Growing dissent between the North and South began mounting years before the Civil War. This disagreement between the two regions led to each side understanding the major differences between one another. The regions had different political views, moral views, and views on the future for the economy. One key difference between the North and South was their view on slavery. The South’s economy was based primarily on cash crops like cotton. These crops were grown on plantations with slaves as the chief labor source. The South wanted to continue and expand the practice of slavery into the West, but the North was adamantly against such action. Many antislavery and abolition movements had significant support in the North. This disagreement eventually led to the beginning of the Civil War. Each side had different advantages and disadvantages at the onset of war due to the differences in the economies and people in the North and South prior to the Civil War. The key advantages and disadvantages of the North and South contributed to the success or complication of each side’s war strategies. The advantages of the North outweighed their disadvantages and the South’s advantages leading to a victory for the North in the American Civil War. The North had many advantages at the onset of the Civil War. One advantage that the North had over the South was population size. The North contained more than 60% of the population while the South contained less than 40%. This difference in population plays an important role in the North’s ability to supply troops into military service and continuing the production of industries. If the North did not have a significant amount of the population, their production of war materials could have fallen behind (He... ... middle of paper ... ...of New Orleans. The inability to supply troops complicated South’s strategy and forced their troops to undergo poor and difficult conditions (Hewitt and Lawson 398- 405). Another disadvantage of the South during the Civil War was Jefferson Davis’s lack of concern for the South’s civilians. Davis was primarily concerned with military duties during the war and focused little on the morale of the South’s civilians. As a result of his inattention to the public, the Confederacy’s economy began to collapse during the Civil War. Inflation soared due to the South’s effort to try and finance the war effort. Davis’s unconcern with the morale of the South’s civilians complicated the war effort for the Confederacy. This civilian dissent drew attention away from the war and forced Southern leaders to focus on other concerns such as the costs of war (Hewitt and Lawson 403-410).
Jefferson Davis, president of the Confederate States of America, showed weaknesses within his leadership which may have contributed to the confederacy’s loss and the unions win . Davis failed in three vital ways. These ways were: his relations with other confederate authorities and with the people, as well as in his fundamental concept of his job as president and in his organization and specific handling of his role as commander in chief . Davis failed in maintaining communication with leaders and with his people, often unable to admit when he is wrong which led to lack organization in his role . In addition, Davis was a conservative leader, not a revolutionary one which meant that his strength was often in protocol and convention rather than in innovation . Studying each of these aspects that represented a weakness in Jefferson Davis’s leadership, Lincoln in comparison provided more admirable and outstanding qualities within his leadership which in many ways affected the outcome of the war
i)the Union raised a higher percentage of Its money from bonds than the South; the South simply inflated without species backing because it had a smaller, less industrial economy. Jay Cooke, the man designated by Salmon Chase to administer the sales of Union bonds, developed a technique in which he marketed bonds to not only the wealthy classes, but the middle classes as well, encouraging them to contribute to the war effort by purchasing bonds. This tactic raised $3 billion for the Union. The Confederacy’s attempt to raise war funds with bonds failed primarily because few Southerners had enough cash; as previously stated, liquid wealth in the South was fairly scarce. Another reason for the Southerner’s reluctance was inflation.
Throughout the American Civil War, the north proved victorious and superior to the south. The Union had the power and wealth, and, “he who has the money has the power” proved so as the north defeated the south and embraced the trophy of power. There were many key factors in this accomplishment, the factories, the money, the resources, the commanders, the manpower, the skill and determination, but most importantly, the weapons.
According to Michael F. Holt, economics did not play much of a role leading up to the American Civil War. Although, one can argue that political and economic issues go hand in hand. Mr. Holt does not see economic differences as the main cause for the American Civil War. He points to the fact that these economic an industry differences had been around for many years prior to the war with little friction.
When the war began and the union blockaded all their ports the south was out of luck. They had very little industrial workers and manufactured goods compared to the north so during the blockade they could not make their own weapons or food other than corn. (Doc 2) The north had the advantage because they supplied the south with a lot of important items such as cotton-mills and steamships. (Doc 3) They also had better means of transportation. The north had better boats because they had factories equipped to make them and they also had more railroads to transfer weapons and equipment to soldiers. (Doc 1) The north was meant to win from the beginning and even though it took longer than expected they still beat the south and defeated slavery. No one document will tell you that slavery caused the Civil War, but if it had not been for slavery the war would have never
The North region, also called the Union, was already different from the South before the Civil War even started. The North side did have their disadvantages as well as benefits. One disadvantage was the lack of favorable soil and climate. Their type of conditions only allowed for small farmsteads rather than the big plantations the South had. This weakness handicapped the North side from producing more resources such as cotton, but they were considered to have more food and money than the South. The North had some good leaders but they did not have as many leaders as the South. President Lincoln was one of their leaders, as well as their biggest supporter. “His utter determination to win was key in the Civil War; having the support of the President, although things weren't always in the favor of the Union states, is a major point in the pursuit of victory” (internet 4). Having the President on their side helped with morale as well. They had a bigger population due to immigrant labor from Europe to wor...
The Civil War was unlike any other war ever fought in America and had many effects on the home front for both the North and the South. It is stated to be the first ever total war, which is a war against not only the civilians but also the armies. The Civil War is also considered the first modern war fought by the U.S. troops. Lincoln asked volunteers to sign up for only three months. Many people thought the war wouldn’t last long. However, the war continued on for four years. The Union armies had around 2,500,000 to 2,750,000 men and the Confederate army had approximately 750,000 to 1,250,000 men. The entire North and South society was affected by the war and desired for many social and economic assets. The Civil war brought new military techniques which caused the armaments to be more destructive. Ironclad ships and railroads were sufficiently used within the war. The north had a motive; they wanted to weaken the South’s longing to victory. The North tried to achieve this last motive by inflicting wholesale destruction upon the South (Janda, 1995). More than a hundred people seemed to be spies or secessionists in Maryland. In time, they were arrested due to not being faithful to the union and their state. Pro-secessionist newspapers were shut down, and telegrams and mail were censored (Perret, 2004).
The Confederacy’s agrarian economy contrasted with the Union’s industrial society in ways that ultimately became handicaps during the war. During the first half of the nineteenth century, while the North
The North and the South had different perspectives. For a while these different perspectives only caused nonviolent arguments until neither could get past their differences and compromise. This led to the numerous battles of the Civil War and eventually the victory of the North. Both the North and the South had their strengths and weakness throughout the war, however, in the end the North was stronger. Factories, railroads, supplies, and population contributed to the strengths and weaknesses of the Union and Confederacy.
The Southern and Northern states varied on many issues, which eventually led them to the Civil War. There were deep economic, social, and political differences between the North and the South. These differences stemmed from the interpretation of the United States Constitution on both sides. In the end, all of these disagreements about the rights of states led to the Civil War. There were reasons other than slavery for the South?s secession. The manifestations of division in America were many: utopian communities, conflicts over public space, backlash against immigrants, urban riots, black protest, and Indian resistance (Norton 234). America was a divided land in need reform with the South in the most need. The South relied heavily on agriculture, as opposed to the North, which was highly populated and an industrialized society. The South grew cotton, which was its main cash crop and many Southerners knew that heavy reliance on slave labor would hurt the South eventually, but their warnings were not heeded. The South was based on a totalitarian system.
What started as a war to prevent the South from seceding quickly turned into a war against slavery following President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation. At the start of the Civil War, both Union and Confederate sides believed that they would had a quick and decisive victory. The North’s population and industry was vastly greater than the South’s, but the South had superior military leadership, a large white population that was united against invading Union armies and a hope that France or Britain would intervene on their behalf.
A Major cause of the Civil War was the economic tensions between the northern states that wanted to outlaw slavery, and the southern states that wanted to expand and allow slavery to prosper. One example of the economic strain between the North and the South was in Documents 2 and 3. Document 2 shows pie graphs, that represent the population between the North and the South. The pie graphs also show the amount of total population, slave population, industrial worker population, amount of yearly manufactured value, amount of railroad mileage, amount of cotton bales, and the amount of bushels of corn. Document 2 is comparing the strong and weak sides of both the northern and southern economy. In addition, the document also represents what each economy depends on. For example, the North has produced 59% of all the corn in the country, while the South only produced 41% of the corn. This shows that the North was able to grow most of the corn, while the South was able to produce all of the cotton in the count...
When thinking about the necessity of war it is always hard to determine when it ever really is essential for change to be made. There are different sides of a war and while sometimes many, in simplest form there are really only two sides of a war. Both sides of a war are said to be correct depending on whom is telling the story or argument. In the case of the Civil War slavery was the main opposition through this time and the division was through the North and the South. On the subject of the Civil War being a battle to be avoid it would have to be no. The Civil War was a long time coming. There are many reasons as to why America could not have continued with such opposing views on the ownership of slaves. With such an issue of an individual’s
...f wearing down the north's patience. The south's idea of northerns as "city slickers" who did not know how to ride or shoot was wrong. Many of the men who formed the Union forces came from rural backgrounds and were just as familiar with riding and shooting as their southern enemies. Finally, the south's confidence in its ability to fund through sales of export crops such as cotton did not take into consideration the northern blockade. France and Britain were not willing to become involved in a military conflict for the sake of something they had already stockpiled. The help the south had received from France and Britain turned out to be a lot less than they expected. In conclusion, while all the south's reasons for confidence were based on reality, they were too hopeful. The south's commitment to a cause was probably what caused their blindness to reality.