or cluster headaches. Sleep headaches lead to conditions such as depression and sleep apnea. People in despair often sleep too much (Judd, 2010). A person who is sad, discouraged and a mind that is depressed is more likely to sleep for long duration because they find peace at that time. The low physical activity and moods results to pain in the neck, back, and head.
There are various different sleep disorders. The most common sleep disorder is insomnia. A person suffering with insomnia struggles in one of the following areas of sleep: falling asleep, staying asleep throughout the night, or not being able to fall back asleep after waking. People with insomnia can feel lethargic and not alert because it prevents them from achieving restorative sleep. Possible causes for insomnia include physical illness, emotional issues such as stress, anxiety or depression, and substance abuse.
Frequent nightmares that keep people awake are classified as a sleep disorder (Sleep Education). Nightmares are classified as a parasomnia (Roddick and Cherney). Illness, anxiety, or sleeping in an uncomfortable position can cause bad dreams (Stanford Health Care). Nightmares have both physical and psychological causes (Stanford Health Care). They are most common in kids during REM sleep (National Sleep Foundation).
Sleeping Disorders I am going to start by telling you what a sleeping disorder is. A sleeping disorder is a problem that affects something to do with sleep. Not all sleeping disorders have symptoms that are obvious to a person or their family and friends, here are some common sleep disorders. - Insomnia - Sleep Apnea - Narcolepsy - Restless Leg Syndrome - Parasomnia - Bruxism - Jet Lag - Shiftwork I will be discussing the sleeping disorders listed above and what symptoms they can cause. Insomnia is a chronic sleeping disorder in which it is very difficult to start and continue sleeping.
About.com defines intrusive thoughts as thoughts that are unwanted, feel uncontrollable, and often pertain to disturbing or distressing themes, such as: worrying constantly about something bad will happen. Primary insomnia patients engage in a fury of thought battle at night. These thought battles are likely to stimulate additional worrisome behavior and maintain sleep disturbance. A frequent answer giving by patients with intrusive thinking is “my mind keeps racing.” There is widespread acceptance that intrusive thinking at bedtime characterizes Primary insomnia (e.g. Borkovec, 1982).
Intrinsic sleep disorders are caused by something within the body. An example of an intrinsic disorder is narcolepsy. Narcolepsy is a fairly well known sleep disorder. A typical narcoleptic will be inordinately sleep, have irregular REM (rapid eye movement) sleep, instantaneous muscle weakness also known a cataplexy, hallucinations and difficulty sleeping at night (Dement 512). Julia, a narcoleptic, had experienced those symptoms several times before.