The brain relies on the development of neurons to transmit signals through the brain. When these neurons are over-stimulated or over activated the brain does not develop in its correct manner. Trauma is one way that affects this process. The trauma tells the amygdala that the person is experiencing some form of danger. The amygdala is responsible for sending signals throughout the brain telling it how to respond to the fear. Whether it is to run (flight) fight or freeze; the body responds. Those who suffer from sexual or physical abuse their brain’s energy focus on safety and the need to survive. Chronic fear projects the induvial to a hypervigilant state which cause the brain to freeze at the stage of trauma. This prolonged state of trauma impacts growth, emotions, socialization, and cognition. The social worker has to assess the …show more content…
The first years of the child development is crucial for their projected adult life. Malnutrition stunts the development of the brain slowing development physically and psychologically. An infant relies on healthy caregiver attachments. This process teaches the infant how its environment will respond to their needs. When the infant is exposed to long-term neglect of needs; they learn to self sooth within their selves. This lack of attachment creates the impact of trauma onto ones life.
As an adolescent its symptoms are seem in behavior disorder such as Conduct Disorder and ADHD. Symptoms of trauma present dissociation, disengagement, bullying, depression, and anxiety. As negative coping skill dissociation from ones environment allows for survival and a “checkout” from reality. Social dysregulation removes the ability to show empathy and vulnerabilities; a way to “protect them”. Social worker’s awareness of symptoms and pathologies prepare for assessments, treatment and
Developmental Trauma Disorder (DTD) was a proposed by Van der Kolk and D’Andrea (2010). The premise of DTD is based on research data of individuals involved in several research studies. According to Van der Kolk and D’Andrea (2010), DTD is the result of living in a fear-based environment which includes, poor treatment by primary caregivers, instability, and neglect. This type of inadequate treatment is often hidden, meaning it is may not be visible on the surface. Neglectful caregiver-infant relationships perpetuate DTD. These interactions relay the message to the infant or child that the world is not safe, is threatening, and is unreliable. This lack of emotional safety is often as damaging as lack of physical safety (Van der Kolk & d’Andrea,
The attachment process plays a crucial role in a child’s development and their future impact on society According to Dr Suzanne Zeedyk. Children can’t feel relaxed and safe with the adults & children in the nursery until they get to know them. If there’s a lack of affection towards a child they may be reluctant to take advantage of all the learning opportunities because of their anxiety. We now know that relationships literally shape the neural connections in young children’s brains. This means everything that happens or doesn’t happen for the child will leaves a physiological trace in their growing brain. According to Dr Suzanne
...n infant will form attachments for more than purely the need for food and that they crave care, comfort and safety. These early attachment theories prove that an infant needs a loving and protective relationship with a parent or primary caregiver and this relationship will continue to develop into childhood and may possibly have an impact in later life.
Infant attachment is the first relationship a child experiences and is crucial to the child’s survival (BOOK). A mother’s response to her child will yield either a secure bond or insecurity with the infant. Parents who respond “more sensitively and responsively to the child’s distress” establish a secure bond faster than “parents of insecure children”. (Attachment and Emotion, page 475) The quality of the attachment has “profound implications for the child’s feelings of security and capacity to form trusting relationships” (Book). Simply stated, a positive early attachment will likely yield positive physical, socio-emotional, and cognitive development for the child. (BOOK)
Bill is a nine-year-old Caucasian male. Bill is currently living with his biological mother (Crystal age 32), sister (Sage age 3), aunt, cousin, and grandmother (Jessica). Jessica owns the house and Bill’s family and grandmother live on the second level and his aunt and cousin live in the basement. The home environment appears to be safe and stable with adequate space for everyone currently there. Bill hasn’t had any contact with his biological father since he was one-year-old. Crystal is currently single. Crystal is employed full-time and Jessica provides childcare for Bill and Sage while Crystal is at work.
With my past social work experience I understand that trauma can affect many people in different ways. Traumatic life experiences can vary with everyone and their way of coping and reacting. I worked a children services for about two years. I have been able to witness the effects of trauma on a lot of the children I worked with. For example, I had to remove 5 children from their mother. Their mother was using meth at the time leaving the oldest child, who was thirteen years old, taking care of the youngest. The mother was in an abusive relationship with their father. The father was very emotionally abusing by threatening the kids and mother. Removing the children from their mother was a traumatic life experience.
According to Erik Erickson, in the first year of a child’s life, the main challenge is to establish trust. After birth, an infant must depend completely on others to fulfill their needs. To create a safe environment for the baby, a caregiver must provide things like food, love, and safety. Overall, if the child’s needs are met, the child should develop a positive and trusting attitude toward the world. This security will allow them to build trust with others in the future. For infants that are mistreated or neglected, the world would seem like a scary place. Sadly, they create a barrier and learn to mistrust others. Also, if the child’s needs are not completely fulfilled, the child may develop an insecure attitude (Romero).
In early childhood, trauma can impair children from forming new attachments, especially if the child does not already have a secure attachment relationship. Extreme trauma during childhood also impacts the brain, which therefor impacts their emotional and cognitive development—two key aspects in forming attachments. The ...
When exposed during childhood, abuse can affect the completion of the developmental tasks due to the child having a feeling that they are a “bad child”. This may cause them to be fearful and anxious in social interactions and when learning something new causing attention to be unfocused.
Childhood maltreatment is defined as emotional or physical maltreatment and sexual abuse that has the potential to cause harm to a child (The relation) while childhood adversity refers to physical or emotional acts that may be potentially harmful to a child’s development (Relationship). Both have similar effects in that they have been found to increase the risk of the development of a psychotic disorder and psychotic symptoms in adults. Childhood maltreatment has been proven to increase the risk of developing depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia in adults. The studies observed in this paper will help to understand if childhood maltreatment and adversity has any effect on the social functioning of people diagnosed with psychotic disorders,
Child maltreatment is a global public health problem (Klika & Herrenkol, 2013). Children who have been maltreated tend to express more cortisol dysregulation (De Bellis, Woolley, & Hooper, 2013). Having this concern causes the children to express more stress than a child who has not been maltreated. According to De Bellis, Woolley, & Hooper (2013), pediatric studies have concluded that if a child is abused at a younger age and continuous neglect is associated they are more likely to suffer from smaller brain volumes and heightened biological stress chemicals. Being exposed to abusive trauma that leads to PTSD has shown to cause children to have higher levels of dissociative symptoms and more behavioral problems (De Bellis, Woolley, & Hooper, 2013). Children tend to mimic behaviors that are observed by their guardians or parents, and it is likely that at some point a child will express those same behaviors, but most likely in a different way. Being abused can often lead to a reenactment of that same attempt of punishment on the child’s future family.
Trauma relates to a type of damage to the mind that comes from a severely distressing event. A traumatic event relates to an experience or repeating events that overwhelmingly precipitated in weeks, months, or decades as one tries to cope with the current situations that can cause negative consequences. People’s general reaction to these events includes intense fear, helplessness or horror. When children experience trauma, they show disorganized or agitative behavior. In addition, the trigger of traumas includes some of the following, harassment, embarrassment, abandonment, abusive relationships, rejection, co-dependence, and many others. Long-term exposure to these events, homelessness, and mild abuse general psychological
Children experience decreased development in the left brain when traumatic events occur (Network, n.d.). Imagine being a child and growing up with these types of events occurring. A traumatic event in a child’s life can cause a child to experience a long lasting negative effect. Life events are happening everywhere and more often in the lives of children (Understanding Child Traumatic Stress, n.d.). Trauma can cause them to do three things. First, they try to see what the danger is and how serious it is. Secondly there are strong emotional and physical reactions. Thirdly they attempt to come up with what to do that can help them with the danger. Traumatic events can cause a child to develop differently, which effects the young child stage,
The first two years of a infants development is crucial. They are dependent on their caregivers to provide them with enough nutrition, nurturing, attention, love, and experiences to not only learn about their surrounding world but how to interact with it. Without these experiences a babies brain isn’t given the chance to grow and develop the way that is was designed to. Unfortunately in many circumstances if these experiences don’t happen early on children suffer
According to the American Psychological Association, trauma is an emotional response to a terrible event. Some terrible events that happen all too often are rape, natural disasters or an accident. Immediately following the event shock and denial are likely to occur, but in the long-term flashbacks, unpredictable emotions and troubled relationships can arise. Defining emotional trauma on a child. Emotional trauma in a child can be created by bullying, emotional abuse, death of loved ones, separation from parent, or chaos and dysfunction in the household. Child symptoms of trauma can be very similar to depression symptoms. They can over sleep or sleep to little, unexplained anger, trouble focusing, obsessive worrying and some anxiety. How a child experiences an event and how it’s handled by those around him have an effect on how traumatizing it can be, notes Dr. Jerry Bubrick (Child Mind Institute , 2017). People grieve at different speeds and the way the child grieves is not the correct indicator on how the child will cope later. Defining physical trauma on a child. Physical trauma on a child is considered non-accidental or the cause of physical injury. Some households that suffer from alcoholism/substance abuse and anger issues have higher occurrences of child abuse as compared to households without according to psychology today. Sometimes kids that are abused are unaware that they are being abused and are victims of child